World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Grassington

Article Id: WHEBN0000925749
Reproduction Date:

Title: Grassington  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: River Wharfe, Craven, North Yorkshire, Hebden, North Yorkshire, John Spencer (rugby union)
Collection: Civil Parishes in North Yorkshire, Towns in North Yorkshire, Wharfedale
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Grassington

Grassington

Main Street, Grassington
Grassington is located in North Yorkshire
Grassington
 Grassington shown within North Yorkshire
Population 1,126 
OS grid reference
   – London 190 mi (310 km)  SSE
District Craven
Shire county North Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SKIPTON
Postcode district BD23
Dialling code 01756
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Skipton and Ripon
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Grassington is a market town and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, the town is situated in Wharfedale, about 8 miles (10 km) north-east from Bolton Abbey, and is surrounded by limestone scenery. Nearby villages include Linton, Threshfield, Hebden, Conistone and Kilnsey.

The entrance to an inclined shaft at Yarnbury Lead Mine to the north of Grassington.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Culture and community 2
  • Electricity generation 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

The Domesday Book lists Grassington as part of the estate of Gamal Barn including 7 carucates of ploughland (840 acres/350ha) including Grassington, Linton and Threshfield.[1] The Norman conquest of England made it part of the lands of Gilbert Tison. But by 1118 Tison had suffered a demotion and his lands returned to the king then given to Lord Percy[2]

Grassington was historically a township in the parish of Linton in the West Riding of Yorkshire. It became a separate civil parish in 1866,[3] and was transferred to North Yorkshire in 1974.

Although often described by local people as a village, Grassington was granted a Royal Charter for a market and fair in 1282 giving it market town status. The market was held regularly until about 1860. A change in land use from the early 17th century, when lead mining began to assume more importance, brought some prosperity, but Grassington's heyday arrived during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The opening of the Yorkshire Dales Railway to Threshfield in 1901 brought new visitors, many of whom settled, some finding work in Skipton or in the developing limestone quarries. The Old Hall at Grassington is reputedly the oldest house in Yorkshire, dating from the late 13th or early 14th century.[4]

Grassington & Threshfield Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1908. The club continued until the Second World War.[5]

Culture and community

Grassington is the main residential and tourist centre in

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Map of the Grass Wood
  • Grassington Lead Mining Trail by Craven & Pendle Geological Society
  • Lead mines – Meerstones of Grassington Moor

External links

  1. ^ Dr. Anne Williams and Prof. G H Martin, ed. (1992). Domesday Book a Complete Translation. Penguin Books.  
  2. ^ Paul Dalton. Conquest, Anarchy and Lordship: Yorkshire, 1066–1154
  3. ^ Vision of Britain website
  4. ^ "Grassington Hall, Grassington". BritishListedBuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  5. ^ “Grassington & Threshfield Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.
  6. ^ [5]
  7. ^ Upper Wharfedale Fell Rescue Association
  8. ^ [6]
  9. ^ [7]
  10. ^ [8]
  11. ^ Grass Wood
  12. ^ Wharfedale and Littondale
  13. ^ "Linton Falls hydroelectric plant supplies electricity again". BBC. 24 March 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  14. ^ Rhianna Rose. "Linton Falls and Low Wood Hydropower Schemes utilising Scheduled Monuments to harbour modern power generation" (PDF). UK Water Projects Ltd. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 

References

In 1909 Grassington received its first electricity from a hydroelectric plant at Linton Falls, which continued to operate until 1948 when the National Grid arrived in the area. In March 2012 a new hydroelectric power plant was opened using the same but restored turbine house, which provides 500,000 kWh of electricity a year, using two Archimedean screws.[13][14]

Electricity generation

Grass Wood, an area of ancient woodland including the Iron-Age fort, Fort Gregory (also known as Gregory's Fort), is situated just over 3 miles (5 km) north-west of Grassington.[11][12]

Three miles north of Grassington, at Kilnsey, is the glacially carved overhang of Kilnsey Crag.

A Yorkshire Dales National Park information centre is on Hebden Road.

In the winter Grassington holds the Dickensian Festival, with period costumes, Christmas activities and commercial selling.[10]

Every September since 2011, Grassington has held a 1940s themed weekend. Events include war re-enactments, dances and a variety of military and civilian vehicles on display from the period.[9]

Grassington Festival is a two-week-long annual event, with music, performance and visual arts, held in a number of venues around the village.[8] In 2008 it included acts by Jo Brand, Dara Ó Briain, Clare Teal and Toyah Willcox.

[7]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.