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Henri Christian Michel de Stengel

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Title: Henri Christian Michel de Stengel  
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Subject: Battle of Mondovì, Second Battle of Dego, Names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe, Jemappes 1792 Order of Battle, Montenotte 1796 Campaign Order of Battle, Montenotte Campaign
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Henri Christian Michel de Stengel

Henri Christian Michel de Stengel (May 11, 1744 – April 28, 1796) joined the French royal army, rapidly rose to general officer rank during the French Revolutionary Wars, and was mortally wounded in Italian campaign while serving in General Napoleon Bonaparte's army.

Early career

Born in Neustadt an der Weinstraße in the Electorate of Bavaria in 1744, Stengel joined the Bavarian army's Palatine Guards in 1758. He entered the French army in 1760 and fought in the Seven Years' War.[1] He became a lieutenant in 1762, a captain in 1769, and a major in 1788. After the French Revolution he was appointed colonel of the 1st Hussar Regiment.

French Revolutionary Wars

Soon after, Stengel served as a general of brigade in the Army of the North at the Battle of Valmy in September 1792. Still under the command of Charles Dumouriez, he fought at the Battle of Jemappes in November 1792.[2] Later that year, he led Dumouriez's advance guard in successful actions at Mechelen (Malines) and Voroux-les-Liers in the Austrian Netherlands. In March 1793, he was defeated at Aldenhoven and driven out of Aachen by the Allies. For this he was arrested and tried before a Revolutionary Tribunal. He was acquitted but retired from military service.[3]

Restored to favor, Stengel was reappointed general of brigade on March 1, 1795. Promoted to general of division on June 13, he was transferred to command the cavalry of the Army of Italy. At the Battle of Mondovì on April 21, 1796, he was seriously wounded in the arm while leading a charge against the Sardinian Army. On April 28, he died in Carassone following a surgery in which his arm was amputated.[4] He was buried in the church of San Giovanni in Lupazzanio beside the altar "A cornu epistulae" (at the right side).[5]

At Saint-Helena, Napoleon wrote of Stengel, "Adroit, intelligent, alert; was a true general of outposts, collecting all military and topographic information without being directed; combined the qualities of youth with the experience of age."[6]


  • Chandler, David. Dictionary of the Napoleonic Wars. New York: Macmillan, 1979. ISBN 0-02-523670-9
  • Fiebeger, G. J. (1911). The Campaigns of Napoleon Bonaparte of 1796–1797. West Point, New York: US Military Academy Printing Office. 
  • Smith, Digby. The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill, 1998. ISBN 1-85367-276-9


  1. ^ Chandler, p 420
  2. ^ Smith, p 30
  3. ^ Chandler, p 421
  4. ^ Chandler, p 421
  5. ^ Napoleone in Piemonte Mauro Minola
  6. ^ Fiebeger, study folder, p 8
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