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Friedrich-Karl "Nasen" Müller

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Friedrich-Karl "Nasen" Müller

For other people of the same name, see Friedrich-Karl Müller.
Friedrich-Karl Müller
Nickname Die Nase
Born (1912-12-04)4 December 1912
Sulzbach, Germany
Died 2 November 1987(1987-11-02) (aged 74)
Germany
Allegiance Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Years of service 1934–1945
Rank Major
Unit KGz.b. V 172, KG 50, NJ Kdo, JG Hermann, JG 300, NJGr 10, NJG 11
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Friedrich-Karl Müller — "Nasen-Müller" — (4 December 1912 – 2 November 1987) was one of the most successful Luftwaffe night fighter aces during World War II.[Notes 1]

Early career

He first received flying training in 1934 and joined the German airline Deutsche Lufthansa. At the beginning of World War ΙΙ, Müller was posted to KG z.b.V. 172 as a transport pilot flying the Junkers Ju 52. He was promoted to Feldwebel and assigned to 5./KG z.b.V. 172. After participating in the Polish campaign, in February 1940, Müller became an instructor at Blindflugschule 4 and promoted to Leutnant. He served with Blindflugschule 7 from September until December 1942, when he moved to I gruppe, Kampfgeschwader 50 as Technical Officer, the unit being equipped with the new Heinkel He 177 heavy bomber.

Entry into Night Fighting

In summer 1943, Müller joined Hajo Herrmann as part of the latter's experimental Wilde Sau single-engine night fighting unit Stab/Versuchskommando Herrmann. Herrmann considered Müller an ideal candidate for the role because of his blind flying instructing experience.

On the night of 3/4 July, Müller recorded his first Wilde Sau victory, a Halifax near Cologne. On the night of 22 October, Müller's fighter suffered engine failure, and he was slightly injured after baling out. In mid August Müller was appointed Technical Officer of JG 300.

He claimed two victories on 11 August 1943, both Halifax bombers near Heidelberg. Two Lancasters was claimed near Swinemünde on 17 August 1943 and two Stirlings were claimed downed over Berlin on 24 August 1943. Muller then claimed a Lancaster SE of Munich on 7 September 1943.

By November 1943, Müller was Staffelkapitän of 1./JG 300 and had 19 night victories to his credit. In January 1944, Müller was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of 1./Nachtjagdgruppe 10 (NJGr 10) and was charged with evaluating all aspects of technical and tactical experimentation concerning single-engined night fighting, especially countering operations by the RAF's Mosquito fast bomber. Hauptmann Müller was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 27 July 1944 for 23 victories.

He then became commander of I./Nachtjagdgeschwader 11 (NJG 11) on 25 August 1944. Müller continued to fly against the RAF night bomber streams, sometimes flying a personal Bf 109G-14 uniquely fitted with an oblique-mounted MG 151/20 cannon in a Schräge Musik installation behind the cockpit. Muller claimed a Mosquito near Eindhoven on 23 August 1944 and a Lancaster over Frankfurt on 12 September 1944. A double victory was claimed over Lancasters on 4 December 1944. The Mosquito was type B-XX, KB242 of 608 squadron RAF Downham Market flown by Flt Lt SD Webb RCAF and the navigator was F/O John Campbell RAFVR. The badly damaged Mosquito crash landed at RAF Woodbridge at 01:10 hours.

By late 1944 and into 1945, Müller flew numerous nocturnal ground attack missions against Allied railway targets and supply columns. His last known victories were both on 21 February 1945.

Towards the end of the war, I./NJG 11 received a few Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighters to experiment with in night interceptions.

Müller survived the war and died on 2 November 1987.

Müller was one of the leading single-seat night fighter aces with 30 night victories ( and three unconfirmed) claimed in 52 missions.

Awards

Notes

References

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