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Title: Hashtrud  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Central District (Hashtrud County), Nazarkahrizi District, Cities in East Azerbaijan Province, Ajab Shir, Gugan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Country Iran
Province East Azerbaijan
County Hashtrud
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 18,418
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Hashtrud (Persian: هشترود‎; also Romanized as Hashtrūd; also known as Āz̄arān, Sarāskand, Sar Eskand, Sar Eskandar, and Sar Eskand Khān)[1] is a city in and the capital of Hashtrud County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Hashtrud is located 140 km from Tabriz, the capital of the East-Azerbaijan province of Iran. During the 2006 census, the population was 18,418, with 4,493 families.[2] Hashtrud is also bordered with the Sahand mountains toward the west of the city, and is surrounded by several rivers, such as the Qranqvchay, and Ozan river.[3]


Hashtrud is home to the Zahhak Castle, named after Zahhak in ancient Persian mythology. The castle was inhabited by various Persian dynasties until the Timurid era.[4]

Before the 1979 Islamic Revolution, a census report recalls that Hashtrud was home to roughly 10 Jewish families.[5]


  1. ^ Hashtrud can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3054140" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel).  
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  4. ^
  5. ^
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