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Governor of Bengal

From 1690, a governor represented the British East India Company in Bengal, which had been granted the right to establish a trading post by the Nawabs of Bengal

Chief Agents (1681-1684)

Name Took office Left office
William Hedges 1681 1684
John Bead 1684 1684

Presidents (1684-1694)

Name Took office Left office
William Gyfford 1684 1685
Job Charnock 1685 1693
Francis Ellis 1693 1693
Charles Eyre 1693 1694

Chief Agents (1694-1700)

Name Took office Left office
Charles Eyre 1694 1698
John Bead 1698 1699
Charles Eyre 1699 1700

Presidents

Name Took office Left office
Charles Eyre 1700 1701
John Bead 1701 1705
Edward Littleton 1705 1705
'Ruled by a council' 1705 1710
Anthony Weltden 1710 1711
John Russell 1711 1713
Robert Hedges 1713 1718
Samuel Flake 1718 1723
John Deane 1723 1726
Henry Frankland 1726 1728
Edward Stephenson 1728 1728
John Deane 1728 1732
John Stackhouse 1732 1739
Thomas Broddyll 1739 1746
John Forster 1746 1748
William Barwell 1748 1749
Adam Dawson 1749 1752
William Fytche 1752 1752
Roger Drake 1752 1756

Under the leadership of Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, British troops and their local allies defeated the nawab on 23 June 1757 at the Battle of Plassey. The nawab was assassinated in Murshidabad, and the British installed their own replacement. Clive became governor.

Governors, 1757-1854

Name Took office Left office
Robert Clive 1757 1760
Henry Vansittart 1760 1764
Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive 1765 1766
Harry Verelst 1767 1769
John Cartier 1769 1772
Warren Hastings 1772 1774
Sir John Macpherson, 1st Baronet 1774 1786
Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Earl Cornwallis 1786 1793
Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley 1797 1805
Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis 1805
James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie 1848 1854

Under the Charter Act 1853 the Governor General of India was relieved of his concurrent duties as Governor of Bengal and empowered to appoint a lieutenant-governor from 1854.

Lieutenant-Governors 1854-1912

Name Took office Left office
Sir Frederick James Halliday 1854 1859
Sir John Peter Grant 1859 1862
Sir Cecil Beadon 1862 1866
Sir William Grey 1867 1870
Sir George Campbell 1870 1874
Sir Richard Temple 1874 1877
Sir Ashley Eden 1877 1882
Sir Augustus Thompson 1882 1887
Sir Steuart Colvin Bayley 1887 1890
Sir Charles Alfred Elliott 1890 1893
Sir Anthony MacDonnell 1893 1895
Sir Alexander Mackenzie 1895 1897
Sir Charles Stevens 1897 1898
Sir John Woodburn 1898 1902
James Bourdillon 1902 1903
Sir Andrews Henderson Leith Frazer 1903 1906
Lancelot Hare 1906 1906
Francis Slacke 1906 1908
Sir Edward Norman Baker 1908 1911
Sir William Duke 1911 1912

In 1912, the British reunited east and west Bengal to form a single province under a governor.

Governors 1912-1947

Name Took office Left office
Thomas Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael 1912 1917
Lawrence Dundas, Earl of Ronaldshay 1917 1922
Victor Bulwer-Lytton, 2nd Earl of Lytton 1922 1927
Sir Stanley Jackson 1927 1932
Sir John Anderson 1932 1934
Michael Knatchbull, 5th Baron Brabourne 1937 1938
Sir John Arthur Herbert 1939 1943
Richard Casey 1944 1946
Sir Frederick Burrows 1946 1947

Independence (post 1947)

In 1947, the British Raj came to an end, and the new countries of India and Pakistan were created. Bengal was partitioned into two in anticipation of this in 1946, and following independence West Bengal joined India, and East Bengal joined Pakistan.

For a continuation of governors of West Bengal, please see List of Governors of West Bengal, and for East Bengal, please see East Bengal.

References

http://www.worldstatesmen.org/India_BrProvinces.htm

External links

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