World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Gaecheonjeol

Gaecheonjeol
Official name Gaecheonjeol
Also called National Foundation Day
Observed by South Koreans
Type National
Significance Celebrates the founding of the state of Gojoseon
Date 3 October
Next time 3 October 2016 (2016-10-03)
Gaecheonjeol
Hangul 개천절
Hanja 開天節
Revised Romanization Gaecheonjeol
McCune–Reischauer Kaech'ǒnjǒl

Gaecheonjeol (Korean: 개천절, hanja: 開天節) is a public holiday in South Korea on 3 October. Also known by the English name National Foundation Day, this holiday celebrates the formation of the first Korean state of Gojoseon in 2333 BC. This date has traditionally been regarded as the date for the founding of the Korean nation.

Gaecheonjeol is also recognized in North Korea, although not as a public holiday, with an annual ceremony at the Mausoleum of Tangun, the founder of Gojoseon.

Origin

Gaecheon ("Opening of Heaven") refers to 3 October 2457 BCE, the date when Hwanung (환웅) descended from heaven to live with mankind.[1]

The harvest ceremony was celebrated in the Korean realms; Yeonggo (영고) of Buyeo; Mucheon (무천) of Yemaek; Gyeeum (계음) of Mahan and Byeonhan; Dongmaeng (동맹) of Goguryeo; and Palgwanheoi (팔관회) of Silla.

In 1909, Gaecheonjeol was enacted as a national holiday.[2] At first, the holiday was observed on the third day of the 10th month on the lunar calendar, but it has been fixed on 3 October of the solar Gregorian calendar since 1949.

See also

References

  1. ^ 개천절(Gaecheonjeol) Encyclopedia of Korean Culture
  2. ^ 개천절(Gaecheonjeol) Doosan Encyclopedia
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.