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Foxboro Stadium

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Title: Foxboro Stadium  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: 1994 FIFA World Cup, 1985 New England Patriots season, New England Patriots, 1994 FIFA World Cup Group D, List of 1994 FIFA World Cup matches
Collection: 1971 Establishments in Massachusetts, 1994 Fifa World Cup Stadiums, 2002 Disestablishments in Massachusetts, American Football Venues in Massachusetts, Boston College Eagles Football Venues, Boston Minutemen, Buildings and Structures in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, Defunct College Football Venues, Defunct Major League Soccer Stadiums, Defunct National Football League Venues, Defunct Soccer Venues in the United States, Demolished Sports Venues in Massachusetts, Fifa Women's World Cup Stadiums, Foxborough, Massachusetts, New England Patriots Stadiums, New England Revolution, North American Soccer League (1968–84) Stadiums, Soccer Venues in Massachusetts
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Foxboro Stadium

Foxboro Stadium
Former names Schaefer Stadium (1971-83)
Sullivan Stadium (1983-89)
Location Washington St. (Route 1)
Foxborough, MA 02035
Owner Stadium Management Corporation (New England Patriots, 1970-1988)
Robert Kraft (1988-2002)
Capacity 60,292
Surface Grass (1991–2001)
AstroTurf (197x–90)
Poly-Turf (1971–7x)
Broke ground September 23, 1970
Opened August 15, 1971
Closed January 19, 2002
Demolished Winter/Spring 2002
Construction cost US$7.1 million
($41.3 million in 2016 dollars[1])
Architect Robert M. Berg Associates Inc.[2]
General contractor J. F. White Construction[2]
New England Patriots (NFL) (1971–2001)
New England Revolution (MLS) (1996–2001)
New England Tea Men (NASL) (1978–80)
FIFA World Cup (1994)
Aerial view of Foxboro Stadium, with Gillette Stadium construction in bottom right.

Foxboro Stadium (originally Schaefer Stadium and later Sullivan Stadium) was an outdoor stadium established in 1971, located in Foxborough, Massachusetts, USA. It was a regular stadium for the NFL (football) and MLS (soccer), hosting the New England Patriots and New England Revolution respectively. It was the site of several games in the 1994 FIFA World Cup and the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup. The stadium was demolished in 2002 and replaced by Gillette Stadium and the Patriot Place shopping center.


  • History 1
    • Seating capacity 1.1
  • Playing surface 2
  • Naming rights 3
  • Notable events 4
    • US Cup 1992 matches 4.1
    • US Cup 1993 4.2
    • 1994 FIFA World Cup matches 4.3
    • US Cup 1995 4.4
    • US Cup 1996 4.5
    • MLS Cup '96 4.6
    • 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup matches 4.7
    • MLS Cup '99 4.8
    • 2000 Nike United States Cup matches 4.9
  • Closing 5
  • Notes and references 6


The stadium opened in August 1971 as Schaefer Stadium, primarily as the home venue for the renamed New England Patriots of the National Football League. The team was known as the Boston Patriots for its first eleven seasons 196070,[3] and had played in various stadiums in the Boston area. For six seasons, 19631968, the Patriots played in the venerable Fenway Park, home of baseball's Boston Red Sox.[4] Like most baseball stadiums, Fenway was poorly suited as a football venue. Its seating capacity was inadequate—only about 40,000 for football—and many seats had obstructed views.

The Boston Patriots played the 1969 season at Alumni Stadium at Boston College in Chestnut Hill, and the 1970 season (their first in the NFL) at Harvard Stadium in Boston's Allston neighborhood.[4]

The site was selected when the owners of Bay State Raceway donated the land, midway between Boston and Providence, Rhode Island. The general contractor who built the stadium was a Massachusetts-based company named J.F White Contracting Co.

Ground was broken in September 1970.[5] It cost only $7.1 million[5] (or $41.3 million in 2015 dollars)[6]—only $200,000 over budget.[7] Even allowing for this modest cost overrun, it was still a bargain price for a major sports stadium even by 1970s standards. This was because the Patriots received no funding from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts or the town of Foxborough; indeed, it was one of the few major-league stadiums of that era that was entirely privately funded.[5]

Seating capacity

  • 61,114 (1971)[8]
  • 60,999 (1972)[9]
  • 61,279 (1973–1977)[10]
  • 61,297 (1978–1983)[11]
  • 60,890 (1984–1987)[12]
  • 60,794 (1988–1994)[13]
  • 60,292 (1995–2001)[14]

Playing surface

Like the majority of outdoor sports venues built in North America in the 1970s, Foxboro Stadium was designed for the use of an artificial turf playing surface. The original field was Poly-Turf,[15] succeeded by AstroTurf. A natural grass field was installed before the start of the 1991 season.

Naming rights

The original name in 1971 was Schaefer Stadium for the brewery of that name in an early example of the sale of naming rights. When this agreement expired in 1983, Anheuser-Busch took over the rights. Instead of putting the name of one of its brands of beer on the stadium, Anheuser-Busch agreed to name it Sullivan Stadium in honor of the Sullivan family, majority owners of the Patriots. After the family sold their majority interest in the team to Victor Kiam, the stadium was officially renamed "Foxboro Stadium".[16] Although the official spelling of the town's name is "Foxborough", the shorter spelling was used for the stadium.[17]

Notable events

The venue hosted numerous significant soccer matches, including six games in the 1994 FIFA World Cup.[7] Foxboro Stadium was the last stadium where Diego Maradona scored a World Cup goal, in a memorable play against Greece, and where he last played in an official FIFA World Cup match against Nigeria on June 21, 1994.

The stadium hosted five games in the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup, the 1996 and 1999 MLS Cups, and the inaugural Founders Cup.

The stadium was also the venue at times for the home football games of Boston College and hosted numerous other outdoor events, primarily concerts, along with music festivals, including The Monsters of Rock Festival Tour and The Vans Warped Tour, as well as the WWF King of the Ring tournament in 1985 and 1986.

Sullivan stadium hosted The Who 1989 25th Anniversary Tour on 12th and 14 July 1989.

Metallica and Guns N' Roses brought the Guns N' Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour to the stadium on September 11, 1992, with Faith No More as their opening act.

Madonna performed her "Who's That Girl" tour here on July 9, 1987, to a sell out crowd. Bob Dylan and the Grateful Dead recorded a portion of their collaborative live album, entitled Dylan & the Dead, here on July 4, 1987. Pink Floyd played a two night stand in May 1988 (on one of the nights their inflatable pig was torn to shreds). They also played a three night sold out stand in May 1994 on their The Division Bell Tour which was recorded and readily available on bootleg. (The second night was filmed by MTV for promotional purposes.) The Dave Matthews Band played seven shows at the stadium from 1998 to 2001.

The Rolling Stones played three nights on September 27, 29 and October 1, 1989 also on September 4 and 5, 1994.

Additionally, in 1994, the Drum Corps International World Championships were held in the stadium.

US Cup 1992 matches

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Spectators
June 6, 1992  United States 1–1  Italy 26,874
June 7, 1992  Republic of Ireland 2–0  Portugal 41,227

US Cup 1993

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Spectators
June 9, 1993  United States 2–0  England 37,652

1994 FIFA World Cup matches

Date Time (EDT) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Spectators
June 21, 1994 12.30  Argentina 4–0  Greece Group D 54,456
June 23, 1994 19.30  Bolivia 0–0  South Korea Group C 54,453
June 25, 1994 16.00  Argentina 2–1  Nigeria Group D 54,453
June 30, 1994 19.30  Greece 0–2  Nigeria 53,001
July 5, 1994 13.00  Nigeria 1–2 (a.e.t.)  Italy Round of 16 54,367
July 9, 1994 12.00  Italy 2–1  Spain Quarterfinals 53,400

US Cup 1995

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Spectators
June 11, 1995  United States 3–2  Nigeria 22,578

US Cup 1996

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Spectators
June 8, 1996  United States 2–1  Republic of Ireland 25,332

MLS Cup '96

Date Time (EDT) Team #1 Result Team #2 Spectators
October 20, 1996 17.00 D.C. United 3–2 (aet) Los Angeles Galaxy 34,643

1999 FIFA Women's World Cup matches

Date Time (EDT) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
June 20, 1999 16.00  Norway 2–1  Russia Group C 23,298
19.30  Australia 1–1  Ghana Group D 14,867
June 27, 1999 16.30  Mexico 0–2  Italy Group B 50,484
19.00  United States 3-0  North Korea Group A 50,484
July 4, 1999 19:30  Norway 0-5  China PR Semi-finals 8,986

MLS Cup '99

Date Time (EDT) Team #1 Result Team #2 Spectators
November 21, 1999 15.00 D.C. United 2–0 Los Angeles Galaxy 44,910

2000 Nike United States Cup matches

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Spectators
June 6, 2000  United States 1–1  Republic of Ireland 16,319


By the late 1990s, Foxboro Stadium had become functionally obsolete by modern NFL standards. While it had very good sight lines, it had little else going for it. The facility was built cheaply as a "bare bones" stadium and had very few modern amenities. The stadium's plumbing was completely inadequate. After the toilets overflowed during its first game, stadium officials were forced to augment the permanent toilets with port-a-potties for the rest of the stadium's existence. It also lacked luxury boxes, an increasingly important source of revenue for other teams in the league. Most patrons had to sit on backless aluminum benches, as only a small fraction of the seats had chairbacks (painted blue, red and white near the 50-yard line). During heavy rains, the numerous unpaved spots in the parking lot turned to mud. It frequently took an hour or more to leave after games, as the stadium was built on the side of Route 1.[7]

With a capacity of just over 60,000, it was one of the smallest stadiums in the NFL. It was also almost completely exposed to the elements, meaning that there was almost no protection for the fans late in the season. During particularly cold winters, the benches froze. Additionally, the Sullivan family had lost millions promoting the Jackson Victory Tour in 1984. Due to their relatively modest wealth compared to other NFL owners, they pledged the stadium as collateral for the tour. Knowing that the revenue from the Patriots would not be nearly enough to service the debt, the Sullivans quietly put the team and the stadium on the market.[18] The Sullivans' financial picture didn't improve even when the Patriots made Super Bowl XX. With most of their money tied up in the team, they were forced to sell the Patriots to Victor Kiam in 1989. The stadium, however, lapsed into bankruptcy and was bought by paper magnate Robert Kraft.

When Kiam and Sullivan tried to sell the team to interests in Jacksonville, Kraft effectively stymied the deal by refusing to let the team out of an ironclad commitment to serve as the stadium's main tenant until 2001. As a result, when Kiam himself was crippled by financial troubles, he sold the Patriots to James Orthwein in 1992. After only two seasons, Orthwein tried to get out of the lease in order to clear the way for the Patriots to move to St. Louis, but Kraft refused to let the Patriots out of their lease. Orthwein then put the team on the market. However, due to the wording of the operating covenant, any prospective buyer would have had to negotiate with Kraft. With this in mind, Kraft swooped in and bought the team himself.

After 31 NFL seasons, Foxboro Stadium was scheduled to be demolished on December 23, 2001, the day after the Patriots' final home game. However, the Patriots made a stunning run to get into the playoffs and would go on to win their first Super Bowl. As a result, the stadium wasn't demolished until late January 2002, after the conclusion of the 2001 postseason. The last game played in the stadium, "The Tuck Rule Game", was played in a snow storm; a Patriots win against the Oakland Raiders, which famously featured an overturned fumble call based on the then applicable tuck rule in the final minutes. The stadium's former site became parking lots for its successor, Gillette Stadium, before being developed into the open-air shopping center Patriot Place.

Notes and references

  1. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ New England Is Their Third Name
  4. ^ a b They Played at Four Different Stadiums In Their First 11 Years
  5. ^ a b c FOXBORO STADIUM
  6. ^ Inflation Calculator
  7. ^ a b c Foulds, Alan (2005). Boston's Ballparks and Arenas.  
  8. ^ Will McDonough (September 3, 1972). "Bell Hopes Patriots Knock 'Em Around". Boston Globe. 
  9. ^ Al Harvin (October 16, 1972). "Riggins, Boozer Combine for 318 Yards; Jet Ground Game Crushes Patriots". New York Times. Retrieved November 27, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Patriot Goal: Field Winner". Rome News-Tribune. April 11, 1976. 
  11. ^ "Shoulder May Keep Griese From Returning This Year". Palm Beach Post. April 1, 1981. 
  12. ^ "Hannah May Miss Jets". The Lewiston Journal. October 26, 1984. 
  13. ^ "AFC East". USA Today. September 2, 1988. 
  14. ^ Bill Plaschke (September 11, 1995). "Dolphins Have Few Problems in 20-3 Victory". Los Angeles Times. 
  15. ^ Sports Illustrated - "Rug" - Scorecard - October 18, 1971
  16. ^ The League by David Harris
  17. ^ Ask PFW: Winning vs. whining
  18. ^  
Preceded by
Harvard Stadium
Home of the
New England Patriots

Succeeded by
Gillette Stadium
Preceded by
first stadium
Home of the
New England Revolution

Succeeded by
Gillette Stadium
Preceded by
Rose Bowl
Host of the MLS Cup
Succeeded by
RFK Stadium
RFK Stadium
Preceded by
Mississippi Veterans Memorial Stadium
Host of the
Drum Corps International
World Championship

Succeeded by
Rich Stadium
Preceded by
Three Rivers Stadium
Host of AFC Championship Game
Succeeded by
Three Rivers Stadium
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