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Golin language

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Title: Golin language  
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Subject: East New Guinea Highlands languages, Gollum (disambiguation)
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Golin language

Region Gumine District, Simbu Province
Native speakers
unknown (51,000 cited 1981)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 gvf
Glottolog goli1247[2]

Golin (also Gollum, Gumine) is a Papuan language of Papua New Guinea.



Front Back
High ɪ ɪː ʊ ʊː
Mid ɛ ɛː ɔ ɔː
Low ɑ ɑː

Diphthongs that occur are /ɑi ɑu ɔi ui/. The consonants /l n/ can also be syllabic.


Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar
plain lab. plain Late. plain lab.
Nasal m n
Stop voiceless


Fricative s~ʃ ɬ~
Approximant j w
Trill r

/bʷ ɡʷ/ are treated as single consonants by Bunn & Bunn (1970), but as combinations of /b/ + /w/, /ɡ/ + /w/ by Evans et al. (2005).

Two consonants appear to allow free variation in their realisations: [s] varies with [ʃ], and [l] with [ɬ].

/n/ assimilates to [ŋ] before /k/ and /ɡ/.


Golin is a tonal language, distinguishing high, mid, and low tone.


  1. ^ Golin at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Golin". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Bunn, Gordon; Bunn, Ruth (1970). "Golin phonology". Pacific Linguistics A 23: 1–7. 
  • Bunn, Gordon (1974). "Golin grammar". Working Papers in New Guinea Linguistics 5. 
  • Evans, Nicholas; et al. (2005). Materials on Golin: Grammar, texts and dictionary. Parkville: The Dept. Linguistics and Applied Linguistics, The University of Melbourne. 

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