World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Free-minded Union

Article Id: WHEBN0032180963
Reproduction Date:

Title: Free-minded Union  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bavarian Peasants' League, Liberal Union (Germany), Christian Social Party (Germany), Social Democratic Party of Germany
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Free-minded Union

Free-minded Union
Founded 1893
Dissolved 1910
Split from German Free-minded Party
Merged into Progressive People's Party
Ideology Classical liberalism,
Economic liberalism,
Social liberalism,
National liberalism
Political position Centrism

The Free-minded Union (German: Freisinnige Vereinigung) was a liberal party in the German Empire that existed from 1893 to 1910.


Inside its predecessor, the Ludwig Bamberger and Theodor Barth, left voluntarily, and formed the Free-minded Union. The left liberal wing of the Free-mindeds, loyal to Richter, assembled in the Free-minded People's Party

The new party focused on classically and economically liberal positions. In the federal election 1893 it won 13 seats. The union was initially more a loose electoral alliance than a real party. Its organisational structure was very weak. Its stronghold were in northern and eastern Germany.

Together with the governing National Liberal Party and unlike the German Free-minded Party, the Free-minded Union supported the Imperial Navy arms race and the German colonial policy.

Merger with the National-Social Association

In 1903, the electoral unsuccessful, social liberal and progressive Christian Joseph Chamberlain, the party tended now to compassion towards the masses of the working class, but also tried to strengthen the German national position outwards by closing the ranks of the middle and working classes. This was compatible with the union's liberal nationalist line. The gain of the National Socials' local structures led to a development of a loose notables' association towards a members' party. However, the party could not really win the support of the working class and did not become a major party.

Merger into the Progressive People's Party

From 1905 on, the Free-minded Union cooperated increasingly with the other left liberals, Free-minded People's Party and the German People's Party. In 1907, the three parties drafted a common electoral program for the elections to the Reichstag. Afterwards, they formed a common parliamentary group, which was part of the pro-government imperialist Bülow-Bloc together with the conservatives and National liberals. The party's own left wing and pacifist faction, including Theodor Barth, Hellmut von Gerlach, Rudolf Breitscheid, and feminist Helene Lange, were discontent with this step and left to form the Democratic Union.

In 1910 the Free-minded Union, Free-minded People's Party and German People's Party merged into the Progressive People's Party.

External links

Preceded by
German Free-minded Party
liberal German parties
Succeeded by
Progressive People's Party
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.