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Heyuan

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Heyuan

Heyuan
河源市
Prefecture-level city
Location of Heyuan City jurisdiction in Guangdong
Location of Heyuan City jurisdiction in Guangdong
Heyuan is located in China
Heyuan
Heyuan
Location in China
Coordinates:
Country People's Republic of China
Province Guangdong
Municipal seat Yuancheng District
Area
 • Total 15,478 km2 (5,976 sq mi)
Elevation 39 m (128 ft)
Population
 • Total 3,320,000
 • Density 210/km2 (560/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 0762
License Plate P
Heyuan
Chinese 河源
Cantonese Jyutping Ho4 jyun4
Cantonese Yale Hòhyùhn
Hanyu Pinyin Héyuán
Postal Map Hoyun
Literal meaning River spring

Héyuán (Chinese: 河源) is a prefecture-level city of Guangdong province in the People's Republic of China. Heyuan has a population of about 207,600. The majority of the people are Hakka. The city includes many rainforests and the largest lake in Guangdong: Xinfengjiang Reservoir. The literal meaning of the city's name is "origin of the river".

Geography

Heyuan is located in the north-east region of Guangdong, upper reach of Dong River at its confluence with the Xingeng River. Its latitude spans 23° 10'–24° 50' N, and longitude 114° 13'–115° 35' E. It borders Huizhou to the south, Ganzhou (Jiangxi) to the north, Meizhou to the east and Shaoguan to the west. Heyuan is a regional hub that connects the coastal areas of Guangdong and the interior countryside.

Heyuan is rich in natural resources and fertile land. There are 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi) of cultivated land, 13,600 km2 (5,300 sq mi) of hilly land, and 640 square kilometres (250 sq mi) of water area. Many mineral deposits such as iron ore, tungsten, tin, fluorite are found in Heyuan.

Climate

Heyuan has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with short, mild to warm winters, and long, hot, humid summers. Winter begins sunny and dry but becomes progressively wetter and cloudier. Spring is generally overcast and often rainy, while summer continues to be rainy though is much sunnier; there are 9.1 days annually with 50 mm (1.97 in) of rainfall. Autumn is sunny and dry. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 12.7 °C (54.9 °F) in January to 28.4 °C (83.1 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 21.49 °C (70.7 °F). The annual rainfall is just over 2,000 mm (79 in), and is delivered in bulk (47%) from April to June. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 23% in March to 55% in October and November, the city receives 1,842 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Heyuan (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.1
(64.6)
18.4
(65.1)
21.7
(71.1)
25.8
(78.4)
29.2
(84.6)
31.4
(88.5)
33.2
(91.8)
33.1
(91.6)
31.7
(89.1)
28.9
(84)
24.2
(75.6)
20.1
(68.2)
26.3
(79.4)
Average low °C (°F) 9.1
(48.4)
10.7
(51.3)
14.2
(57.6)
18.7
(65.7)
22.1
(71.8)
24.3
(75.7)
25.1
(77.2)
24.9
(76.8)
23.5
(74.3)
20.0
(68)
14.9
(58.8)
10.4
(50.7)
18.2
(64.7)
Rainfall mm (inches) 53.4
(2.102)
94.3
(3.713)
153.3
(6.035)
259.5
(10.217)
338.1
(13.311)
345.5
(13.602)
218.2
(8.591)
246.1
(9.689)
157.5
(6.201)
61.0
(2.402)
39.3
(1.547)
39.8
(1.567)
2,006
(78.976)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.0 12.5 16.4 17.8 20.1 19.5 16.7 17.8 12.6 6.1 5.3 5.8 158.6
% humidity 70 75 79 81 82 83 80 81 77 70 66 66 75.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 135.8 91.7 85.3 92.8 122.5 155.3 219.0 200.9 189.7 197.1 180.5 172.0 1,842.6
Percent possible sunshine 41 29 23 24 30 38 53 50 52 55 55 52 41.8
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Language

In the great majority of Heyuan areas, Hakka Chinese is in general use.

In the greater part of areas in the city, Dongyuan County, Lianping County, Heping County, Longchuan County etc., it belongs to the Yuezhong dialect group, while in Zijin County and part of Longchuan County, it belongs to the Yuetai dialect group.

Also, in some areas on the banks of the Dongjiang, Dongjiang Bendihua is in general use. Its classification is disputed between the Yuezhong division of Hakka and the Huihe division of Yue.

Administration

Heyuan City administers Yuancheng District, Dongyuan County, Heping County, Longchuan County, Zijin County and Lianping County. The total area is 15,800 square kilometres (6,100 sq mi). Heyuan city and its districts have a population of 3.2194 million. The municipality seat is in Yuancheng District.

Map
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Yuancheng District 源城区 Yuánchéng Qū 300,000 365 822
2 Zijin County 紫金县 Zǐjīn Xiàn 800,000 3,619 221
3 Longchuan County 龙川县 Lóngchuān Xiàn 860,000 2,088 412
4 Lianping County 连平县 Liánpíng Xiàn 370,000 2,025 183
5 Heping County 和平县 Hépíng Xiàn 490,000 2,511 195
6 Dongyuan County 东源县 Dōngyuán Xiàn 520,000 4,070 128

Economy

Heyuan city is a major economic and transportation hub for the Beijing-Kowloon Railway and the Guangzhou-Meizhou-Shantou Railway which crosses the city. There is also a marshalling station at Longchuan, which is the biggest in southern China.

State Highway 105 and 205 run through the city. Dong River which Heyuan City is located in plays an important strategic waterway which allows huge cargo ships to transport goods to Huizhou, Dongguan, and Guangzhou.

Heyuan city is the major producer of Chinese kiwi fruit dried mushrooms of Jiulian, garlic, Hakka brewed liquor, Xinfengjiang pure water and mineral water, bamboo mats, sweet tangerines, green tea, and pot culture.

Transport

Heyuan is served by the Hong Kong-Beijing Jingjiu railway with two stations: Heyuan railway station and Longchuan railway station.

Attractions

Xinfengjian Forest Park

Heyuan City has a lot of tourist attraction. There is a very tall fountain located in Xinfengjiang forest park. There are scenic areas such as the Dagui Mountain and the first big artificial lake; Wanlu Lake and the Sujiawei Round House.

Longchuan County

Longchuan county is home to spectacular scenic spots in Huoshan and Shuikeng.

Zijin County

Zijin county is the home of Dr. Sun Yat-Sen's ancestors.

Lianping

The Neiguan Mountains and rivers are located in Lianping county.

Dongyuan County

In Dongyuan county, there are scenic spots at Huanglong Crag and Zhangxi.

Sister cities

External links

  • http://www.heyuan.gov.cn/website/index.jsp (Chinese)
  • The history of Heyuan
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