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Francis Grenfell, 1st Baron Grenfell

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Francis Grenfell, 1st Baron Grenfell

The Lord Grenfell
Lord Grenfell
Born 29 April 1841
Swansea, Wales
Died 27 January 1925 (aged 83)
Windlesham, Surrey
Buried at Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire.
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1859–1908
Rank Field Marshal
Commands held Egyptian Army
4th Army Corps
Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
Battles/wars 9th Xhosa War
Anglo-Zulu War
Anglo-Egyptian War
Mahdist War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
Other work Pilgrims Society
Winchester Cathedral, memorial for Field Marshal Lord Grenfell

GCMG, PC (29 April 1841 – 27 January 1925) was a British Army officer. After serving as aide-de-camp to the Commander-in-Chief, South Africa, he fought in the 9th Xhosa War, the Anglo-Zulu War and then the Anglo-Egyptian War. He went on to become Sirdar (Commander-in-Chief) of the Egyptian Army and commanded the forces at the Battle of Suakin in December 1888 and at the Battle of Toski in August 1889 during the Mahdist War. After that he became Governor of Malta and then Commander-in-Chief, Ireland before retiring in 1908.

Contents

  • Early life and career 1
  • Military career 2
  • Family 3
  • Arms 4
  • Honours and Decorations 5
    • Foreign decorations 5.1
  • References 6
  • Sources 7
  • Further reading 8

Early life and career

Born the son of Pascoe St Leger Grenfell and Catherine Anne Grenfell (née Du Pre), Grenfell was educated at Milton Abbas School in Dorset but decided to leave school early.[1]

Military career

Grenfell purchased a commission as an ensign in the 3rd Battalion of the 60th Royal Rifles on 5 August 1859.[2] He then purchased promotion to lieutenant on 21 July 1863[3] and to captain (in the last year in which purchase was allowed) on 28 October 1871.[4] He became aide-de-camp to Sir Arthur Cunynghame, Commander-in-Chief, South Africa, in 1874.[5] After taking part in the Battle of Quintana in February 1878 during the 9th Xhosa War in 1878, he was promoted to brevet major on 11 November 1878.[6] He next fought at the Battle of Ulundi in July 1879 during the Anglo-Zulu War and then returned to England to become brigade major at Shorncliffe Army Camp shortly before he was promoted to brevet lieutenant colonel on 29 November 1879.[5] He became brigade major of an infantry brigade in South Africa in April 1881[7] and, having been promoted to the substantive rank of major on 1 July 1881,[8] he fought at the Battle of Tel el-Kebir in September 1882 during the Anglo-Egyptian War.[5] Promoted to brevet colonel on 18 November 1882, he was made aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria that same year.[1]

Grenfell became Deputy

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Evelyn Wood
Sirdar of the Egyptian Army
1885–1892
Succeeded by
Lord Kitchener
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Arthur Lyon Fremantle
Governor of Malta
1899–1903
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Clarke
Military offices
Preceded by
HRH The Duke of Connaught
Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
1904–1908
Succeeded by
Sir Neville Lyttelton
Preceded by
Sir Redvers Buller
Colonel-Commandant of the 2nd Battalion
King's Royal Rifle Corps

1898–1908
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Hutton
Preceded by
The Lord Chelmsford
Colonel of the 2nd Regiment of Life Guards
1905–1907
Succeeded by
The Earl of Dundonald
Preceded by
The Lord de Ros
Colonel of the 1st Regiment of Life Guards
1907–1920
Succeeded by
The Viscount Allenby
Preceded by
Sir Redvers Buller
Colonel-Commandant of the 1st Battalion
King's Royal Rifle Corps

1908–1925
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Morland
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Grenfell
1902–1925
Succeeded by
Pascoe Grenfell
  • Obituary in The Times, 28 January 1925
  • Grenfell, Lord (1925). Memoirs of Lord Grenfell. Hodder & Stoughton.  

Further reading

  • Heathcote, Tony (1999). The British Field Marshals 1736–1997. Barnsley (UK): Pen & Sword.  

Sources

  1. ^ a b "Francis Grenfell, 1st Baron Grenfell". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22295. p. 3005. 5 August 1859. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22755. p. 3618. 21 July 1863. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23789. p. 4386. 27 October 1871. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d Heathcote, p. 152
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24650. p. 6683. 28 November 1878. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24947. p. 1072. 8 March 1881. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24999. p. 3677. 26 July 1881. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25505. p. 4050. 25 August 1885. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25573. p. 1536. 30 March 1886. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25650. p. 5975. 26 November 1886. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25963. p. 4318. 9 August 1889. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  13. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 26291. p. 3139. 25 May 1892. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26544. p. 4867. 21 August 1894. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26958. p. 2439. 19 April 1898. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  16. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 27023. p. 6688. 15 November 1898. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27024. p. 6791. 18 November 1898. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27059. p. 1513. 3 March 1899. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27455. p. 4587. 18 July 1902. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27545. p. 2527. 21 April 1903. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 27666. p. 2302. 12 April 1904. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27676. p. 3083. 13 May 1904. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  23. ^ a b Heathcote, p. 153
  24. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 28401. p. 5473. 26 July 1910. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  25. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 28535. p. 7081. 26 September 1911. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  26. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25987. p. 5668. 25 October 1889. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  27. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28020. p. 3192. 10 May 1907. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  28. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27023. p. 6692. 15 November 1898. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  29. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28940. p. 8254. 16 October 1914. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  30. ^ The Pilgrims of Great Britain: A Centennial History (2002) – Anne Pimlott Baker, ISBN 1-86197-290-3
  31. ^ "Francis Grenfell, 1st Baron Grenfell". Find-a-Grave. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  32. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.510
  33. ^ "University intelligence" The Times (London). Wednesday, 28 May 1902. (36779), p. 12.
  34. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25591. p. 2572. 28 May 1886. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  35. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25817. p. 2828. 18 May 1888. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  36. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26310. p. 4247. 26 July 1892. Retrieved 17 August 2013.

References

Grenfell was awarded the Order of the Medjidie (second class) and the Order of Osmanieh (third class) on 27 May 1886.[34] He was advanced to the Order of the Medjidie (first class) on 17 May 1888[35] and to the Order of Osmanieh (first class) on 25 July 1892.[36]

Foreign decorations

  • GCB: Knigh Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath - 15 November 1898[16]
  • GCMG: Knight Grand Cross of the [13]

Honours and Decorations

Arms of Grenfell: Gules, on a fess between three clarions or a mural crown of the first.[32]

Arms of Grenfell

Arms

In 1887 Grenfell married Evelyn Wood, daughter of Major General Robert Blucher Wood; they had no children. Following the death of his first wife, he married Margaret Majendie (daughter of Lewis Majendie MP) in 1903; they had two sons and a daughter.[23]

Family

Grenfell served as colonel of the 1st Surrey (South London) Regiment,[26] colonel of the 2nd Regiment of Life Guards and then colonel of the 1st Regiment of Life Guards[27] as well as, latterly, colonel commandant the King's Royal Rifle Corps[28] and colonel of the King's Own Malta Regiment of Militia.[29] He was also a founding committee member of the Pilgrims Society in 1902.[30] He died aged 83 at Windlesham in Surrey on 27 January 1925 and was buried at St Mary and All Saints Churchyard at Beaconsfield in Buckinghamshire.[31]

[25] Returning to England Grenfell became Deputy Adjutant-General at the

The Battle of Toski, at which Grenfell commanded the British forces, during the Mahdist War

[13]

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