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Title: Gávea  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Rio de Janeiro, American School of Rio de Janeiro, Saudades do Brasil, Bairro de Fátima, Fazenda Botafogo
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Gávea is located in Rio de Janeiro
Location in Rio de Janeiro
Country  Brazil
State Rio de Janeiro (RJ)
Municipality/City Rio de Janeiro
Zone South Zone

Gávea is an affluent residential neighborhood located in the South Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It borders the São Conrado, Rio de Janeiro, Leblon, Rio de Janeiro, Lagoa and Jardim Botânico neighborhoods and is famous for its high concentration of artists and intellectuals. PUC-Rio, one of the most important universities of the Rio de Janeiro state, as well as several schools are located in the neighborhood. Gávea is well known because of the "Baixo Gávea" area, which is considered a Bohemian quarter and which is frequented by the city's youth.

The first Europeans to have lived in what would become the neighborhood were the French, who came to extract Brazilwood. On July 16, 1565, the neighbourhood was named Gávea for the first time, by Estácio de Sá.


The neighborhood is named Gávea (which means topsail in Portuguese) because of an 852m height peak (Gávea Rock, or Pedra da Gávea) which resembles the topsail of the carrack, a sailing ship.


The Hipódromo da Gávea is a horse racing venue located in the neighborhood. Estádio da Gávea the home of CR Flamengo football club, despite being named after the neighborhood, is actually located in Lagoa neighborhood. Gávea was the site of a street circuit that hosted Grand Prix racing in the 1930s and 40s.


  • Much of the content of this article comes from the equivalent Portuguese-language WorldHeritage article (retrieved on January 2, 2006).

External links

  • Os Bairros (the districts of Rio de Janeiro, in Portuguese)
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