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Haldimand

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Haldimand

"Haldimand" redirects here. For former electoral district, see Haldimand (electoral district).
Haldimand County
Single-tier municipality
Grand River in Caledonia.

Coordinates: 42°56′N 79°53′W / 42.933°N 79.883°W / 42.933; -79.883Coordinates: 42°56′N 79°53′W / 42.933°N 79.883°W / 42.933; -79.883

Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Established 1800 (County)
Restructured 1974 (Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk)
Amalgamated 2001 (Single-tier municipality)
Government
 • Mayor Ken Hewitt
 • Governing Body The Council of Corporation of Haldimand County
 • MPs Diane Finley (Con)
 • MPPs Toby Barrett (Con)
Area[1]
 • Land 1,251.57 km2 (483.23 sq mi)
Population [1]
 • Total 44,876
 • Density 35.9/km2 (93/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code span N0A, N1A, N3W
Area code(s) 519, 226, 905, 289, 365
Website www.haldimandcounty.on.ca

Haldimand is a rural city-status single-tier municipality (but called a county) on the Niagara Peninsula in Southern Ontario, Canada, on the north shore of Lake Erie, and on the Grand River. Municipal offices are located in Cayuga.

History

Haldimand's history has been closely associated with that of the neighbouring Norfolk County. Haldimand was first created as a county in 1800, from a portion of Norfolk. It was named after the governor of the Province of Quebec Sir Frederick Haldimand. In 1844 the land was surrendered by Six Nations to the Crown in an agreement that was signed by the vast majority of Chiefs in the Haldimand tract. The two counties were separate until 1974, when they were reunited as the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk.

In 2001, the counties were separated again, but the lower-tier municipalities from the former Haldimand-Norfolk were merged into two single-tier municipalities. Although they both retained the name "county" for historical reasons, each is governed as a single municipality without lower-tier governments. Haldimand was formed through the amalgamation of the former Towns of Haldimand and Dunnville, and the eastern half of the City of Nanticoke.

Beginning in February 2006, a land dispute by native protesters began near Caledonia over a housing development being built on the outskirts of town, which members of the nearby Mohawk Six Nations people claim is rightfully their land.

Communities

The main towns in Haldimand are Jarvis, Hagersville, Caledonia, Cayuga and Dunnville. Part of the Six Nations Reserve is in Haldimand County, but not within its jurisdiction. Most of Haldimand is agricultural land, although some heavy industry, including the Nanticoke Generating Station, is located here.

Smaller communities within the municipality are Attercliffe Station, Balmoral, Bodri Bay, Brookers Bay, Byng, Canborough, Canfield, Cheapside, Clanbrassil, Crescent Bay, Decewsville, Empire Corners, Featherstone Point, Fisherville, Garnet, Hoover Point, Kohler, Little Buffalo, Lowbanks, Moulton, Mount Carmel, Mount Healy, Nanticoke, Nelles Corners, Peacock Point, Port Maitland, Rainham Centre, Selkirk, Sims Lock, South Cayuga, Springvale, Stromness, Sweets Corners, Townsend, Willow Grove, Woodlawn Park and York.

The ghost towns of Cranston, Dufferin, Erie, Indiana Lambs Corners, Lythmore, Sandusk, Upper, Varency, are also located within Haldimand.

Historic townships

Haldimand County area 284,817 acres (1,153 km2) was formed from part of the land grant to the Six Nations in 1783. The County was purchased by treaty and opened for general settlement in 1832. It was first settled by white veterans of Butler's Rangers established there by Joseph Brant. A large number of Germans were among the first settlers.

  • Canborough, area 21,586 acres (87 km2). Granted in 1794 by Joseph Brant to John Dochstader of Butler's Rangers. Purchased by Benjamin Canby in 1810 for 5,000, he named the village-site "Canborough. Community centre: Canborough, Darling and it touches Dunnville
  • Dunn, area 15,122 acres (61 km2). Opened for settlement in 1833. Community centre: Dunnville
  • Moulton, area 27,781 acres (112 km2). Landowner Henry John Boulton named the township from the Boulton family seat in England.
  • North Cayuga, area 32,825 acres (133 km2).
  • Oneida, area 32,598 acres (132 km2). Joseph Brant granted a 999 year lease of part of Oneida and Seneca townships to Henry Nelles, of Butler's Rangers and his sons, Robert, Abraham, William, Warner and John. Community centres were: Caledonia, Dufferin and Hagersville.
  • Rainham, area 25,705 acres (104 km2) Community centres: Balmoral, Selkirk, Rainham Centre and Fisherville.
  • Seneca, area 41,721 acres (169 km2). Community centres: York and Caledonia
  • Sherbrooke, area 5,098 acres (21 km2), the smallest township in Ontario. Opened in 1825 and named from Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, a Governor-General of Canada. The Township was granted by the Indians to William Dickson (a lawyer) as a professional fee. Community centres: Stromness and Port Maitland.
  • South Cayuga, area 13,293 acres (54 km2). Community centre: Cayuga
  • Walpole, area 66,213 acres (268 km2). Community centres were: Hagersville, Jarvis, Selkirk, Cheapside and Nanticoke.

Source: Province of Ontario -- A History 1615 to 1927 by Jesse Edgar Middleton & Fred Landon, copyright 1927, Dominion Publishing Company, Toronto

Demographics

Population trend:[4]

  • Population in 2006: 45,212
  • Population in 2001: 43,728
  • Population total in 1996: 42,041

Ethnocultural statistics

Only ethnic groups that comprise greater than 1% of the population are included. Note that a person can report more than one group.[5]

  • English: 37.4%
  • "Canadian": 32.7%
  • Scottish: 24.9%
  • Irish: 20.1%
  • German: 18.4%
  • Dutch: 13.4%
  • French: 8.6%
  • Italian: 4.4%
  • Aboriginal: 3.3%
  • Ukrainian: 2.7%
  • Polish: 2.7%
  • Hungarian: 2.4%
  • Welsh: 2.0%
  • British Isles (other): 1.7%
  • Portuguese: 1.3%

Local government

The city is within the federal electoral riding of Haldimand—Norfolk and within provincial electoral riding of Haldimand—Norfolk.

Current Mayor: Ken Hewitt[6]

Previous Mayors:

Transportation

Highways that travel through Haldimand include: Ontario Highway 3, and Ontario Highway 6.

Protected areas

  • Haldimand Conservation Area
  • Selkirk Provincial Park
  • Taquanyah Conservation Area
  • Hedley Forest Conservation Area
  • Canborough Conservation Area
  • Ruigrok Tract Conservation Area
  • Oswego Conservation Area
  • Byng Island Conservation Area
  • Rock Point Provincial Park
  • Mohawk Island National Wildlife Area

Attractions

Notable people from Haldimand

Surrounding Counties

See also

References

External links

  • Haldimand County
  • Haldimand County Tourism
  • Haldimand County Business
  • Haldimand Collection
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