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Gotemba Line

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Title: Gotemba Line  
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Gotemba Line

Gotemba Line
Asagiri limited express services pass at Yaga Station, April 2008
Overview
Type Passenger/freight
Termini Kōzu
Numazu
Stations 19
Operation
Opening 1889
Owner JR Central
Rolling stock 313 series
211 series
Odakyu 60000 series MSE
Technical
Line length 60.2 km (37.4 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC
Route map

The Gotemba Line (御殿場線 Gotemba-sen) is a railway line operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in Japan. It connects Kōzu Station in Odawara, Kanagawa and Numazu Station in Numazu, Shizuoka via Gotemba Station. The limited express train "Asagiri" runs between Shinjuku (Tokyo) and Gotemba, via Matsuda.

Station list

Station
name
Japanese Distance from
Kōzu (km)
Transfers Location
Town/city Prefecture
Kōzu 国府津 0.0 Tōkaidō Main Line,
Shōnan-Shinjuku Line
Odawara Kanagawa
Shimo-Soga 下曽我 3.8
Kami-Ōi 上大井 6.5 Ashigarakami District,
Ōi
Sagami-Kaneko 相模金子 8.3
Matsuda 松田 10.2 Odakyu Odawara Line Ashigarakami District,
Matsuda
Higashi-Yamakita 東山北 13.1 Ashigarakami District,
Yamakita
Yamakita 山北 15.9
Yaga 谷峨 20.0
Suruga-Oyama 駿河小山 24.6 Suntō District,
Oyama
Shizuoka
Ashigara 足柄 28.9
Gotemba 御殿場 35.5 Gotemba
Minami-Gotemba 南御殿場 38.2
Fujioka 富士岡 40.6
Iwanami 岩波 45.3 Susono
Susono 裾野 50.7
Nagaizumi-Nameri 長泉なめり 53.5 Suntō District,
Nagaizumi
Shimo-Togari 下土狩 55.6
Ōoka 大岡 57.8 Numazu
Numazu 沼津 60.2 Tōkaidō Main Line

Rolling stock

Local services

Limited express Asagiri services

Past

History

The present-day Gotemba Line was built as part of the original route of the Tōkaidō Main Line connecting Tokyo with Osaka. The portion between Kōzu and Numazu was opened on February 1, 1889, although it was not officially named the "Tokaido Line" until 1896. Portions were double tracked from 1891 and the double tracking was completed by 1901.

The line took an indirect route between Kōzu and Numazu in order to avoid the Hakone Mountains, which affected the potential journey time between Tokyo and Osaka. A more direct route had been planned as early as 1909, but technical difficulties delayed the completion of the Tanna Tunnel until December 1, 1934. With the opening of the tunnel, the route of the Tōkaidō Main Line became via Atami Station, leaving the section between Kōzu Station and Numazu Station as a spur line renamed as the Gotemba Line.

In 1943, due to the reduced traffic on the Gotemba line, and the urgent requirement for steel in World War II, the line was returned to a single track railway. Diesel multiple units replaced Steam locomotive hauled passenger trains in 1955, and a cooperative agreement was reached with the privately owned Odakyu Electric Railway to operate express trains directly from Shinjuku Station in Tokyo in the same year. The line was electrified from 1968, and regularly scheduled freight services were discontinued at most stations by 1982.

A new Centralized traffic control system was installed in December 1989, with a programmed route control system implemented from March 1990. Installation for the TOICA automated turnstile system was completed at all stations in 2010.

Former connecting lines

  • Gotemba station - A 19km 762mm gauge horse tramway opened to Kawaguchiko in 1898, closed in 1905 but was reopened in 1909. It connected to the Tsuru horse tramway, providing a connection to Otsuki station on the Chuo Main Line until 1919, when it was truncated by 9km, completely closing 10 years later.
  • Shimo-Togari station - The Izu Railway Co. opened a line to Shuzenji in 1898, electrifying the line at 1500 VDC in 1918. In 1934 following the opening of the Tanna Tunnel and associated realignment, the line was truncated to Mishima-Hirokoji station on the Tokaido Main Line.

References

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese WorldHeritage

  • Yoshikawa, Fumio. Tokaido-sen 130-nen no ayumi. Grand-Prix Publishing (2002) ISBN 4-87687-234-1. (Japanese)
  1. ^ 2012年3月17日(土) ダイヤ改正を実施します。 [Saturday 17 March 2012 Timetable Revision] (pdf). News Release (in Japanese). Japan: Odakyu Electric Railway. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2012. 

External links

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