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Harderwijk

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Title: Harderwijk  
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Subject: Provincial road N302 (Netherlands), Jan Bos, Richard Roelofsen, Provincial road N707 (Netherlands), Elburg
Collection: Harderwijk, Municipalities of Gelderland, Populated Places in Gelderland
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Harderwijk

Harderwijk
Municipality
Harbour of Harderwijk seen from windmill De Hoop
Harbour of Harderwijk seen from windmill De Hoop
Flag of Harderwijk
Flag
Coat of arms of Harderwijk
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Harderwijk in a municipal map of Gelderland
Location in Gelderland
Coordinates:
Country Netherlands
Province Gelderland
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Harm-Jan van Schaik (CDA)
Area[2]
 • Total 48.27 km2 (18.64 sq mi)
 • Land 38.59 km2 (14.90 sq mi)
 • Water 9.68 km2 (3.74 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 3 m (10 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 45,668
 • Density 1,183/km2 (3,060/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Harderwijker
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 3840–3849
Area code 0341
Website .nl.harderwijkwww
Dutch Topographic map of Harderwijk (town), March 2014

Harderwijk (   ) (Dutch Low Saxon: Harderwiek) is a municipality and a small city almost at the exact geographical center of the Netherlands.

Contents

  • Population centres 1
  • The history of Harderwijk 2
  • Veluwe 3
  • Transport 4
  • Notable residents 5
  • References 6
    • Footnotes 6.1
    • Bibliography 6.2
  • External links 7

Population centres

The history of Harderwijk

Harderwijk received city rights from Count Otto II of Guelders in 1231.[5] A defensive wall surrounding the city was completed by the end of that century. The oldest part of the city is near where the streets Hoogstraat and Grote Poortstraat are today. Around 1315 the city was expanded southwards, which included the construction of what is now called the Grote Kerk (Great Church). A second, northward expansion took place around 1425. Particularly along the west side of town much of the wall still exists, although often not in entirely original form. This also goes for the only remaining city gate, the Vischpoort (Fish Gate).

Between 1648 and 1811 the University of Harderwijk operated in the city. The Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist, Carl Linnaeus graduated at this university. The university, together with the universities of Zutphen and Franeker, was abolished by Napoleon.

Harderwijk was a member of the Hanseatic League. It lies on what used to be the Zuiderzee shore (Southern Sea, now the IJsselmeer) and consequently its economy was strongly based on fishing and seafaring in general. This dramatically changed after 1932, when the Zuiderzee was cut off from the North Sea for safety reasons. Because of this, few fishing boats remain in the harbour these days, which is now mainly home to yachts. An annual event illustrating the former importantance of the fishing industry to Harderwijk is Aaltjesdag, which translates to Eel day. Fish can still be bought at stands and restaurants on the boulevard throughout the year except for the winter months. Tourists are common customers, while local people no longer make their living from the fisheries.

Today, Harderwijk is probably known best for the Dolfinarium Harderwijk, a marine mammal park where dolphin shows are held and various other marine mammals and fish are kept.

Veluwe

Harderwijk is on the western boundary of the Veluwe region and the southeastern half of the municipality consists largely of forests.

Transport

Railway Station: Harderwijk

Notable residents

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Samenstelling" [Members] (in Dutch). Gemeente Harderwijk. Retrieved 17 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch).  
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 3841AA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 17 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch).  
  5. ^ Stenvert, R. et al. (2000). Monumenten in Nederland: Gelderland, p. 50 and 183–188. Zwolle: Waanders Uitgevers. ISBN 90-400-9406-3

Bibliography

  •  

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Official website
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