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Head of Government of Tunisia

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Head of Government of Tunisia

Head of Government of the Republic of Tunisia
رئيس حكومة الجمهورية التونسية
Chef du gouvernement de la République tunisienne
Coat of Arms of Tunisia
Mehdi Jomaa

since 29 January 2014
Residence Dar El Bey(fr), Tunis, Tunisia
Appointer Moncef Marzouki,
as Interim President of Tunisia
Term length Not term limited
Inaugural holder Mustapha Dinguizli
Formation May 1922
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Foreign relations

This page lists the holders of the office of Head of Government of Tunisia, called Prime Minister until the Revolution. The office was created in May 1922. Mustapha Dinguizli was thus Tunisia's first Prime Minister in the modern sense. Prior to that, Tunisia had traditional Muslim-style viziers.

Constitutional powers

The powers of the Head of Government are established by the current Constitution of Tunisia of 2014. Under Articles 91, 92 and 94, the Head of Government sets the State's general policy except for foreign policy and domestic security. It is responsible for:

  • Creating, amending and dissolving ministries (Except ministries of Defence and Foreign Affairs which require the president's approval).
  • Creating, amending and dissolving public institutions, public entities and administrative departments.
  • Issuing governmental decrees after consulting the Council of Ministers.
  • Shall endorse and sign, where appropriate, regulatory orders issued by ministers.
  • Request the parliament to give vote of confidence to its government.

Now, according to the law on the provisional organization of public authorities, the Head of Government can create or abolish departments as well as define the tasks and responsibilities of each institution under the supervision of the government. It is he who appoints senior civil servants, with the help of the Minister of the sector. He appoints the governor of the Central Bank after consultation with the President. He can also dissolve municipal councils, regional councils and local councils after seeking the advice of the President.

The Head of Government, together with the President, represent Tunisia at home and abroad.

List of heads of government of Tunisia (1800–Present)

# Portrait Name
Term of Office Party
Grand Viziers of the Beylik of Tunis
1 Yusuf Sahib al-Tabi
يوسف صاحب الطابع
(c. 1765–1815)
1800 23 January 1815 Independent
Vacant (23 January 1815–1822)
2 Husain Khoja
حسين خوجة
1822 1829 Independent
3 Rashid al-Shakir Sahib al-Taba'a
شاكير صاحب الطابع
(c. 1790–1837)
1829 1837 Independent
4 Mustapha Khaznadar
مصطفى خزندار
1837 22 October 1873 Independent
5 Hayreddin Pasha
خير الدين باشا التونسي
22 October 1873 21 July 1877 Independent
6 Mohamed Khaznadar
محمد خزندار
(c. 1810–1889)
(1st Term)
21 July 1877 24 August 1878 Independent
7 Mustapha Ben Ismail
أبو النخبة مصطفى بن اسماعيل
(c. 1850–1887)
24 August 1878 12 September 1881 Independent
(6) Mohamed Khaznadar
محمد خزندار
(c. 1810–1889)
(2nd Term)
12 September 1881 October 1882 Independent
8 Aziz Bouattour
محمد العزيز بوعتور
October 1882 4 February 1907 Independent
9 M'hamed Djellouli
امحمّد جلولي
18 February 1907 June 1908[1] Independent
10 Youssef Djait
يوسف جعيط
June 1908 June 1915 Independent
11 Taïeb Djellouli
الطيب جلولي
October 1915 May 1922 Independent
Prime Ministers of the Beylik of Tunis
1 Mustapha Dinguizli
مصطفى الدنقزلي
May 1922 20 October 1926[1] Independent
2 Khelil Bouhageb
خليل بوحاجب
3 November 1926 2 March 1932 Independent
3 Hédi Lakhoua
2 March 1932 31 December 1942 Independent
4 Mohamed Chenik
محمد شنيق
(1st Term)
1 January 1943 15 May 1943 Independent
5 Slaheddine Baccouche
صلاح الدين البكوش
(1st Term)
15 May 1943 21 July 1947 Independent
6 Mustapha Kaak
مصطفى الكعاك
21 July 1947 17 August 1950 Independent
(4) Mohamed Chenik
محمد شنيق
(2nd Term)
17 August 1950 26 March 1952 Independent
(5) Slaheddine Baccouche
صلاح الدين البكوش
(2nd Term)
12 April 1952 2 March 1954 Independent
7 Mohamed Salah Mzali
2 March 1954 6 July 1954 Independent
Georges Dupoizat
(Acting Prime Minister)
6 July 1954 7 August 1954 Independent
8 Tahar Ben Ammar
الطاهر بن عمار
7 August 1954 20 March 1956 Destour
(Constitutional Liberal Party)
Prime Ministers of the Kingdom of Tunisia
(8) Tahar Ben Ammar
الطاهر بن عمار
20 March 1956 11 April 1956 Destour
(Constitutional Liberal Party)
9 Habib Bourguiba
حبيب بورقيبة
11 April 1956 25 July 1957[2] Neo Destour
(New Constitutional Liberal Party)
Prime Ministers of the Republic of Tunisia
Post abolished (25 July 1957–7 November 1969)[3]
10 Bahi Ladgham
الباهي الأدغم
7 November 1969 2 November 1970 Socialist Destourian Party
11 Hedi Amara Nouira
الهادي نويرة
2 November 1970 23 April 1980 Socialist Destourian Party
12 Mohammed Mzali
محمد مزالي
23 April 1980 8 July 1986 Socialist Destourian Party
13 Rachid Sfar
رشيد صفر
(b. 1933)
8 July 1986 2 October 1987 Socialist Destourian Party
14 Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
زين العابدين بن علي
(b. 1936)
2 October 1987 7 November 1987[4] Socialist Destourian Party
15 Hédi Baccouche
الهادي البكوش
(b. 1930)
7 November 1987 27 February 1988 Socialist Destourian Party
(15) 27 February 1988 27 September 1989 Constitutional Democratic Rally
16 Hamed Karoui
حامد القروي
(b. 1927)
27 September 1989 17 November 1999 Constitutional Democratic Rally
17 Mohamed Ghannouchi
محمد الغنوشي
(b. 1941)
17 November 1999 18 January 2011[5] Constitutional Democratic Rally
(17) 18 January 2011 27 February 2011[6] Independent
18 Beji Caid Essebsi
الباجي قائد السبسي
(b. 1926)
27 February 2011 24 December 2011 Independent
Heads of Government of the Republic of Tunisia
19 Hamadi Jebali
حمادي الجبالي
(b. 1949)
24 December 2011 14 March 2013 Ennahda Movement
20 Ali Laarayedh
علي العريّض
(b. 1955)
14 March 2013 29 January 2014[7] Ennahda Movement
21 Mehdi Jomaa
مهدي جمعة
(b. 1962)
29 January 2014[7] Incumbent Independent


  1. ^ a b Died in office
  2. ^ Deposed Muhammad VIII al-Amin and became President
  3. ^ During this interval, Secretary of the Presidency Bahi Ladgham acted as the de facto Prime Minister
  4. ^ Deposed Bourguiba and became President
  5. ^ "Tunisia: New government leaders quit ruling party".  
  6. ^ Resigned during the Tunisian revolution
  7. ^ a b "Tunisia’s new government of independents sworn in". Daily News Egypt. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014. 

See also

External links

  • World Statesmen - Tunisia
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