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Grosmont, Monmouthshire

 

Grosmont, Monmouthshire

Grosmont (Welsh: Y Grysmwnt or Rhosllwyn) is a village in Monmouthshire, Wales near Abergavenny.

History

There are circumstantial indications (Pickford, 2003) that Grosmont may have originated as an town hall replaced a former timber structure and was built in 1832. A market used to be held twice a week.

The Church of St Nicholas

Grosmont Castle

Grosmont Castle, along with the nearby White Castle (Wales) and Skenfrith Castle, have given rise to the Three Castles Walk which links the castles and along with the Monnow Valley Walk brings visitors to the village. Grosmont is dominated by the nearby Graig Syfyrddin (or Edmunds Tump, possibly after Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster).

Owain Glyndwr

Grosmont is linked to the Welsh Prince Owain Glyndŵr and during the Glyndwr rebellion it was the site of a battle in 1405. Glyndwr's ally and trusted Captain Rhys Gethin raised a force of maybe 8,000 men that marched on Grosmont burning the town to the ground. At this time Grosmont was a large and important settlement - only Abergavenny and Carmarthen were larger in the whole of South Wales. Prince Henry, later to become King Henry V, dispatched a force comprising men led by John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, Sir William Newport and Sir John Greynder from Hereford to intercept the Welsh force. They fell on them and defeated the Welsh, killing 800 to 1,000 men and capturing Owen ap Gruffydd ap Rhisiant, Glyndwr's Secretary and John Hanmer, Glyndwr's brother in law, who both survived the battle but were imprisoned in the Tower of London.

Setback

Grosmont never recovered from the attack however. Prince Henry informed his father, King Henry IV, in a letter that maybe 100 homes had been burned.

Recent Times

The Angel [3] public house in Grosmont is owned and run by a group of villagers. In the summer of 2006 the pub and village were the location for the film The Baker released in 2007.

References

Further reading

  • Remfry, P.M., Grosmont Castle, 1066 to 1538 (ISBN 1-899376-44-5)
  • Jackson, M.N. Bygone Days in the March Wall of Wales (St. Catherine's Press, 1926)
  • Knight, Jeremy K. The Three Castles (Cadw, 2000)
  • Levett, F.G. The Story of Skenfrith, Grosmont and St. Maughan's (1984)
  • Pickford, S. Hidden Grosmont (2003; available from Grosmont Post Office)
  • Soulsby, I. The Towns of Medieval Wales (Phillimore, 1983)

External links

  • Grosmont village website
  • Castles of Wales
  • Monnow Valley Walk and Three Castles Walk guidebooks
  • Photos of Grosmont castle and surrounding area
  • Gentle Jane Tearoom, Grosmont
  • GADMAG, the Multi Activity Group
  • The Baker, filmed in Grosmont
  • The Village Alive Trust - Accommodation in Grosmont
  • Grosmont Pig Co-op
  • The DEADPIG Project - An indie/folk-rock band in Grosmont

Coordinates: 51°54′54″N 2°52′03″W / 51.9149°N 2.8674°W / 51.9149; -2.8674

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