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Gorakhpur district

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Title: Gorakhpur district  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Kushinagar district, Deoria district, Sant Kabir Nagar district, Azamgarh district, Barabanki district
Collection: Districts in India, Districts of Uttar Pradesh, Gorakhpur District
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Gorakhpur district

Gorakhpur district

गोरखपुर ज़िला
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Gorakhpur district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Gorakhpur district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Gorakhpur
Headquarters Gorakhpur
Tehsils 7
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Gorakhpur, Bansgaon
 • Total 7,483.8 km2 (2,889.5 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,436,275,[1]
 • Literacy 73.25%.[1]
 • Sex ratio 944
Major highways NH 28, NH 233B
Website Official website

Gorakhpur district (Hindi: गोरखपुर ज़िला) is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in India. Gorakhpur is the one of the major and largest districts of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of the district.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Economy 3
  • Demographics 4
    • Languages 4.1
  • References 5
  • External links 6


The district was ceded by the Nawab of Awadh to the British East India Company in 1801.


Gorakhpur district lies between latitude 26° 46´ N and longitude 83° 22´ E. The district covers an area of 7,483.8 square kilometres (2,889.5 sq mi). It is bounded by Maharajganj district to the north, Kushinagar and Deoria districts in the east, (Rajesultanpur)Ambedkar Nagar, Azamgarh, and Mau districts to the south, and Sant Kabir Nagar district to the west. The district is part of Gorakhpur Division.[2]


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gorakhpur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]


According to the 2011 census Gorakhpur district has a population of 4,436,275,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Croatia[4] or the US state of Kentucky.[5] This gives it a ranking of 40th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 1,336 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,460/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.69%.[1] Gorakhpur has a sex ratio of 944 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 73.25%.[1]


Vernaculars spoken in Gorakhpur include Hindi language with almost 40 000 00 speakers and Bhojpuri, written in the Devanagariscripts.[6]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ "Gorakhpur". Retrieved 2010-08-05. 
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Croatia 4,483,804 July 2011 est. 
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Kentucky 4,339,367 
  6. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 

External links

  • Official website
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