World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Healthcare in Malaysia

Article Id: WHEBN0012790131
Reproduction Date:

Title: Healthcare in Malaysia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 2009 flu pandemic in Malaysia, Malaysia, Outline of Malaysia, Health in Malaysia, Smoking in Malaysia
Collection: Health in Malaysia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Healthcare in Malaysia


Life in Malaysia

Healthcare in Malaysia is mainly under the responsibility of the government's Ministry of Health. Malaysia generally has an efficient and widespread system of health care, operating a two-tier health care system consisting of both a government-run universal healthcare system and a co-existing private healthcare system. Infant mortality rate – a standard in determining the overall efficiency of healthcare – in 2005 was 10, comparing favourably with the United States and western Europe. Life expectancy at birth in 2005 was 74 years.[1]

Contents

  • History of Healthcare in Malaysia 1
  • Healthcare today in Malaysia 2
  • Government policy and action 3
    • Influenza 3.1
    • Medicine via Post 3.2
  • List of medical schools in Malaysia 4
  • List of Medical Hospital in Malaysia Supporting Medical Tourism 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8

History of Healthcare in Malaysia

Healthcare in Malaysia has undergone radical transformations. Earliest pre-colonial medical care was confined to traditional remedies current among local populations of Malays, Chinese and other ethnic groups. The advent of colonialism brought western medical practice into the country. Since the country's independence in August 1957, the system of medical care transferred from the British colonial rule has been transformed to meet the needs of emerging diseases, as well as national political requirements.

Healthcare today in Malaysia

Malaysia has a widespread system of health care. It implements a universal healthcare system, which co-exists with the private healthcare system.[2] Infant mortality rate – a standard in determining the overall efficiency of healthcare – in 2005 was 10, comparing favourably with the United States and western Europe. Life expectancy at birth in 2005 was 74 years.[3]

Healthcare in Malaysia is divided into private and public sectors. Malaysian society places importance on the expansion and development of healthcare, putting 5% of the government social sector development budget into public healthcare – an increase of more than 47% over the previous figure. This has meant an overall increase of more than RM 2 billion. With a rising and ageing population, the Government wishes to improve in many areas including the refurbishment of existing hospitals, building and equipping new hospitals, expansion of the number of polyclinics, and improvements in training and expansion of telehealth. Over the last couple of years they have increased their efforts to overhaul the systems and attract more foreign investment.

The Malaysian health care system requires doctors to perform a compulsory three years service with public hospitals to ensure that the manpower in these hospitals is maintained.[2] Doctors are required to perform 4 years including 2 years of housemanship and 2 years government service with public hospitals throughout the nation, ensuring adequate coverage of medical needs for the general population. Foreign doctors are encouraged to apply for employment in Malaysia, especially if they are qualified to a higher level. There is still, however, a significant shortage in the medical workforce, especially of highly trained specialists; thus, certain medical care and treatment are available only in large cities. Recent efforts to bring many facilities to other towns have been hampered by lack of expertise to run the available equipment. As a result certain medical care and treatment is available only in large cities.

The government hospitals have the country's best healthcare equipment and facilities apart from having specialists in the field. However the main drawback is the shortage of staff in public hospitals compare to number of patients seeking treatment has led to long queues.[4] Private hospitals are mostly located at urban areas and are equipped with the latest diagnostic and imaging facilities. Private hospitals have not generally been seen as an ideal investment—it has often taken up to ten years before companies have seen any profits. However, the situation has now changed and companies are now exploring this area again, corresponding with the increased number of foreigners entering Malaysia for medical care and the recent government focus on developing the health tourism industry.[5] The Government has also been trying to promote Malaysia as a health care destination, regionally and internationally.[6]

Government policy and action

The Malaysian government places importance on the expansion and development of health care, putting 5% of the government social sector development budget into public health care—an increase of more than 47% over the previous figure. This has meant an overall increase of more than RM 2 billion. With a rising and ageing population, the Government wishes to improve in many areas including the refurbishment of existing hospitals, building and equipping new hospitals, expansion of the number of polyclinics, and improvements in training and expansion of telehealth. A major problem with the health care sector is the lack of medical centres for rural areas, which the government is trying to counter through the development of and expansion of a system called "tele-primary care".[2] Another issue is the overperscription of drugs, though this has decreased in recent years.[7] Over the last couple of years, the Malaysian Health Ministry has increased its efforts to overhaul the system and attract more foreign investment.

Influenza

The

  • Malaysia Hospital and Healthcare consultation, Non Profit Organization Site
  • Commercial links for medical tourism in Malaysia
  • Malaysian Medical Association
  • Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • List Of Medical Tourism In Malaysia

External links

  •  

Further reading

  • 'Malaysian Medical Council – Second Schedule of Approved Medical Schools'
  • Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus MBA-Healthcare Management
  • Dr Mubbashir Iftikhar, CIO, KPJ Healthcare Bhd, updates on local healthcare IT
  • Tour De Health, Medical Hospital Review Site, List Of Medical Tourism In Malaysia
  1. ^ "UNICEF website for data from 2005". Unicef.org. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c moveforward (8 August 2009). "Health Care in Malaysia". Expatforum.com. Retrieved 17 September 2010. 
  3. ^ "Malaysia – Statistics". UNICEF. Retrieved 17 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "Public or private hospitals? The choice is yours". The Borneo Post. 
  5. ^ "Media Release:Health Tourism in Malaysia".  
  6. ^ "The Official Site of Malaysia Healthcare Travel & Medical Tourism". Myhealthcare.gov.my. 3 July 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2010. 
  7. ^ "Healthcare in Malaysia". Allianzworldwidecare.com. Retrieved 17 September 2010. 
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ Medicine via Post in govt hospitals, by Husa Yusop, 24 January 2012

References

  1. Columbia Asia Hospital (Bkt Rimau)
  2. Damai Service Hospital
  3. DEMC Specialist Hospital – Shah Alam
  4. Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur
  5. Gleneagles Medical Centre Penang
  6. Global Doctors Specialist Centre (Hospital)
  7. Pantai Hospital Ipoh
  8. Sime Darby Subang Jaya Medical Center, Malaysia

List of Medical Hospital in Malaysia Supporting Medical Tourism

  1. Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia aka Hospital UKM, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur.
  2. Faculty of Medicine and Health Science Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia USIM, Pandan Indah, Kuala Lumpur
  3. School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan.
  4. Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur.
  5. Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  6. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan.
  7. Faculty of Medicine & Health Science, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kota Campus, Jalan Sultan Mahmud, 20400 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu.
  8. Penang Medical College
  9. International Medical University
  10. Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia
  11. UniKL Royal College of Medicine, Perak
  12. Melaka Manipal Medical College
  13. Aimst University
  14. MAHSA University
  15. Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)
  16. Universiti Malaysia Sabah
  17. UCSI university
  18. Allianze College of Medical Sciences (ACMS)
  19. Cyberjaya University College of Medical Sciences
  20. Monash University Sunway Campus
  21. Management & Science University (MSU)
  22. Faculty of Medicine and Defense Health, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia
  23. Perdana University Royal College of Surgeon in Ireland (PURCSI), Serdang
  24. Perdana University Graduate School of Medicine (PUGSOM), Serdang
  25. Utar Sungai Long

Recognised by the Malaysian Medical Council as of 1 November 2009:

List of medical schools in Malaysia

In January 2011 the Malaysia government launched a program to renew prescriptions via mail. Medicine via Post targets patients with chronic diseases. To be eligible to participate patients have to receive a certification from a pharmacist that their condition is stable and that they understand how to properly use their medication. Patients pay delivery costs which are RM3.5 in Putrajaya, RM5.0 for other locations in Peninsular Malaysia, and RM8.0 for Sabah and Sarawak. The program is based on a pilot-project conducted at Putrajaya Hospital started in October 2009.[9]

Medicine via Post

outbreak in 2004. H5N1 (bird flu) situation (Malaysia was not a SARS affected country) and the episode of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) was fully prepared during the Malaysia virus outbreak in 1999, the Malaysian Health Ministry have put in place processes to be better prepared to protect the Malaysian population from the threat of infectious diseases. Nipah Since the [8]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.