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Gaius Marcius Rutilus

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Title: Gaius Marcius Rutilus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of Roman consuls, Roman censor, Rutilius, Marcii, Marcius Censorinus
Collection: 4Th-Century Bc Romans, 4Th-Century Bc Rulers, Ancient Roman Dictators, Ancient Roman Generals, Marcii, Roman Republican Consuls
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Gaius Marcius Rutilus

Gaius Marcius Rutilus (also seen as "Rutulus") was the first plebeian dictator and censor of ancient Rome, and was consul four times.

He was first elected consul in 357 BC, then appointed as dictator the following year in order to deal with an invasion by the Etruscans which had reached as far as the ancient salt-works on the coast. He surprised the enemy's camp, captured 8,000 of the enemy and drove the rest out of Roman territory,[1] for which he was granted a triumph by the people, against the Senate's wishes.[1]

Rutilus was again elected consul in 352 BC. At the end of his term, he ran for censor and won, despite patrician opposition. He was also consul in 344 BC and 342 BC, when he led the army in the Samnite Wars.

His son of the same name was tribune of the plebs in 311 BC and consul in 310 BC.[2] According to Fergus Millar, this son was one of the first plebeian augurs under the Lex Ogulnia and also held the position of censor twice, the first time in 294 BC and the second time in 265 BC.[3]



  1. ^ a b Antony Kamm, The Romans, An Introduction, p. 13.
  2. ^ T.P. Wiseman says that it was not his son, but Marcius Rutilus himself who was consul in 310; see "Satyrs in Rome?" Journal of Roman Studies 78 (1988), p. 4.
  3. ^ Fergus Millar, The Roman Republic and Augustan Revolution

Preceded by
Gaius Fabius Ambustus and Gaius Plautius Proculus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Gnaeus Manlius Capitolinus Imperiosus
357 BC
Succeeded by
Marcus Fabius Ambustus and Marcus Popillius Laenas
Preceded by
Gaius Sulpicius Peticus and Marcus Valerius Poplicola
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Publius Valerius Poplicola
352 BC
Succeeded by
Gaius Sulpicius Peticus and Titus Quinctius Poenus Capitolinus Crispinus
Preceded by
Marcus Fabius Dorsuo and Servius Sulpicius Camerinus Rufus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Titus Manlius Imperiosus Torquatus
344 BC
Succeeded by
Marcus Valerius Corvus and Aulus Cornelius Cossus Arvina
Preceded by
Marcus Valerius Corvus and Aulus Cornelius Cossus Arvina
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Quintus Servilius Ahala
342 BC
Succeeded by
Gaius Plautius Venox and Lucius Aemilius Mamercinus Privernas
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