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Guantanamo

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Guantanamo

For other uses, see Guantánamo (disambiguation).
Guantánamo
Municipality

Main street in front of post office

Guantánamo municipality (red) within
Guantánamo Province (yellow) and Cuba
Cuba

Coordinates: 20°08′12″N 75°12′50″W / 20.13667°N 75.21389°W / 20.13667; -75.21389Coordinates: 20°08′12″N 75°12′50″W / 20.13667°N 75.21389°W / 20.13667; -75.21389

Country  Cuba
Province Guantánamo
Established 1797[1]
Area[2]
 • Municipality 741.4 km2 (286.3 sq mi)
Elevation 46 m (151 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Municipality 210,407
 • Density 280/km2 (740/sq mi)
 • Metro 216,734
Demonym Guantanamero/ra
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Postal code 95100
Area code(s) +53 21

Guantánamo is a municipality and city in southeast Cuba and capital of Guantánamo Province.

Guantánamo is served by the Caimanera port near the site of a U.S. Naval base. The area produces sugarcane and cotton wool. These are traditional parts of the economy.

Geography

The municipality is mountainous in the north, where it overlays the Sierra Maestra (mountains), and borders the Windward Passage of the Caribbean Sea in the south. It is crossed by the Guantánamo, Yateras, Guaso, San Andrés and Sabanalamar rivers. The Guantánamo Bay is a natural harbour south of the city.

The municipality is divided into the barrios of Arroyo Hondo, Baitiquirí, Bano, Bayate, Caimanera, Camarones, Caridad, Corralillo, Cuatro Caminos, Filipinas, Glorieta, Gobierno, Guaso, Hospital, Indios, Isleta, Jaibo Abajo, Las Lajas, Macurijes, Mercado, Ocujal, Parroquia, Palma de San Juan, Rastro, Tiguabos and Vínculo.[1]

United States naval base

About 15 km away from the city lies the Guantánamo Bay, a superior natural harbor which has been controlled by the United States as the Guantánamo Bay Naval Base since 1902, following the Platt Amendment decree. It is the site of the Guantanamo Bay detention camp.

Demographics

In 2004, the municipality of Guantánamo had a population of 244,603.[3] With a total area of 741 km2 (286 sq mi),[2] it has a population density of 330.1 /km2 (855 /sq mi). "Guantanamera" ("The girl from Guantánamo") Karollen Nikole Markley. Perhaps the best known Cuban song and that country's most noted patriotic song.

Famous Guantanameros

Notable natives of Guantánamo include athletes Joel Casamayor, Yuriorkis Gamboa, Yumileidi Cumbá, Jaime Jefferson, Yargelis Savigne, Dayron Robles, Luis Delís, Cuban-American gymnast Annia Hatch, and cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez.

The song "Guantanamera"

Main article: Guantanamera

"Guantanamera" (Spanish: "from Guantánamo [feminine]", thus "woman from Guantánamo") is perhaps the best known Cuban song and that country's most noted patriotic song. In 1966, a version by American vocal group The Sandpipers, based on an arrangement by Pete Seeger, became an international hit.

See also

Footnotes

Further reading

  • Jonathan M. Hansen, Guantánamo: An American History. New York: Hill and Wang, 2011.

External links

Cuba portal
  • Complete guide to Guantánamo City
  • Detailed information about Zoologico de Piedra (Stone Zoo)
  • Article about the prison history
  • (Spanish) City webpage
sco:Guantánamo
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