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Fontenay-sous-Bois

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Fontenay-sous-Bois

Fontenay-sous-Bois
A road in the centre of Fontenay-sous-Bois
A road in the centre of Fontenay-sous-Bois
Coat of arms of Fontenay-sous-Bois
Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring departments
Paris and inner ring departments
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Val-de-Marne
Arrondissement Nogent-sur-Marne
Canton 2 cantons
Government
 • Mayor Jean-François Voguet
Area1 5.58 km2 (2.15 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 52,675
 • Density 9,400/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 94033 / 94120
Elevation 44–111 m (144–364 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Fontenay-sous-Bois (French pronunciation: ​) is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 9.3 km (5.8 mi) from the center of Paris.

Name

The name Fontenay was recorded in the Middle Ages as Fontanetum, meaning "the springs", from Medieval Latin fontana ("natural spring").

The commune was known alternatively as Fontenay-les-Bois (meaning "Fontenay by the woods"), Fontenay-sur-le-Bois (meaning "Fontenay over the wood"), or Fontenay-sous-Bois (meaning "Fontenay under wood"), but eventually in the early 19th century the latter name of Fontenay-sous-Bois became the only name. The wood referred to in the name of the commune is the Bois de Vincennes.

History

In 1929, the commune of Fontenay-sous-Bois lost more than a third of its territory when the city of Paris annexed the Bois de Vincennes, a large part of which belonged to Fontenay-sous-Bois.

Fountain

The Rosettes fountain was lost during World War II. Years later, it was found by chance in a market in the South of France; the town of Fontenay-sous-Bois recovered it, and re-installed it in the place where it can be seen today.

Transport

Fontenay-sous-Bois is served by Fontenay-sous-Bois station on Paris RER line A.

It is also served by Val de Fontenay station, which is an interchange station on Paris RER line A and RER line E.

Demographics

Immigration

Place of birth of residents of Fontenay-sous-Bois in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
80.0% 20.0%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
2.2% 3.3% 4.5% 10.0%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Personalities

  • Jean-François Voguet, mayor from 2001 to 2014, ordered the expulsion of people living in a house belonging to the city. The mayor is now part of the few PCF mayors who practice the expulsion of squatters.

Views

See also

References

  • INSEE
  • Mayors of Essonne Association (French)

External links

  • Official website
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