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Freycinet National Park

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Freycinet National Park

Freycinet National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Wineglass Bay
Freycinet National Park is located in Tasmania
Freycinet National Park
Freycinet National Park
State Tasmania
Nearest town or city Swansea
Coordinates
Area 169 km2 (65.3 sq mi)
Established 1916
Visitation 200,000 [1] (in 2008)
Managing authorities Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service
Official site Freycinet National Park
See also Protected areas of Tasmania
Wineglass Bay and The Hazards from Mt Amos peak
The Hazards from the southern section of Hazard Beach

Freycinet is a national park on the east coast of Tasmania, Australia, 125 km northeast of Hobart. It occupies a large part of the Freycinet Peninsula, named after French navigator Louis de Freycinet, and Schouten Island.

Bordering the national park is the small settlement of Coles Bay, and the largest close town is Swansea. Freycinet contains part of the rugged Tasmanian coastline and includes the secluded Wineglass Bay, voted by several travel authorities as one of the world's ten best beaches. Famous features of the park include its red and pink granite formations and a series of jagged granite peaks in a line, called "The Hazards".

Founded in 1916, Freycinet is Tasmania's oldest park, along with Mount Field National Park.

Within the park Federal Hotels owns and operates Freycinet Lodge.

Contents

  • Flora 1
  • Fauna 2
  • Geology 3
  • Climate 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Flora

49 species endemic to Tasmania are found at Freycinet.[2]

Fauna

Mammals found include the Brushtail Possum, Ringtail Possum, Sugar Glider, Eastern Pygmy Possum, Little Pygmy Possum, Echidna, Wombats, New Holland Mouse, Swamp rat, Water rat, Tasmanian Bettong and the Long-nosed Potoroo.[2] The Tasmanian Devil was once common at the park, but has seen a significant drop in density due to the Devil facial tumour disease. Cetaceans such as Southern Right Whale, Humpback Whale, and Bottlenose Dolphins are known to use the bay to feed, calve or to take rests.

Geology

Devonian Granite is the dominant rock type at Freycinet.[2] Orthoclase, a pink feldspar gives the mountains and coastline their characteristic pink tint.[2] Black micas and white quartz are also found.[2] The western side of Schouten Island is composed of Jurassic Dolerite.[2]

Climate

The park receives on average 600 mm (23.6 in.) of rain per year. It has a climate similar to that of France with on average more than 300 days of sunshine.[3]
Climate data for Friendly Beaches
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.4
(97.5)
37.0
(98.6)
37.0
(98.6)
31.4
(88.5)
24.0
(75.2)
21.0
(69.8)
19.0
(66.2)
23.5
(74.3)
27.0
(80.6)
32.7
(90.9)
35.0
(95)
37.0
(98.6)
37.0
(98.6)
Average high °C (°F) 22.8
(73)
22.6
(72.7)
21.4
(70.5)
18.6
(65.5)
16.1
(61)
14.1
(57.4)
13.7
(56.7)
14.7
(58.5)
16.7
(62.1)
18.0
(64.4)
19.5
(67.1)
21.8
(71.2)
18.3
(64.9)
Average low °C (°F) 13.1
(55.6)
13.2
(55.8)
11.8
(53.2)
9.6
(49.3)
8.3
(46.9)
6.4
(43.5)
5.7
(42.3)
6.1
(43)
7.5
(45.5)
8.6
(47.5)
10.0
(50)
11.6
(52.9)
9.3
(48.7)
Record low °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
7.2
(45)
5.3
(41.5)
1.0
(33.8)
−1.1
(30)
0.0
(32)
−0.5
(31.1)
−0.1
(31.8)
1.2
(34.2)
1.2
(34.2)
3.0
(37.4)
5.5
(41.9)
−1.1
(30)
Precipitation mm (inches) 61.2
(2.409)
60.3
(2.374)
53.7
(2.114)
50.3
(1.98)
47.0
(1.85)
36.2
(1.425)
48.5
(1.909)
48.7
(1.917)
33.3
(1.311)
65.2
(2.567)
58.8
(2.315)
36.6
(1.441)
601.7
(23.689)
Source: Bureau of Meteorology [4]



See also

References

  1. ^ "Independent, tourism-related Web site for Tasmania". Michael Lichon. Retrieved 2,009-05-09. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f TASMAP - Freycinet National Park. DPIW. 
  3. ^ Hema Maps (1997). Discover Australia's National Parks.  
  4. ^ "Climate Statistics for Friendly Beaches". Australian Government. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 2 June 2009. 

External links

  • Official site
  • Coles Bay information website
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