World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

History of Mumbai under Islamic rule

Article Id: WHEBN0019745804
Reproduction Date:

Title: History of Mumbai under Islamic rule  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Mumbai, St. Michael's Church, Mumbai, History of Mumbai under indigenous empires
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

History of Mumbai under Islamic rule

The history of Mumbai under Islamic rule began in 1348 and continued until 1534.

History

The Haji Ali Dargah in Bombay built in 1431, by a Muslim saint named Haji Ali, when Mumbai was under Islamic rule

From 1348 to 1391, the islands were under the Muzaffarid dynasty. In 1391, shortly after the establishment of the Gujarat Sultanate, Muzaffar Shah I was appointed viceroy of north Konkan.[1] For the administration of Bombay islands, he appointed a governor for Mahim shortly. During the reign of Ahmad Shah I (1411–1443), Malik-us-Sharq was appointed governor of Mahim, and he improved the existing revenue system. During the early 14th century, the Bhandaris seized the island of Mahim from the Sultanate and ruled it for eight years.[2] However, it was shortly reconquered by Rai Qutb of the Gujarat Sultanate.[3] Firishta, a Persian historian, recorded that by 1429 the seat of Government of the Gujarat Sultanate had transferred from Thane to Bombay (Mahim).[4] On Rai Qutb's death in 1429–1430, Ahmad Shah I Wali of the Bahmani Sultanate of Deccan succeeded in capturing Salsette and Mahim.[5][6]

The carrack which Francisco de Almeida employed on his voyage to Bombay

Ahmad Shah I retaliated by sending his son Jafar Khan to recapture the lost territory, who emerged victorious in the battle fought between him and Ahmad Shah I Wali. In 1431, Mahim was recaptured by the Sultanate of Gujarat.[6] On the Gujarat commandant of Mahim Kutb Khan's death after a few years, Ahmad Shah I Wali again despatched a large army to capture Mahim. In response, Ahmad Shah I sent down a huge army and navy under Jafar Khan. The defeat of Ahmad Shah I Wali in the battle witnessed the freedom of Bombay from all attacks by the Bahmani Sultanate.[3] The Gujarat Sultanate's patronage led to the construction of many Islamic mosques, prominent being the Haji Ali Dargah, built by the Muslim saint Haji Ali in 1431.[7][8] Later, the islands came under Bahadur Khan Gilani of the Gujarat Sultanate.[9] During the years 1491–1494, Bombay was wrested from Gilani's control by the Bahamani general Mahmud Gavan.[10] In 1508, Portuguese explorer Francisco de Almeida's ship sailed into the deep natural harbour of the island and he called it Bom Bahia (Good Bay).[11] However, the Portuguese paid their first visit to the Bombay islands on 21 January 1509 when they landed at Mahim after capturing a Gujarat barge in the Bandra creek.[12] After a series of attacks by the Gujarat Sultanate on Bombay, the islands were recaptured by Sultan Bahadur Shah from Mahmud Gavan.[9]

In 1526, the Portuguese established their factory at Bassein.[13] In 1528–1529, Lopo Vaz de Sampaio seized the fort of Mahim from the Gujarat Sultanate, when the King was at war with Nizam-ul-mulk, the lord of Cheul, a town south of Bombay.[14][15] Bahadur Shah had grown apprehensive of the power of the Mughal emperor Humayun and he was obliged to sign the Treaty of Diu with the Portuguese in 1534. According to the treaty, the islands of Bombay and Bassein were offered to the Portuguese.[16] However, Bassein and the seven islands were surrendered later by a treaty of peace and commerce between Bahadur Shah and Nuno da Cunha on 25 October 1535.[17]

Notes

  1. ^ Prinsep, Thomas & Henry 1858, p. 315
  2. ^ Greater Bombay District Gazetteer 1986, p. 158
  3. ^ a b Greater Bombay District Gazetteer 1986, p. 159
  4. ^ Greater Bombay District Gazetteer 1986, p. 150
  5. ^ Misra 1982, p. 193
  6. ^ a b Misra 1982, p. 222
  7. ^ "Haji ali set to go, and rise again".  
  8. ^ Greater Bombay District Gazetteer 1986, p. 546
  9. ^ a b Greater Bombay District Gazetteer 1986, pp. 160–162
  10. ^ Subrahmanyam 1997, p. 111
  11. ^ "The West turns East".  
  12. ^ Greater Bombay District Gazetteer 1986, p. 11
  13. ^ Greater Bombay District Gazetteer 1977, p. 153
  14. ^ Greater Bombay District Gazetteer 1986, p. 165
  15. ^ Da Cunha 1993, p. 74
  16. ^ Firishtah, Muhammad & Briggs 1829, p. 515
  17. ^ Greater Bombay District Gazetteer 1986, p. 166

References and bibliography

  • Anonymous (2004). Manuscripts and Books on Medicine, Alchemy, Astrology and Natural Sciences. Kessinger Publishing.  
  •  
  • Ghosh, Amalananda (1990). An Encyclopaedia of Indian Archaeology. BRILL. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  • Cavendish, Marshall (2007). World and Its Peoples: Eastern and Southern Asia. Marshall Cavendish Corporation.  
  • Collins, Charles Dillard (1988). Iconography and Ritual of Siva at Elephanta. State University of New York Press.  
  • David, M. D. (1973). History of Bombay, 1661–1708: 1661–1708.  
  • Da Cunha, J.Gerson (1993). Origin of Bombay. Asian Educational Services.  
  • Dwivedi, Sharada; Rahul Mehrotra (2001). Bombay: The Cities Within. Eminence Designs. 
  • Encyclopaedia Britannica (2002). The New Encyclopaedia Britannica 15.  
  • Firishtah, Astarā-bādī; Muhammad Firishtah; John Briggs (1829). History of the Rise of the Mahomedan Power in India 3. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green. Retrieved 2008-08-17. 
  • Hirakawa, Akira (1998). Paul Groner, ed. History of Indian Buddhism: from Śākyamuni to Early Mahāyāna. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers.  
  • Jain, Vardhman Kumar (1990). Trade and Traders in Western India, A.D. 100–1300. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers.  
  • Khandekar, Vishnu Sakharam; A. K. Bhagwat; Acyuta Kesava Bhagavata (1977). Maharashtra, a Profile. V. S. Khandekar Amrit Mahotsava Satkar Samiti. 
  • Misra, Satish Chandra (1982). The Rise of Muslim Power in Gujarat: A History of Gujarat from 1298 to 1442. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. 
  • Prinsep, James;  
  • Sheppard, Samuel Townsend (1932). Bombay. The Times of India Press. 
  • Somerset, Anne (1984). Ladies in Waiting: From the Tudors to the Present Day. Weidenfeld and Nicolson. 
  • Subrahmanyam, Sanjay (1997). The Career and Legend of Vasco Da Gama. Cambridge University Press.  
  • Greater Bombay District Gazetteer. Maharashtra State Gazetteers III.  
  • "Portuguese Settlements on the Western Coast". Maharashtra State Gazetteer ( 
  • Thana District Gazetteer. Gazetteers of the Bombay Presidency XIII.  
  • Thana — Places of Interest. Gazetteers of the Bombay Presidency XIV.  
  • Yule, Henry (1870). The Travels Of Marco Polo 1. Plain Label Books.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.