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Green Party (Sweden)

Green Party
Miljöpartiet de Gröna
Leader Gustav Fridolin
Åsa Romson
(spokespersons)
Founded 20 September 1981 (1981-09-20)
Headquarters Pustegränd 1-3, Stockholm
Membership  (2014) 20,200[1]
Ideology Green politics[2]
Euroscepticism[3][4][5]
Political position Centre-left[6]
International affiliation Global Greens
European affiliation European Green Party
The European Alliance of EU-critical Movements
European Parliament group The Greens–European Free Alliance
Colours Green
Riksdag
25 / 349
European Parliament
4 / 20
County councils[7]
102 / 1,597
Municipal councils[8]
732 / 12,780
Website
http://www.mp.se/
Politics of Sweden
Political parties
Elections
Part of a series on
Green politics
Sunflower symbol

The Green Party (Swedish: Miljöpartiet de Gröna, literally "Environment Party – the Greens",[9] commonly referred to in Swedish as Miljöpartiet, MP) is a political party in Sweden based upon green politics.[10] The party was founded in 1981, emerging out of a sense of discontent with the existing parties' environmental policies, and sparked by the anti-nuclear power movement following the 1980 nuclear power referendum.[11] The party's breakthrough would come in the 1988 general election when they won seats in the Swedish Riksdag for the first time, capturing 5.5 percent of the vote, and becoming the first new party to enter parliament in seventy years.[12] Three years later, they dropped back below the 4 percent threshold, but returned to parliament again in 1994, and since have retained representation there. The party is represented nationally by two spokespeople, always one man and one woman. These roles are currently held by Gustav Fridolin and Åsa Romson.

In the 2014 general election, the Greens received 6.9% of the vote and 25 seats, making the party the fourth largest in the Riksdag.[13]

Since 3 October 2014, the Green Party is the minor partner to the Swedish Social Democratic Party in the Löfven Cabinet minority coalition government, the first time in its history that the Greens have entered government.[14]

Contents

  • Ideology 1
    • Fundamental principles 1.1
    • Climate change and the environment 1.2
    • Nuclear power 1.3
    • European integration 1.4
  • Leadership and organization 2
  • Electoral politics 3
    • Church politics 3.1
    • Relationship with other parties 3.2
  • Electoral results 4
    • General elections 4.1
    • European Parliament 4.2
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Ideology

Fundamental principles

In their party platform, the Greens describe their ideology as being based on "a solidarity that can be expressed in three ways: solidarity with animals, nature, and the ecological system", "solidarity with coming generations", and "solidarity with all of the world's people". The platform then describes these solidarities being expressed in "several fundamental ideas", these being participatory democracy, ecological wisdom, social justice, children's rights, circular economy, global justice, nonviolence, equality and feminism, animal rights, self-reliance and self-administration, freedom, and long-sightedness.[15]

Climate change and the environment

The Green Party was the first political party in Sweden to raise the issue of climate change. Fighting climate change is a major policy issue for the party. For example, the party's main criticism of The Alliance's 2010 election manifesto was the "entirely astonishing" lack of effort in fighting climate change,[16] and in 2013, the party announced a budget proposal that was dominated by a 49 million kronor "climate package".[17] The party supports a general shift in taxation policy, towards high taxes on environmentally unfriendly or unsustainable products and activities, hoping to thus influence people's behavior towards the more sustainable.

Nuclear power

The anti-nuclear movement was a major factor in the party's creation.[11] The party's party platform reads that "we oppose the construction of new reactors in Sweden, or an increase in the output of existing reactors, and instead want to begin immediately phasing out nuclear power."[15] MP Per Bolund clarified in 2010 that the party "does not propose shutting down nuclear power reactors today, but rather phasing them out as new and renewable electricity is phased in."[18]

European integration

The party was initially opposed to membership in the European Union, and sought a new referendum on the issue. The party's EU-opposition captured them 17 percent of the votes in the 1995 European Parliament election, the first following Sweden's EU ascension.[19] The Greens included withdrawal from the EU in their party platform as recently as 2006.[20]

This policy was abolished in a September 2008 internal party referendum.[21] However, the party remains somewhat Eurosceptic. The section of the party platform on the subject opens by citing how decentralization and making decisions as locally as reasonably possible is a central part of green politics. It continues to state that the Greens "are warm adherents to international cooperation. We want to see Europe as a part of a world of democracies, where people move freely over borders, and where people and countries trade and cooperate with each other."[15]

Leadership and organization

The Greens, like many other green parties around the world, do not have a party leader in the traditional sense. The party is represented by two spokespeople, always one male and one female. The current spokespersons are Gustav Fridolin and Åsa Romson.[22] The spokespeople are elected annually by the party congress, up to a maximum of nine, one-year terms.[23]

The party congress, consisting of elected representatives of all of the party's local groups, is the highest decision-making organ in the Green Party. The congress, in addition to the two spokespeople, also fills many other important posts in the party, including a party board (

  • Official site
  • The Swedish Parliament: The Green Party

External links

  1. ^ Holmqvist, Anette; Röstlund, Lisa (December 8, 2014), "Medlemsström till partierna i krisen",  
  2. ^ Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe". Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "Acta Politica - Table 2 for article: Softening but Persistent: Euroscepticism in the Nordic EU Countries". Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  4. ^ http://www.sussex.ac.uk/sei/documents/sei-working-paper-no-51.pdf
  5. ^ http://uaces.org/documents/papers/1201/ketola.pdf
  6. ^ Josep M. Colomer (25 July 2008). Political Institutions in Europe. Routledge. p. 261.  
  7. ^ "2014: Val till landstingsfullmäktige - Valda", Valmyndigheten, 2014-09-28
  8. ^ "2014: Val till kommunfullmäktige - Valda", Valmyndigheten, 2014-09-26
  9. ^ Gemma Loomes (17 June 2013). Party Strategies in Western Europe: Party Competition and Electoral Outcomes. Routledge. p. 130.  
  10. ^ "Swedish Green Party". www.mp.se. Miljöpartiet de Gröna. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  11. ^ a b Ljunggren, Stig-Björn (2010). "Miljöpartiet De Gröna. Från miljömissnöjesparti till grön regeringspartner". Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift 112 (2). Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Allmänna valen, 1988, Del 1 Riksdagsvalet" (PDF).  
  13. ^ "Röster - Val 2014". Valmyndigheten. 
  14. ^ Sveriges Radio. "Sweden gets a new government". Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  15. ^ a b c "Party Platform 2013" (PDF). Miljöpartiet de Gröna. 
  16. ^ Hernadi, Alexandra (26 August 2010). "Wetterstrand: "Fullständigt häpnadsväckande"".  
  17. ^ "MP föreslår klimatpaket".  
  18. ^ "Miljöpartiet chattade om kärnkraften". Dagens Nyheter. 26 May 2010. 
  19. ^ Burchell, Jon (1996). "No to the European union (EU): Miljöpartiet's success in the 1995 European parliament elections in Sweden". Environmental Politics 5 (2).  
  20. ^ "Miljöpartiet la fram valmanifest". Dagens Nyheter. 20 April 2006. 
  21. ^ "Mp skippar krav på EU-utträde".  
  22. ^ Crofts, Maria; Nilsson, Owe (21 May 2011). "Fridolin och Romson nya språkrör".  
  23. ^ a b "Stadgar (English: Constitution)". Miljöpartiet de Gröna. 
  24. ^ "Wallner MP:s nye partisekreterare". Svenska dagbladet. 
  25. ^ "Partiledarna litar inte på Lars Ohly".  
  26. ^ Wetterstrand, Maria (17 November 2009). "Wetterstrand: De gröna ett naturligt hem för socialliberaler".  
  27. ^ Holmberg, Sören; Näsman, Per; Wänström, Kent (2010). Riksdagsvalet 2010 Valu (PDF) (Report).  
  28. ^ "Allmänna valen 1982" (PDF). Statistics Sweden. 
  29. ^ "Allmänna valen 1985" (PDF). Statistics Sweden. 
  30. ^ "Allmänna val 1988" (PDF). Statistics Sweden. 
  31. ^ "Allmänna val 1991" (PDF). Statistics Sweden. 
  32. ^ "Allmänna val 1994, del 2" (PDF). Statistics Sweden. 
  33. ^ "Allmänna valen 1998, del 3 Kommunfullmäktige" (PDF). Statistics Sweden. 
  34. ^ "Allmänna valen, Del 2 Landstingsfullmuaktige" (PDF). Statistics Sweden. 
  35. ^ "Procent- och mandatfördelning riksdagsvalet 1998". Valmyndigheten (Swedish Election Authority). 
  36. ^ "Val 2002: Slutresultat". Valmyndigheten. 
  37. ^ "Val 2006, Slutresultat". Statistics Sweden. 
  38. ^ "Val 2010, Slutresultat". Statistics Sweden. 

References

See also

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
1995 462,092 17.2%
4 / 22
1999 239,946 9.5%
2 / 22
2
2004 149,603 6.0%
1 / 19
1
2009 349,114 11.0%
2 / 18
2 / 20
1
0
2014 572,591 15.4%
4 / 20
2

European Parliament

Election
year
Riksdag County councils Municipal councils Ref.
Votes Seats won +/– Votes Seats won +/– Votes Seats won +/–
# % # % # %
1982 91,787 1.7 (#7)
0 / 349
0 98,042 1.9%
0 / 1,717
0 91,842 1.6%
129 / 13,500
129 [28]
1985 83,645 1.5 (#7)
0 / 349
0 104,166 2.0%
0 / 1,733
0 142,498 2.5%
237 / 13,520
108 [29]
1988 296,935 5.5 (#6)
20 / 349
20 237,556 4,8%
73 / 1,743
73 302,797 5.6%
693 / 13,564
456 [30]
1991 185,051 3.4 (#8)
0 / 349
20 156,594 3.1%
34 / 1,763
39 199,207 3.6%
389 / 13,526
304 [31]
1994 279,042 5.0 (#6)
18 / 349
18 236,666 4.6%
78 / 1,777
44 298,044 5.3%
616 / 13,550
230 [32]
1998 236,699 4.5 (#7)
16 / 349
2 226,398 4.4%
70 / 1,646
8 252,675 4.8%
559 / 13,388
57 [33][34][35]
2002 246,392 4.7 (#7)
17 / 349
1 204169 3.9%
55 / 1,656
15 227,189 4.2%
443 / 13,274
116 [36]
2006 291,121 5.2 (#7)
19 / 349
2 [37]
2010 437,435 7.3 (#3)
25 / 349
6 398,782 6.9%
103 / 1,662
418,961 7.1%
686 / 12,978
[38]
2014 408,365 6.8 (#4)
25 / 349
0

General elections

Electoral results

The Green Party has a good relationship with the Social Democrats, and to a lesser extent, with the Left Party. The party does not rule out participation in a government with the minor liberal and center-right parties in Sweden. The Green Party on first entering the Riksdag, allied with the Conservative Bloc in opposition to the Social Democrats. The Green Party has made clear that its preference among cooperative arrangements with the Conservative Bloc does not include support of a government led by the liberal-conservative Moderate Party. Historically, however, there have been political deals concluded with the parties forming the centre-right Alliance, as an example concerning education. Co-operation with the Moderate Party on the municipal level are relatively frequent.

Relationship with other parties

The party does not directly participate in elections to the Church of Sweden, but Miljöpartister i Svenska kyrkan (English: Greens in the Church of Sweden), an independent nominating group, participates in church elections at all levels.

Church politics

Green Party results by group,
VALU 2010[27]
Group Votes
(%)
Avg. result
+/− (pp)
Students 19 +9
Members of SACO 16 +6
Aged 18–21 16 +6
Aged 22–30 16 +6
First-time voters 16 +6
Government employees 12 +2
Public sector employees 12 +2
Local government employees 12 +2
White-collar workers 11 +1
Employed persons 11 +1
Members of TCO 11 +1
Females 11 +1
Unemployed 10 0
Private sector employees 9 -1
Males 9 -1
Aged 31–64 9 -1
Blue-collar workers 9 -1
Business owners 8 -2
Raised outside Sweden 7 -3
Members of LO 7 -3
On sick leave 7 -3
Aged 65+ 4 -6
Farmers 4 -6
All groups (total) 10 0

In the 2014 general election, the Greens received 6.9% of the vote, again winning 25 seats in the Riksdag.

In the 2014 European elections, the Greens came in second place nationally, ahead of the ruling Moderate Party and behind the Social Democrats, with 15.4% of the vote, returning 4 MEPs.

In the 2010 general election, the Greens received 7.3% of the vote, winning 25 seats in the Riksdag.

In the 2009 European Parliament election, the Greens received 11.02% and elected 2 MEPs.

As of 2006, the party is in opposition in Sweden, and its prioritized issues are climate change, anti-discrimination and equal rights.

It is often believed that the party is situated on the left on a left-right scale due to its co-operation with the Social Democratic Party. While the right-left scale is primly based on which social group a party has its support base in, the Green Party bases its ideology on the idea of human race survival – which not is an idea belonging to a particular social group. The party participated in a political and electoral coalition called the Red-Greens with the Social Democrats and Left Party from October 2008 until the 2010 general election in September 2010, and has vowed to co-operate with the Social Democrats until 2020.[25] In several municipalities, however, the Greens cooperate with liberal and conservative parties, and the party does not define itself as left, nor right. Rather, they place themselves on one end of a scale between sustainability and growth. In an article published in 2009, Maria Wetterstrand, then party co-spokesperson, defined the party as a natural home also for green-minded social liberals and libertarian socialists, by referring to its liberal policy regarding immigration and its support of personal integrity, participation and entrepreneurship, among other issues.[26]

Electoral politics

[24].Anders Wallner The current party secretary, initially elected by the 2011 party congress, is [23]

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