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Gangotri National Park

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Title: Gangotri National Park  
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Subject: Uttarkashi, Gangotri (disambiguation), Geography of Uttarakhand, Betula utilis, Gangotri
Collection: National Parks of Uttarakhand, Uttarkashi
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Gangotri National Park

Gangotri National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of Gangotri National Park
Location Uttarkashi District Uttarakhand, India
Nearest city Uttarkashi
Area 2,390 (2,390.02) km²
Governing body Forest Department of Uttarakhand government
Gangotri National Park

Gangotri National Park is a national park located in Uttarkashi District Uttarakhand, India. The size of this national park is about 2,390 square km.[1] The park provides majestic beauty of coniferous forests and grandeur of glacial world combined with lush green meadows.


  • Flora 1
  • Fauna 2
  • Tourism 3
  • Geography 4
  • Ecology 5
  • References 6


The park harbors Western Himalayan su conifer forests at lower elevations and Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows at higher elevations. Vegetation consist of chirpine deodar, fir, spruce, oak and rhododendrons.


So far 15 species of mammals and 150 bird species have been documented in the park (Paramanand et al. 2000). This includes some of the rare and charismatic species such as snow leopard (Uncia uncia), black bear (Selenarctos thibetanus), brown bear (Ursus arctos), musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster), blue sheep or bharal (Pseudois nayaur), Himalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus), Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus), Koklass (Pucrasia macrolopha) and Himalayan snowcock (Tetraogallus himalayensis).

This park is home to the snow leopard, ibex, tahr, Himalayan barbet, serow, pheasants, partridges, doves, pigeons, etc.


In the months from April to October, tourism in the national park is at its peak. The head of railways and airport is Dehradun. The nearest railway station is 210 kilometres while nearest airport is 220 kilometres from the national park. Also Harsil is the nearest town (30 km).


The Gangotri National Park (GNP) (Lat. 78°45’ to 79°02’ East and 30°50’ to 31°12’ North) is located in the upper catchment of glaciers and narrow valleys characterize the area. There is a high variation in the elevation gradients from 1,800 to 7,083m, which in turn reflects in the diverse biomes, from subtropical communities to alpine meadows.


The Gangotri National Park is typical of high altitude wildlife perspective. The ground vegetation, although drying, is suggestive of high ground biomass in this area, and the recorded ground vegetative cover ranges from 10 to 50% (average = 25%).


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