World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Gotha G

Article Id: WHEBN0016755327
Reproduction Date:

Title: Gotha G  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: June 13, Strategic bombing, Poplar, London, Air Raid Precautions, Handley Page Type O, Aviation in World War I, AEG G.IV, Quintin Brand, No. 46 Squadron RAF, Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Gotha G

Gotha G.V
Role Heavy Bomber
National origin  German Empire
Manufacturer Gothaer Waggonfabrik AG
Designer Hans Burkhard
First flight 1917
Introduction August 1917
Primary user Luftstreitkräfte
Produced 1917 to 1918
Number built 205


The Gotha G.V was a heavy bomber used by the Luftstreitkräfte (Imperial German Air Service) during World War I. Designed for long-range service, the G V series was used principally as night bombers.

Development

Operational use of the G.IV demonstrated that the incorporation of the fuel tanks into the engine nacelles was a mistake. In a crash landing the tanks could rupture and spill fuel onto the hot engines. This posed a serious problem because landing accidents caused 75% of operational losses. In response Gothaer produced the G.V, which housed its fuel tanks inside the fuselage. The smaller engine nacelles were mounted on struts above the lower wing.

The Gotha G.V pilot seat was offset to port with the fuel tanks immediately behind. This blocked the connecting walkway that previously on earlier machines allowed crew members to move between the three gun stations. All bombs were carried externally in this model. The Gotha included an important innovation in the form of a "gun tunnel" whereby the underside of the rear fuselage was arched, early versions allowing placement of a rearward-facing machine gun protecting from attack from below, removing the blind spot. [1] Later versions expanded the tunnel to remove the lower gun, providing a slot in the upper fuselage that allowed the rear gunner to remain stationary.

The base variant of G.V offered no performance improvement over the G.IV. The G.V was up to 450 kg (990 lb) heavier than the G.IV due to additional equipment and the use of insufficiently seasoned timber. The Mercedes D.IVa engines could not produce the rated 190 kW (260 hp) due to inferior quality of fuel.

Operational history

The G.V entered service in August 1917. For the performance reasons aforementioned, it generally could not operate at altitudes as high as the G.IV.

Variants

G.Va

In February 1918, Gothaer tested a compound tail unit with biplane horizontal stabilizers and twin rudders. The new tail unit, known as the Kastensteuerung, improved the aircraft's marginal directional control on one engine. The resulting G.Va subvariant incorporated the new tail as well as a slightly shorter forward fuselage with an auxiliary nose landing gear. All 25 G.Va aircraft were delivered to Bogohl 3, the new designation for the former Kagohl 3.

G.Vb

Carried an increased payload comparing to the earlier G.Va, and operated at a maximum takeoff weight of 4,550 kg (10,030 lb). To reduce the danger of flipping over during landing, Gothaer introduced the Stossfahrgestell ("shock landing gear"), a tandem two-bogie main landing gear. The Stossfahrgestell proved so good that it was fitted to all G.V's in Bogohl 3. Some G.Vb aircraft also had Flettner servo tabs on the ailerons to reduce control forces.

Idflieg ordered 80 G.Vb aircraft, the first being delivered to Bogohl 3 in June 1918. By the Armistice, all 80 aircraft were built but the last batch did not reach the front and was delivered direct to the Allied special commission.

Operators

 German Empire

Specifications (Gotha G.V)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3
  • Length: 12.42 m (40 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 23.70 m (77 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 4.5 m (14 ft)
  • Wing area: 89.5 m² (963.6 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 2,739 kg (6,039 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 3,967 kg (8,745 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Mercedes D.IVa inline engine, 260 hp (191 kW) each

Performance

Armament

2 or 3 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) Parabellum MG14 machine guns

See also

Gotha Raids

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists

References

  • The Complete Encyclopedia of Flight 1848-1939 by John Batchelor and Malcolm V. Lowe


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.