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Fourth United States Congress

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Title: Fourth United States Congress  
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Fourth United States Congress

4th United States Congress
Congress Hall (2007)

Duration: March 4, 1795 – March 4, 1797

Senate President: John Adams
Senate Pres. pro tem: Henry Tazewell
Samuel Livermore
William Bingham
House Speaker: Jonathan Dayton
Members: 30-32 (two additions)(with 0-4 vacancies) Senators
106-107 (one additions)(with 0-8 vacancies) Representatives
1 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Federalist
House Majority: Democratic-Republican

Sessions
Special: June 8, 1795 – June 26, 1795
1st: December 7, 1795 – June 1, 1796
2nd: December 5, 1796 – March 3, 1797
<3rd 5th>


The Fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from March 4, 1795 to March 4, 1797, during the last two years of George Washington's Presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the First Census of the United States in 1790. The Senate had a Federalist majority, and the House had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Major events

Major legislation

Treaties ratified

States admitted

  • June 1, 1796: 491

Party summary

This was the first Congress to have organized political parties. Details on changes are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

Template:USCongress Party summary

House of Representatives

Template:USCongress Party summary

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1796; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1798; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1800.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress

Senate

There were 10 resignations, 2 new seats, and 1 election to replace an appointee. There was a 1-seat gain for both the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans.


Template:Ordinal US Congress Senate

|- | Georgia
(2) | style="background:#AACC99" | James Jackson (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned sometime in 1795 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | George Walton (F) | Appointed November 16, 1795 |- | Georgia
(2) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | George Walton (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Interim appointment expired February 20, 1796 with an election | style="background:#AACC99" | Josiah Tattnall (DR) | Elected February 20, 1796 |- | Connecticut
(1) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Oliver Ellsworth (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 8, 1796 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | James Hillhouse (F) | Elected March 12, 1796 |- | New York
(2) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Rufus King (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned May 23, 1796, having been appointed Minister to England | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | John Laurance (F) | Elected November 9, 1796 |- | Massachusetts
(2) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Caleb Strong (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned June 1, 1796 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Theodore Sedgwick (F) | Elected June 11, 1796 |- | Massachusetts
(1) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | George Cabot (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned June 9, 1796 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Benjamin Goodhue (F) | Elected June 11, 1796 |- | Connecticut
(3) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Jonathan Trumbull, Jr. (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned June 10, 1796 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Uriah Tracy (F) | Elected October 13, 1796 |- | Tennessee
(1) | rowspan=2 | New seat | rowspan=2 style="font-size:80%" | Tennessee was admitted to the Union | style="background:#AACC99" | William Cocke (DR) | rowspan=2 | Elected August 2, 1796 |- | Tennessee
(2) | style="background:#AACC99" | William Blount (DR) |- | Vermont
(1) | style="background:#AACC99" | Moses Robinson (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned October 15, 1796 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Isaac Tichenor (F) | Elected October 18, 1796 |- | Maryland
(1) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Richard Potts (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned October 24, 1796 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | John E. Howard (F) | Elected November 30, 1796 |- | South Carolina
(2) | style="background:#AACC99" | Pierce Butler (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned October 25, 1796 | style="background:#AACC99" | John Hunter (DR) | Elected December 8, 1796 |- | New Jersey
(2) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Frederick Frelinghuysen (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 12, 1796 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Richard Stockton (F) | Elected November 12, 1796 |}

House of Representatives

There were 9 resignations, 1 death of a Representative-elect, and 1 new seat. There was a 1-seat gain for both the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans.


Template:Ordinal US Congress Rep

|- | Pennsylvania
4th
| Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Representative-elect James Morris died subsequent to the election | style="background:#AACC99" | John Richards (DR) | Seated January 18, 1796 |- | Maryland
3rd
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Jeremiah Crabb (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned sometime in 1796 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | William Craik (F) | Seated December 5, 1796 |- | Rhode Island
At-large
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Benjamin Bourne (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned sometime in 1796 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Elisha Potter (F) | Seated December 19, 1796 |- | Massachusetts
1st
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Theodore Sedgwick (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned sometime in 1796, having been elected U.S. Senator | style="background:#AACC99" | Thomson Skinner (DR) | Seated January 27, 1797 |- | Maryland
2nd
| style="background:#AACC99" | Gabriel Duvall (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 28, 1796, having been elected judge of the Supreme Court of Maryland | style="background:#AACC99" | Richard Sprigg, Jr. (DR) | Seated May 5, 1796 |- | North Carolina
4th
| style="background:#AACC99" | Absalom Tatom (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned June 1, 1796 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | William Strudwick (F) | Seated December 13, 1796 |- | Massachusetts
10th
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Benjamin Goodhue (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned sometime in June 1796, having been elected U.S. Senator | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Samuel Sewall (F) | Seated December 7, 1796 |- | Connecticut
At-large
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | James Hillhouse (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 1, 1796, having been elected U.S. Senator | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | James Davenport (F) | Seated December 5, 1796 |- | Territory South of the River Ohio | James White | style="font-size:80%" | Served until June 1, 1796, when Tennessee was admitted to the Union. | colspan=2 | District eliminated |- | Tennessee
At-large
| New seat | style="font-size:80%" | Tennessee was admitted to the Union June 1, 1796. Seat remained vacant until December 5, 1796 | style="background:#AACC99" | Andrew Jackson (DR) | Seated December 5, 1796 |- | Pennsylvania
5th
| style="background:#AACC99" | Daniel Hiester (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 1, 1796 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | George Ege (F) | Seated December 8, 1796 |- | Connecticut
At-large
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Uriah Tracy (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned October 13, 1796, having been elected U.S. Senator | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Samuel Dana (F) | Seated January 3, 1797 |}

Officers

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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