World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Gong Li

Gong Li
Gong Li at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival
Chinese name 鞏俐 (traditional)
Chinese name 巩俐 (simplified)
Pinyin Gǒng Lì (Mandarin)
Ancestry Jinan, Shandong, China
Born (1965-12-31) 31 December 1965
Shenyang, Liaoning, China
Occupation Actress
Years active 1987–present
Spouse(s) Ooi Hoe Soeng (1996–2010)
Parents Gong Lize (father)
Liu Ying (mother)[1]

Gong Li (born 31 December 1965) is a Chinese Singaporean actress. Gong first came into international prominence through close collaboration with Chinese director Zhang Yimou and is credited with helping to bring Chinese cinema to Europe and the United States.[2]

She has twice been awarded the Golden Rooster and the Hundred Flowers Awards as well as the Berlinale Camera, Cannes Festival Trophy, National Board of Review, New York Film Critics Circle Award, and Volpi Cup.


  • Early life 1
  • Career 2
  • Personal life 3
  • Filmography 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Gong Li was born in Shenyang, China, Liaoning, the youngest in a family of five children. Her father was a professor of economics and her mother was a teacher.[3] Gong grew up in Jinan, the capital of Shandong.

In 1985, Gong sought to study at China's top music school, but was denied entrance. Later that same year, she was accepted to the prestigious

External links

  1. ^ 巩俐说母亲:“影后”的归宿慈母的泪
  2. ^
  3. ^ Gong Li Sidebar
  4. ^ Gong Li Biography – Barnes &
  5. ^ a b c Ghahremani, Yasmin; Stanmeyer, Anastacia (24 September 1999), "Nation builders". Asiaweek. 25 (38):74
  6. ^ a b Dargis, Manohla (5 December 2004), "Glamour's New Orientation". New York Times. 154 (53054):Arts & Leisure 1
  7. ^ Gong Li in ‘Raise the Red Lantern’ and ‘Shanghai Triad’ – The Tragedy of a Victim who Reinforces the system –
  8. ^ a b No byline (25 February 2000), "First lady of film". Asiaweek. 26 (7):34
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ Lyttle, John (16 January 2006), "The eastern affront". New Statesman, 135 (4775):47
  12. ^ Soundwalk. Accessed 17 Sept. 2009.
  13. ^ Audio Publishers Association. Accessed 20 Sept. 2009.
  14. ^ IMDB, The Internet Movie Database Accessed 28 Sept. 2010.
  15. ^ Shanghai International Film Festival on the red carpet
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^ No byline (10 February 1997), "Gong Li & Ooi Hoe Seong". People. 47 (5):112
  20. ^ Louie, Elaine (29 October 1996), "Chronicle:Gong Li". New York Times. 146 (50595):B16
  21. ^ Gong Li was exposed to be divorced from Huang Hexiang 7 July 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^


See also

Year Title Role Awards
1987 Red Sorghum
1989 The Empress Dowager
Mr. Sunshine
Codename Cougar
Ah Li Hundred Flowers Award for Best Supporting Actress
A Terracotta Warrior
Winter/Lili Chu Nominated – Hong Kong Film Award for Best Actress
1990 Ju Dou
Ju Dou First Chinese film nominated for an Academy Award, entered at Cannes
1991 God of Gamblers III: Back to Shanghai
Raise the Red Lantern
Songlian Hundred Flowers Awards for Best Actress
The Banquet
Waitress at banquet
1992 The Story of Qiu Ju
Qiu Ju Golden Rooster Awards for Best Actress
Volpi Cup for Best Actress
Golden Phoenix Awards for Best Female Actor
Mary from Beijing
1993 Farewell My Concubine
Juxian New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress
Flirting Scholar
Chou Heung
1994 Dragon Chronicles: The Maidens of Heavenly Mountain
Mo Han-Wen
A Soul Haunted by Painting
Pan Yuliang
To Live
The Great Conqueror's Concubine
Lü Zhi
1995 Shanghai Triad
Xiao Jingbao
1996 Temptress Moon
Pang Ruyi Nominated – Hong Kong Film Award for Best Actress
1997 Chinese Box
1998 The Emperor and the Assassin
Lady Zhao
2000 Breaking the Silence
Sun Liying Golden Rooster Awards for Best Actress
Montreal World Film Festival for Best Actress
Golden Phoenix Awards for Best Actress
Hundred Flowers Awards for Best Actress
Shanghai Film Critics Awards for Best Actress
2002 Zhou Yu's Train
Zhou Yu Students' Choice Award for Favourite Actress
2004 2046 Su Li Zhen Wong Kar-wai, director
Miss Hua
2005 Memoirs of a Geisha
Hatsumomo National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
2006 Miami Vice
Curse of the Golden Flower
Empress Phoenix Hong Kong Film Award for Best Actress
Hong Kong Film Critics Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Asian Film Awards for Best Actress
2007 Hannibal Rising
Lady Murasaki Shikibu Lecter
2010 Shanghai
Anna Lan-Ting
2011 What Women Want
Li Yilong
2014 Coming Home[27]
2016 The Monkey King 2
White Bone Demon


Gong Li applied for Singapore citizenship in early 2008. When overseas professional obligations prevented her from showing up at her scheduled August citizenship ceremony, she was harshly criticized for not making it a priority. On Saturday, 8 November 2008, Gong, in an effort to make amends, attended a citizenship ceremony held at Teck Ghee Community Club and received her Singapore citizenship certificate from Member of Parliament Lee Bee Wah.[26]

She was voted the most beautiful woman in China in 2006.[24][25]

[23] Gong Li was nominated

In 1996, news began circulating that Gong had married Singaporean tobacco tycoon Ooi Hoe Seong. They were married in November 1996 at Hong Kong's China Club.[19][20] On 28 June 2010, the chief editor of Chinese entertainment magazine Southern Entertainment revealed that Gong's agent confirmed that Gong Li and her husband had divorced.[21][22]

Her personal and professional relationship with director Zhang Yimou was highly publicized. The pair collaborated on six films between 1987 and 1995, before ending their relationship.[16][17] They reunited in 2006 for the film Curse of the Golden Flower and in 2014 on Coming Home.[18]

Personal life

In 2014, Li was a jury president of the 17th Shanghai International Film Festival. In the same year, she reunited with Zhang Yimou for the film Coming Home (2014). It is set during the throes of the Cultural Revolution. The film was their first collaboration since 2006. The film also starred Chen Daoming as her husband.

In 2010, she starred in the World War Two-era thriller Shanghai about an American man, Paul Soames (played by John Cusack) who returns to a corrupt, Japanese-occupied Shanghai four months before Pearl Harbor and discovers his friend has been killed. In this film, Gong plays Anna Lan-Ting, the wife of triad boss Anthony Lan-Ting (played by Chow Yun-fat). Ken Watanabe co-stars as Japanese military intelligence officer Captain Tanaka.[14][15]

She narrated "Beijing" (2008), an audio walking tour by Louis Vuitton and Soundwalk,[12] which won an Audie Award for best Original Work (2009).[13]

Her other English-language roles to date included Chinese Box in 1997, Miami Vice in 2006 and Hannibal Rising in 2007. In all three films, she learned her English lines phonetically. In 2010, she stated that she was becoming more selective with the Chinese language projects offered to her during a press junket for her upcoming film Shanghai.

Despite her popularity, Gong avoided Hollywood for years, due to a lack of confidence in speaking English.[10] She made her English speaking debut in 2005 when she starred as Hatsumomo in Memoirs of a Geisha. Her performance was met with generally positive reviews.[11]

Immune to political repercussions because of her fame, Gong Li began criticizing the censorship policy in China. Her films Farewell My Concubine and The Story of Qiu Ju were initially banned in China for being thinly-veiled critiques of the Chinese government.[8] Regarding the sexual content in Ju Dou, Chinese censorship deemed the film "a bad influence on the physical and spiritual health of young people."[6]

In 2006, Premiere magazine ranked her performance in Farewell My Concubine as the 89th greatest performance of all time.

In 1993, she received a New York Film Critics Circle award for her role in Farewell My Concubine. Directed by Chen Kaige, the film was her first major role with a director other than Zhang Yimou. In the same year, she was awarded with the Berlinale Camera at the 43rd Berlin International Film Festival.[9]

In June 1998, Gong Li became a recipient of France's Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. Two years later, she was invited by the Berlin Film Festival to be the president of its international jury at the festival's 50th anniversary (2001 February).[8]

Over the next several years after her 1987 acting debut in Red Sorghum, Gong received international acclaim for her roles in several more Zhang Yimou films:[6] She appeared in Ju Dou in 1990; Her performance in the Oscar-nominated Raise the Red Lantern put her in the international spotlight;[5] in The Story of Qiu Ju, she was named Best Actress at the 1992 Venice Film Festival. These roles established her reputation, according to Asiaweek, as "one of the world's most glamorous movie stars and an elegant throwback to Hollywood's golden era."[5] In many of her early movies, Gong Li represents a tragic victim and an abused soul (physically or emotionally), trying to release herself from an impossible maze of corruption, violence and suppression. In Raise the Red Lantern and Shanghai Triad an additional tragic element is added to her being as she unintentionally becomes the executioner of new innocent victims, making her realize that she has assisted the dark cynical system.[7]



This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.