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Germinal (French Republican Calendar)

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Germinal (French Republican Calendar)

Germinal (French pronunciation: ​) was the seventh month in the French Republican Calendar. The month was named after the Latin word germen, "germination". Germinal was the first month of the spring quarter (mois de printemps). It started March 21 or March 22, and ended April 19 or April 20. It follows Ventôse and precedes Floréal.

In the context of the French Revolution, Germinal sometimes refers to the downfall and execution of the Indulgents, Camille Desmoulins, which took place during Germinal of 1794, four months before the Thermidorian Reaction in which Robespierre himself was executed. The events of Germinal 1794 signaled the beginning of the end of the Reign of Terror.



Day name table

Like all FRC months, Germinal lasted 30 days and was divided into three 10-day weeks called décades (decades). Every day had the name of an agricultural plant, except the 5th (Quintidi) and 10th day (Decadi) of every decade, which had the name of a domestic animal (Quintidi) or an agricultural tool (Decadi). The 26th and 27th changed their role in later years.

  1re Décade 2e Décade 3e Décade
Primidi 1. Primevère (Primrose) 11. Pervenche (Periwinkle) 21. Gainier (Judas tree)
Duodi 2. Platane (Plane tree) 12. Charme (Hornbeam) 22. Romaine (Cos Lettuce)
Tridi 3. Asperge (Asparagus) 13. Morille (Round Morel) 23. Maronnier (Horse Chestnut)
Quartidi 4. Tulipe (Tulip) 14. Hêtre (Beech) 24. Roquette (Rocket)
Quintidi 5. Poule (Hen) 15. Abeille (Bee) 25. Pigeon (Pigeon)
Sextidi 6. Blette (Beetroot) 16. Laitue (Lettuce) 26. Anémone/Lilas (Anemone/Lilac)
Septidi 7. Bouleau (Birch) 17. Mélèze (Larch) 27. Lilas/Anémone (Lilac/Anemone)
Octidi 8. Jonquille (Jonquil) 18. Ciguë (Hemlock) 28. Pensée (Pansy)
Nonidi 9. Aulne (Alder) 19. Radis (Radish) 29. Myrtil (Blueberry)
Decadi 10. Couvoir (Hatchery) 20. Ruche (Beehive) 30. Greffoir (Graft Knife)

Conversion table

Table for conversion between Republican and Gregorian Calendar
for the month "Germinal"
I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
March 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 April
VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
March 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 April

See also

External links

  • Spring Quarter of Year II (facsimile)
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