World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0003078276
Reproduction Date:

Title: Forcalquier  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, Banon, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, Sisteron, Avignon, Margaret of Provence
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A general view of Forcalquier, with the Luberon Massif in the background
A general view of Forcalquier, with the Luberon Massif in the background
Coat of arms of Forcalquier
Coat of arms
Forcalquier is located in France
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Arrondissement Forcalquier
Canton Forcalquier
Intercommunality Pays de Forcalquier et Montagne de Lure
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Christophe Castaner (PS)
Area1 42.76 km2 (16.51 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 4,640
 • Density 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 04088 / 04300
Elevation 397–904 m (1,302–2,966 ft)
(avg. 550 m or 1,800 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Forcalquier (Occitan: Forcauquier) is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in southeastern France.

Forcalquier is located between the Lure and Luberon mountain ranges, about 30 km (19 mi) south of Sisteron and 10 km (6.2 mi) west of the Durance river. In the Middle Ages it was the capital of Haute-Provence.


  • History 1
  • Population 2
  • Sights 3
  • Personalities 4
  • International relations 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


Furnus calcarius was the Latin name, from the lime (chaux) ovens used in Roman times. (A Roman bridge still stands in the valley to the south of the town.) Its Provençal name is Fourcauquié. At the end of the 11th century, a family of the Counts of Provence created the comté de Forcalquier that remained an independent state through the 12th century.

During this time, the town of Forcalquier was the capital of Haute Provence along the Durance, which included the towns of Manosque, Sisteron, Gap and Embrun. Forcalquier minted its own currency, and its church was elevated to the status of a "concathedral".

The Counts of Forcalquier grew to a power that could defy the Counts of Provence. Rivalry ended in 1195 when Gersende de Sabran, comtesse de Forcalquier, married Alfonso II, the Count of Provence. Their son, Ramon Bérenger IV inherited the two counties.


The inhabitants are called Forcalquiérens.


Forcalquier is built around the slopes of a steep conical hill, crowned by an octagonal chapel, Notre Dame de Provence, where the medieval citadel once stood. The citadel was destroyed in 1601; the chapel with its panoramic view was built in 1875. It has a carillon that can be heard every Sunday morning during the summer.

The oldest part of the town is the area around the Place Saint-Michel with its Renaissance fountain (1511) and its narrow side-streets. There many doorways dating to the 12th to 16th centuries can be found.

The present commercial and social center of town, the Place du Bourguet, is located below the Place St. Michel. The 12th century "concathedral" Notre Dame de l'Assomption with its bell towers stands across from the Place du Bourguet.

The Cordeliers Convent was built in the 13th century by Franciscans named "cordeliers" because of their rope belts. This convent was occupied by monks continuously until the Revolution. It now houses the Université Européenne des Senteurs & Saveurs. The Port de Cordeliers is all that remains of the town's fortified walls.

Monday morning is market day in Forcalquier. The market fills the Place du Bourguet and the adjoining streets.

Noteworthy is the Musée Municipal with its prehistoric and Gallo-Roman artifacts, glass works, and faïence pottery from Mane, Apt and Moustiers-Sainte-Marie.


International relations

Forcalquier is officially twinned with:

See also



External links

  • Tourism office website
  • Provence Beyond: Forcalquier
  • Provence Web: Forcalquier
  • Radio Zinzine: Public radio located in Forcalquier
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.