Helmut Bergmann

Helmut Bergmann
Born 26 May 1920
Died 6 August 1944(1944-08-06) (aged 24)
Mortain, France
Buried at German War Cemetery Marigny
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Years of service ?–1944
Rank Hauptmann
Unit NJG 4, NJG 1
Commands held 8./Nachtjagdgeschwader 4

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Helmut Bergmann (26 May 1920 – 6 August 1944) was a German Luftwaffe night fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Bergmann claimed 36 nocturnal aerial victories in 135 combat missions.[Notes 1]


Bergmann was born in 1920 in Bochum. He joined the Luftwaffe in May 1940. After completing his pilot training in July 1941, he was assigned to the Ergänzungsstaffel (Training/Supplement Squadron) of Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 (NJG 1—1st Night Fighter Wing). He was then assigned to 8./Nachtjagdgeschwader 4 (NJG 4—4th Night Fighter Wing) in early 1942. Promoted Staffelkapitän of 7./NJG 4 in April 1944, Bergmann shot down 7 Lancasters in 46 minutes on the night of 10/11 April 1944, all from an RAF Bomber Command raid on the Aulnoye-Aymeries rail marshalling yard on the Franco-Belgian frontier. 38 Allied aircrew were killed. This was Bergmann's most successful sortie. He was transferred to 6./NJG 4 in May. On 9 June 1944 he received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes for achieving 30 victories.

However, four months later Bergmann and his crew, radar operator Fw. Gunter Hauthal and gunner Fw. Willie Schopp, would be shot down and killed in Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4 (Werknummer 140320—factory number) on the night of 6/ 7 August 1944 at Mortain on the Cotentin (Cherbourg) Peninsula. F/L Surman, flying a Mosquito of No. 604 Squadron RAF, may have shot them down as he claimed a Bf 110 destroyed, however friendly fire from the 1st SS Leibstandarte Panzer division who were launching Operation Lüttich, the counterattack at Mortain may have been responsible.[1]




  • Stuart, Nimmo (2012) "Perilous Moon:Occupied France, 1944 - The End Game". Philadelphia & Oxford: Casemate Publication. ISBN 978-1-61200-124-1

External links

  • World War 2 Awards.com
  • Ritterkreuztraeger 1939-1945

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