World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Guatemala Biodiversity

Article Id: WHEBN0008621972
Reproduction Date:

Title: Guatemala Biodiversity  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Macrofungi of Guatemala, Law enforcement in Guatemala, Education in Guatemala, Media of Guatemala, Bank of Guatemala
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Guatemala Biodiversity

According to Parkswatch and the IUCN,[1] Guatemala is considered the fifth biodiversity hotspot in the world.[2][3] The country has 14 ecoregions ranging from mangrove forest (4 species), in both ocean littorals, dry forests and scrublands in the eastern highlands, subtropical and tropical rain forests, wetlands, cloud forests in the Verapaz region, mixed forests and pine forests in the highlands.

Over one third of Guatemala (36.3% or about 39,380 km²) is forested (2005). About half of the forests (49.7% or roughly 19,570 km²) is classified as primary forest which is considered the most biodiverse forest type. Tree species include 17 conifers (pines, cypress, including the endemic Abies guatemalensis), the most in any tropical region of the world.

Guatemala has 7 wetlands of international importance that were included in the Ramsar List.[4]

Guatemala has some 1246 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 6.7% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 8.1% are threatened species. It is also home to at least 8681 species of vascular plants, of which 13.5% are endemic. 5.4% of the country is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

With a total of 123 protected areas and more than 29% of the territory declared a protected area, Guatemala has the largest percentage of protected areas in Central America.[5] Tikal National Park, which was created in 1955, was the first mixed UNESCO World Heritage Site in the world.

References

  1. ^ http://www.iucn.org/guatemala
  2. ^ http://www.parkswatch.org/guatemala
  3. ^ "Biodiversity Hotspots-Mesoamerica-Overview". Conservation International. Retrieved 2007-02-01. 
  4. ^ The Annotated Ramsar List: Guatemala
  5. ^ "Guatemala Biodiversity and Tropical Forest Assessment" (pdf). USAID, FIPA, EPIQ. 2003. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 

External links

  • CEP Technical Report No. 36 1996: Status of Protected Area Systems in the Wider Caribbean Region - Country Profiles: GUATEMALA

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.