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Franz Six

Franz Six
Franz Six at the Nuremberg Trials.
Born (1909-08-12)12 August 1909
Mannheim, Germany
Died 9 July 1975(1975-07-09) (aged 65)
Bolzano, Italy
Allegiance Nazi Germany
Service/branch Allgemeine SS
Years of service 1930-1945
Rank SS-Brigadeführer
Commands held 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich c.1941
Einsatzgruppe B
RSHA: Amt VII Written Records.
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Coburg Badge
Blood Order

Dr. Franz Alfred Six (12 August 1909 – 9 July 1975) was a Nazi official who rose to the rank of SS-Brigadeführer. He was appointed by Reinhard Heydrich to head department Amt VII, Written Records of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA). In 1940, he was appointed to direct state police operations in an occupied Great Britain following invasion.[1]

Contents

  • Academic career 1
  • Nazi official 2
  • Einsatzgruppen 3
  • Retirement 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7

Academic career

Franz Six completed his classical High School in 1930, and proceeded to the University of Heidelberg to study sociology and politics. His late graduation was due to the fact he had to drop out of school from time to time to earn the money needed to graduate.[2] He graduated with a degree of Doctor in philosophy in 1934. In 1936, Six earned the high degree of Dr.phil.habil. and began teaching at the University of Königsberg where he also took up the position of Press Director for the German Student's Association.[3] By 1939, he had become chair for Foreign Political Science at the University of Berlin and was its first Dean of the faculty for Foreign Countries.

Nazi official

Six joined the Nazi Party in 1930 with member number 245,670 and the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) in 1935 and his SS membership number was 107,480.[4] Impressed by his academic achievements and outstanding curriculum, Reinhard Heydrich appointed him as head of Amt VII, Written Records of the RSHA which dealt mainly with ideological tasks. These included the creation of anti-semitic, anti-masonic propaganda, the sounding of public opinion and monitoring of Nazi indoctrination by the public. He held this post until 1943 when he was succeeded by Paul Dittel.[5]

On 17 September 1940, the same day on which Freemasons, the Jehovah's Witnesses and even the Boy Scouts.

Franz Six was also charged with the creation of six Einsatzgruppen to be located in London, Manchester, Birmingham, Bristol, Liverpool and either Edinburgh or Glasgow. These death squads would be charged with the elimination of civilian resistance members and Jews all over Great Britain.

Einsatzgruppen

After the Bundesnachrichtendienst, in the 1950s.[6]

Retirement

Franz Six retired to Friedrichshafen in southern Germany. He worked as a publicity/advertising executive for Porsche. In 1960, he was interviewed by British journalist Comer Clarke for his book England Under Hitler (referenced below under further reading).

Six was called as one of four witnesses by defense attorney Robert Servatius in the 1961 trial in Israel of Adolf Eichmann, and gave his testimony by deposition in West Germany. Servatius had wanted to have Six appear in person, but Prosecutor Gideon Hausner stated that the former Nazi general would be subject to arrest as a war criminal.[7] Six's testimony was introduced in Eichmann's defense, but proved to be of more help to the prosecution.[8]

Franz Six died in 1975.

See also

References

  1. ^ William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, pp. 1027-28.
  2. ^ Lampe, David & Sheffield, Gary, The Last Ditch: Britain's Secret Resistance and the Nazi Invasion Plan, MBI Publishing Company, 2007, p. 21.
  3. ^ Müller-Hill, Benno, 'The Idea of the Final Solution and the Role of Experts', in Cesarani, David, The Final Solution: Origins and Implementation,Routledge, 1994, p. 67.
  4. ^ Biondi, Robert, ed., SS Officers List: SS-Standartenführer to SS-Oberstgruppenführer (As of 30 January 1942), Schiffer Military History Publishing, 2000, p. 26.
  5. ^ Dittel biography
  6. ^ Historical Analysis of 20 Name Files from CIA Records By Dr. Richard Breitman, Professor of History, American University, IWG Director of Historical Research, April, 2001. Retrieved Feb 19, 2010.
  7. ^ "Telling Points Are Scored in Adolf Eichmann Trial," Bridgeport Sunday Post, 7 May 1961, pD-10
  8. ^ "Eichmann Admits He Knew Some Jews Going to Deaths," Abilene Reporter-News, 12 July 1961, p.14-A

Further reading

  • Clarke, Comer England Under Hitler: Revealed at Last—The Secret Nazi Plans for the Rape of England, New York:1961 Ballantine Books (paperback edition)
  • Hachmeister, Lutz Der Gegnerforscher. Die Karriere des SS-Führers Franz Alfred Six, Munich 1998
  • Norbert Wójtowicz, Franz Alfred Six - narodowo-socjalistyczny spec od masonerii, "Wolnomularz Polski", Jesień 2012, nr 52, ss. 38-40.
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