World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Fox Theatre (Atlanta)

Fox Theatre
Address 660 Peachtree Street NE
United States
Owner Fox Theatre Inc.
Type Movie palace
Capacity 4,678
Screens 1
Opened  1929 (1929-MM)
Broadway Across America


Fox Theatre
Fox Theatre is located in Atlanta Midtown
Fox Theatre
location in Midtown Atlanta
Architect Olivier J. Vinour, Et al.
Architectural style Other
Governing body Private
Part of Fox Theatre Historic District (#78003178)
NRHP Reference # 74002230
Significant dates
Added to NRHP May 17, 1974[1]
Designated NHL May 11, 1976[2]

The Fox Theatre (often Fox Theatre Historic District.

The theater was originally planned as part of a large Shrine Temple as evidenced by its Moorish design. The 4,678 seat auditorium was ultimately developed as a lavish movie theater in the Fox Theatres chain and opened in 1929. It hosts a variety of cultural and artistic events including the Atlanta Ballet, a summer film series, and performances by national touring companies of Broadway shows. The venue also hosts occasional concerts by popular artists.


  • Architectural features 1
  • History 2
  • The Mighty Mo 3
  • Private residence 4
  • In popular culture 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Architectural features

View from nearby building showing notable architectural features

When the Fox Theatre first opened, the local newspaper described it as having, “a picturesque and almost disturbing grandeur beyond imagination”. It remains a showplace that impresses theatre-goers to this day. The principal architect of the project was Olivier Vinour of the firm Marye, Alger and Vinour.

The original architecture and décor of the Fox can be roughly divided into two architectural styles: Islamic architecture (building exterior, auditorium, Grand Salon, mezzanine Gentlemen’s Lounge and lower Ladies Lounge) and Egyptian architecture (Egyptian Ballroom, mezzanine Ladies Lounge and lower Gentlemen’s Lounge).

The 4,678-seat auditorium, which was designed for movies and live performances, replicates an Arabian courtyard complete with a night sky of 96 embedded crystal "stars" (a third of which flicker) and a projection of clouds that slowly drift across the "sky." A longstanding rumor that one of the stars was a piece of a Coca-Cola bottle was confirmed in June 2010 when two members of the theater's restoration staff conducted a search from within the attic above the auditorium ceiling.[3]

The Egyptian Ballroom is designed after a temple for Ramses II at Karnak while the mezzanine Ladies Lounge features a replica of the throne chair of King Tut and makeup tables that feature tiny Sphinxes. The Islamic sections feature a number of ablution fountains, which are currently kept dry.

Throughout the Fox there is extensive use of trompe l'oeil; "wooden" beams are actually plaster, paint that appears gold leaf is not, areas are painted and lit to appear to receive outside lighting, ornate fireplaces were never designed to have working chimneys, and what appears to be a giant Bedouin canopy in the auditorium is plaster and steel rods designed to help funnel sound to the farthest balcony.

The Fox Theatre gives regular tours of the Fox Theatre’s interior.


The Fox Theatre

Originally intended as the Yaarab Shrine Temple, the William Fox, who was building theaters around the country at the time. The theater opened on December 25, 1929, just two months after the stock market crash. After 125 weeks of talking pictures and stage entertainment, the Fox Theatre declared bankruptcy. It floundered financially during the 1930s and both William Fox and the Shriners lost their economic interests in the building.

In 1939, the movie perhaps most associated with Atlanta and the Georgian Terrace Hotel.

During the 1940s, the Fox acquired strong management and became one of the finest movie theaters in Atlanta. It was also at this time that the Egyptian Ballroom became Atlanta’s most popular public dance hall and hosted all the important big bands and country and western swing bands of the era. It was notable at that time for being the only theater in Atlanta allowing both white and black patrons. However, there was a separate black box office, entrance, and seating; the segregation wall in the middle of the second dress seating still remains, and the "colored" box office window stands unused at the back entrance. These are left in place for educational and historical purposes.

During the 1970s, several elements collided to bring about the Fox’s decline – white flight, the rise of suburban multiplex theaters, and changes in how films were distributed. In 1974, Southern Bell, the regional arm of AT&T, approached the owners of the theater with an offer to buy and with the intent of tearing it down and building a new headquarters on the site. A group was formed to save the theater and it was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in May 1974. The ensuing public outcry and massive campaign, including such entertainers as Liberace and Lynyrd Skynyrd (recording their first live album there and debuting guitarist Ed King's replacement, Steve Gaines, to the world), among other celebrities, resulted in the city refusing to issue a demolition permit. Ultimately, a complicated deal was brokered that prevented the Fox's demolition. The Southern Bell Building (now AT&T) was built on land adjacent to the theater on the building's west side. The U.S. Department of the Interior subsequently named the Fox a national historic landmark on May 26, 1976.

After the Fox was saved from demolition, a lengthy and expensive restoration process began. Luckily, much of the original décor had survived and new pieces were created with the help of old photographs. Today, the Fox appears much as it did when it opened, with some additions that were in the original plans but had to be scrapped in the 1920s due to financial constraints. Other changes have been made to bring the building up to current safety codes.

The Fox is now the only remaining movie palace in Atlanta. The Loew's Grand, Martin Cinerama, Georgia Cinerama, Paramount Theater, and the Roxy Theater, all once-famous Atlanta movie palaces, are gone, and others that opened in the 1960s have since been converted to multiplexes. The Fox Theatre, now run under the non-profit Atlanta Landmarks, Inc., currently hosts a multitude of cultural and artistic events, including the Atlanta Ballet's annual Nutcracker performances, a summer film series, and performances for various national touring companies of Broadway shows. Because of its origins as a movie house, the Fox has a shallow stage by theatrical standards and is unable -- without extensive but temporary alterations -- to accommodate some of the set pieces required by modern large scale shows such as The Lion King and Miss Saigon.

In June 2006, the theater installed a $130,000 digital cinema video projection system, which debuted with a showing of The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe on June 26, part of the Summer Film Festival. The sing-alongs that precede each feature are still shown by the Brenograph projector which was installed in 1929.

The Egyptian Ballroom and the Grand Salon are rented regularly for corporate and private functions, including banquets, fundraisers, weddings, trade shows and conventions. They are also both popular spots for proms for many area high schools. Notably, Oxford College of Emory University hosts its annual Fall Formal in the Egyptian Ballroom.

Every year since Atlanta Landmarks took over management in 1975, the Fox has generated an operating surplus. An estimated 750,000 people visit the Fox every year.

The Mighty Mo

Myghty Mo (opus 5566 / 1929 built) console

The Fox features a four manual (or keyboard) 42-rank Wurlitzer at Radio City Music Hall in New York City and was the largest theatre instrument built by Möller.

As a true

Larry Douglas Embury has been the theater's permanent Organist in Residence since 2002. In this capacity he presides over the Mighty Mo in performances during the Fox's summer film festival and the Virgil Fox. Fox had played a famous series of "Fox at the Fox" concerts on the Mighty Mo at the Fox Theatre in the 1970s.[6][7]

Private residence

The Fox also contains a 3,640-square-foot (338 m2) apartment that serves as the private residence of Joe Patten, who served as technical director from 1974 to 2004. Patten, who was born in 1927, was granted a lifetime rent-free lease to the apartment. Patten first became involved with the Fox when he volunteered to restore the theater's Moller pipe organ. He later was instrumental in the movement to save the Fox from demolition. The apartment occupies space previously used as an office by the Shriners, who had built the Fox as a meeting hall. The apartment's walls are 2 to 3 feet (0.91 m) thick, and a passageway leads from the bedroom to a former spotlight platform at the top of the auditorium. A separate entrance provides direct access to the street outside the theater.[8]

Patten's presence is credited with having saved the Fox from a fast-moving fire in April 1996. The pre-dawn blaze, which broke out in the attic wiring, caused $2 million in damage. Damage likely would have been greater if Patten had not been on site to call the fire department, said Alan Thomas, president of Atlanta Landmarks, the nonprofit agency that owns the Fox.

Atlanta Landmarks has no definite plan on how the apartment will be used after Patten's death. "We could use it for dressing space, rehearsal halls," Thomas told the Atlanta Journal-Constitution. "It's unlikely that we'd let anyone else live there."

On August 30, 2010, local news outlets reported a dispute between Patten and the non-profit Atlanta Landmarks which owns the theater. Mr. Patten reported that he was being evicted from his apartment by the group which he helped to found. Meanwhile the Atlanta Landmarks board in a statement to the public indicated their intent to draw a new lease which addressed Patten's health needs. They stated he remains welcome to live in the apartment.[9][10][11]

In popular culture

In the Constantine television series, the Fox Theatre was the location for the climax of the fourth episode "A Feast of Friends", where John Constantine and his mate Gary Lester lure Mnemoth into Lester's body to capture and eventually destroy the hunger demon.

See also


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  2. ^ "Fox Theatre (Atlanta)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-21.  (See also: site search results, and "Fox Theatre--Atlanta" page on
  3. ^ Swartz, Kristi E. (2 July 2010). "Myth no more: Coca-Cola bottle part of Fox Theatre's starlit sky". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. 
  4. ^ "Larry Douglas Embury" at
  5. ^ "Larry Embury at Fox" (PDF). The Organizer (November, 2002). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-12-29. 
  6. ^ "Fox at the Fox" program, September 2, 2002.
  7. ^ "Virgil Fox "SAVE the FOX" Concert (March 27, 1976)" at
  8. ^ Tagami, Kirsten (20 September 2007). "Phantom of the Fox". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.  (See also: site search results)
  9. ^ Kristi Swartz (30 August 2010). Phantom' likely leaving Fox Theatre after lease dispute"'". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on 2010-09-01. Retrieved 2011-12-27. 
  10. ^ "‘Phantom' misinformed, says Fox Theatre". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. 1 September 2010. Retrieved 2015-09-03. 
  11. ^ Carver, Darryl (31 August 2010). "'"New Lease for 'Phantom of the Fox. Fox 5 Atlanta. Archived from the original on 2010-08-31. 

External links

  • websiteFox TheatreOfficial
  • History of the Fox, The New Georgia Encyclopedia
  • Fox Theatre history, National Park Service
  • Encore Atlanta, the official show program of the Fox Theatre
  • Photos of the Fox Theatre: #1, #2, #3, #4, #5, #6, #7, #8, Atlanta Time Machine

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.