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Harrisburg–Carlisle, Pennsylvania, metropolitan statistical area

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Title: Harrisburg–Carlisle, Pennsylvania, metropolitan statistical area  
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Subject: Pennsylvania, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Wyoming Valley, Philadelphia, Lehigh Valley
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Harrisburg–Carlisle, Pennsylvania, metropolitan statistical area

Map of the Harrisburg–Carlisle–Lebanon CSA, composed of the following parts:
  Harrisburg–Carlisle metropolitan statistical area
  Lebanon metropolitan statistical area

The Harrisburg–Carlisle, Pennsylvania, metropolitan statistical area is defined by the United States Census Bureau as an area consisting of three counties in Pennsylvania's Susquehanna Valley, anchored by the cities of Harrisburg and (to a lesser-extent) Carlisle. As of the 2010 census, the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) had a population of 549,475 (though a July 1, 2009 estimate placed the population at 536,919).[1] In 2009, Harrisburg–Carlisle was the 96th largest metropolitan area in the United States.

Metro history

  • 1950: The Harrisburg standard metropolitan area (SMA), consisting of Cumberland and Dauphin counties, was first defined.[2]
  • 1959: Following a term change by the Bureau of the Budget (present-day Office of Management and Budget), the Harrisburg SMA became the Harrisburg standard metropolitan statistical area (SMSA).[3]
  • 1963: Perry County added to the Harrisburg SMSA.[4]
  • 1983: Harrisburg SMSA renamed the Harrisburg–Lebanon–Carlisle metropolitan statistical area (MSA);[3] Lebanon County added to the MSA.[5]
  • 2003: MSA split into two separate metropolitan areas – Harrisburg–Carlisle metropolitan statistical area (Cumberland, Dauphin, and Perry counties) and the Lebanon metropolitan statistical area (Lebanon County);[6] Both MSAs together form the Harrisburg–Carlisle–Lebanon combined statistical area.
  • 2010: The Harrisburg–York–Lebanon urban agglomeration area is defined for the first time, linking York County to the CSA.[7]


As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 509,074 people, 202,380 households, and 134,557 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 86.20% White, 9.39% African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.68% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.17% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.67% of the population.

The median income for a household in the MSA was $43,374, and the median income for a family was $51,792. Males had a median income of $36,368 versus $26,793 for females. The per capita income for the MSA was $21,432.

In 2009 the urban population of the MSA increased to 383,008 from 362,782 in 2000, a change of 20,226 people.[9]

Combined statistical area

The Harrisburg–York–Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA) is made up of six counties. The statistical area includes four metropolitan areas. As of the 2010 Census, the CSA had a population of 1,219,422.[10] The CSA ranked 5th in the state of Pennsylvania, and 43rd most populous in the United States.



As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 629,401 people, 248,931 households, and 167,328 families residing within the CSA. The racial makeup of the CSA was 87.78% White, 7.84% African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.53% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.38% from other races, and 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.11% of the population.

The median income for a household in the CSA was $42,740, and the median income for a family was $51,071. Males had a median income of $35,660 versus $26,116 for females. The per capita income for the CSA was $21,017.


Geographic Area July 1, 2005 2000 Census 1990 Census 1980 Census 1970 Census
Harrisburg–Carlisle–Lebanon, PA CSA 647,390 629,401 587,986 556,242 510,170
Cumberland County, Pennsylvania 223,089 213,674 195,257 178,541 158,177
Dauphin County, Pennsylvania 253,995 251,798 237,813 232,317 223,834
Lebanon County, Pennsylvania 125,578 120,327 113,744 108,582 99,665
Perry County, Pennsylvania 44,728 43,602 41,172 35,830 28,615

Urban agglomeration area

In 2010, the Harrisburg area was combined with York and Lebanon as an urban agglomeration, or a contiguous area of continuously developed urban land,[7][11] signifying a future merger with the York–Hanover MSA, which would create a combined statistical area of over 1 million people.

See also


  1. ^ "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 (CBSA-EST2009-01)" ( 
  2. ^ "Standard Metropolitan Areas (SMAs) and Components" ( 
  3. ^ a b "About Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas".  
  4. ^ "Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSAs) and Components, 1963" ( 
  5. ^ "Metropolitan Areas and Components, 1983" ( 
  6. ^ "Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Components, 2003" ( 
  7. ^ a b America's Urban Agglomerations 2010 Proximity, Retrieved January 21, 2011.
  8. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  9. ^ America's Urban Population: Patterns & Characteristics 2000-2009 Proximity, 2009 data, Retrieved January 21, 2011.
  10. ^
  11. ^ Differences between the Proposed 2010 Census Urban Area Criteria and the Census 2000 Urban Area Criteria United States Census Bureau, 2010. Retrieved January 21, 2011.

External links

  • PA MSA 1990 Census and 1994 Population Estimates
  • Quickfacts from U.S. Census Bureau
  • Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990

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