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History of the Houston Rockets

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Title: History of the Houston Rockets  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Houston Rockets, Clutch (mascot), 2006–07 Houston Rockets season, Clutch City, 2003–04 Houston Rockets season
Collection: Houston Rockets, National Basketball Association History by Team
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

History of the Houston Rockets

The Rockets moved into the Toyota Center at the start of the 2003–2004 season.[1]

The Houston Rockets are an American professional basketball team based in Houston, Texas. The team plays in the Southwest Division of the Western Conference in the National Basketball Association (NBA). The team was established in 1967, and played in San Diego, California for four years, before moving to Houston, Texas.[1]

In the Rockets' debut season, they won 15 games. After drafting Elvin Hayes first overall in the 1968 NBA Draft, they made their first appearance in the playoffs in 1969. After Hayes was traded, Moses Malone replaced him. Malone won two Most Valuable Player (MVP) awards during his time in Houston, and he led the Rockets to the 1978 conference finals in his first year with the Rockets. He also took the Rockets to the NBA Finals in 1981, but they were defeated in six games by the Boston Celtics. Two years after advancing to the finals, the Rockets won a franchise-low 14 games.[2]

In 1985, the Rockets drafted future Hall of Famer Hakeem Olajuwon, who led them to the 1986 Finals in his rookie year, where they lost again to Boston. In the next seven seasons, they lost in the first round of the playoffs five times. They did not win their first championship until 1994, when Olajuwon led them to a franchise-best 58 wins, and the championship. The Rockets repeated the feat in 1995, but in the following seasons, they did not advance to the finals again. They missed the playoffs from 1999 to 2003, and did not reach the playoffs again until they drafted Yao Ming in 2003. However, they would not advance past the first round of the playoffs for 13 years. In the 2007-08 NBA season, the Rockets had their most successful campaign in the 2000s, winning 55 games, with 22 of those victories in a row,[3] but still lost in the first round.[2] The following season, the team managed to win a playoff series for the first time since 1997, defeating the Portland Trail Blazers in the first round of the 2009 NBA Playoffs and pushed the eventual champion Los Angeles Lakers to seven games in the 2009 Western Conference Semifinals.

During the next decade, the Rockets rehauled their roster and were again contenders for the NBA title. In the 2014-15 NBA season, led by head coach Kevin McHale and guard James Harden, the Rockets won their first division title in 21 years, and reached the Western Conference Finals for the first time since 1997.


  • San Diego Rockets (1967–1971) 1
  • Improving in Houston with Murphy & Rudy-T (1971–1976) 2
  • 1976-1982: The Moses Malone era 3
  • The Hakeem Olajuwon era: 1984-2001 4
    • The Twin Towers era: 1984-1987 4.1
    • Back to Back Championships: 1993-1995 4.2
    • The Big Three Era: 1996-1999 4.3
    • The End of The Big Three Era 4.4
    • 2002-2011: The Yao Ming era 4.5
      • 2004-2010: Ming and McGrady duo 4.5.1
    • James Harden era (2012–present) 4.6
      • 2013-present: Harden and Howard duo 4.6.1
  • References 5

San Diego Rockets (1967–1971)

During the Rockets' years in San Diego, they played in the San Diego Sports Arena.

The Rockets were founded in 1967 in San Diego, and after being bought by Robert Breitbard for 1.75 million dollars,[1] they joined the NBA as an expansion team for the 1967–68 NBA season, along with the Seattle SuperSonics.[4] The resulting contest to name the franchise chose the name "Rockets", homaging San Diego's theme of "a city in motion" and the local arm of General Dynamics developing the Atlas missile and booster rocket program.[1][5] Breitbard brought in Jack McMahon, then coach of the Cincinnati Royals, to serve as the Rockets' coach and general manager.[5][6] The team then built its roster with both veteran players at an expansion draft, and college players in the 1967 NBA draft,[5] where San Diego's first ever draft pick was Pat Riley.[7][8][5] The Rockets' inaugural game was held on October 14, 1967 at the San Diego Sports Arena, with 8000 fans seeing the Rockets lose closely to the St. Louis Hawks by 99-98.[5] The Rockets lost 70 games in their inaugural season,[9] which was then an NBA record for losses in a season.[10] Attendance ranked as eighth among the league's twelve teams, leading to financial losses. The sole bright spot of the inaugural season was forward Don Kojis, whose good numbers earned him a spot at the 1968 NBA All-Star Game.[5]

In 1968, after the Rockets won a coin toss against the Baltimore Bullets to determine who would have the first overall pick in the 1968 NBA Draft,[11] they selected Elvin Hayes from the University of Houston.[12] Hayes led the team to the franchise's first ever playoff appearance in 1969,[13] but the Rockets lost in the semi-finals of the Western Division to the Atlanta Hawks, four games to two.[13] In 1970 NBA Draft, the Rockets drafted Calvin Murphy and Rudy Tomjanovich, who would both spend their whole careers with the Rockets.[14][15]

Despite being coached by Hall of Fame coach Alex Hannum, the Rockets only tallied a 57–97 record and did not make the playoffs in the next two seasons.[16][17] Because of poor performance and attendance, Breitbard sold the team in 1971 to Texas Sports Investments, which was led by real estate broker Wayne Duddleston and banker Billy Goldberg. The group bought the franchise for $5.6 million, and immediately moved the team to Houston.[1] The franchise became the first NBA team in Texas,[18] and the team's nickname of "Rockets" took on even greater relevance after the move since Houston is home to NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center.[19]

Improving in Houston with Murphy & Rudy-T (1971–1976)

Upon their arrival, many were in disbelief that both the Rockets and its new market could thrive. A team who finished its previous season as last overall was coming to a city that did not have a suitable arena, and had not shown much interest in basketball.[20] Houston was previously home to the Houston Mavericks of the American Basketball Association for only two seasons between 1967 and 1969, where the average attendance was only 200.[21] The city's largest indoor arena was 34-year-old Sam Houston Coliseum, but the Rockets refused to even consider playing there even temporarily. As the team owners planned out on building a proper arena, the Rockets were forced to play most of their games at the University of Houston's Hofheinz Pavilion, while playing occasional games at the Astrodome and San Antonio's HemisFair Arena.[1]

Before the start of the 1971–72 NBA season, Hannum left for the Denver Nuggets of the American Basketball Association,[22] and Tex Winter was hired in his place.[23] However, Winter, who said that Hayes had "the worst fundamentals of any player" he had ever coached,[24] applied a system that contrasted with the offensive style to which Hayes was accustomed. Because of the differences between Winter and Hayes, Houston traded Hayes, who had led the Rockets in scoring for four straight years,[2] to the Baltimore Bullets for Jack Marin at the end of the 1971–72 season.[25] Winter left soon after, in the spring of 1973, following the Rockets 10th straight loss,[23] and he was replaced by Johnny Egan.[26]

With a 41-41 record, the Rockets would earn their first NBA Playoff berth in the 1975 NBA Playoffs since moving from San Diego as well as winning their first playoff series in franchise history by defeating the New York Knicks led by Walt Frazier and Earl Monroe in a 3-game mini series, but would ultimately bow to the upcoming champions Boston Celtics in 5 games in the semi-finals.[27] The Rockets would move into their own arena, The Summit, the following season. The arena was located near Greenway Plaza, whose developer Kenneth Schnitzer became the Rockets' primary owner[28]

1976-1982: The Moses Malone era

At the start of the 1976–77 season, the Rockets negotiated a trade with the Buffalo Braves to acquire Moses Malone,[29] who had previously become the first player to go straight from the high school to the professional level.[30] After Malone led the Rockets in rebounding for the first of six straight times,[2] and established a then-NBA record for offensive rebounds in a season,[29] the Rockets posted a franchise-best 49-wins and won the franchise's first Division Title finishing on top of the Central Division. After a first round bye in the playoffs, Houston defeated the Washington Bullets led by former Rocket Elvin Hayes as well as Wes Unseld in seven games in the Eastern Conference semi-finals, and advanced to the conference finals for the first time in their history, but they lost to the top-seeded Philadelphia 76ers led by former ABA superstar Julius Erving. 4–2.[31]

Early into 1977–78 season, at a game on December 9, 1977, Kevin Kunnert got into a fight with Kermit Washington of the Los Angeles Lakers. As Tomjanovich approached the altercation, Washington turned and punched Tomjanovich squarely in the face, causing numerous fractures in his face.[32] Tomjanovich spent the next five months in rehabilitation and returned to appear in the 1978 All-Star Game, but his averages significantly declined after the injury,[33] and Houston finished with just 28 wins in the season.[34]

Calvin Murphy played all 13 of his seasons with the Rockets, and went on to become the team's color commentator.

In the following season, Malone, Murphy, and Tomjanovich all played in the 1979 NBA All-Star Game, and Malone received the 1979 MVP Award.[29] The Rockets also sent John Lucas II to the Golden State Warriors in exchange for Rick Barry, who went on to set the NBA record at the time for free throw percentage in a season by shooting 94.7%.[35] The Rockets went 47–35 in Nissalke's last season as coach, and finished second in the Central Division, but they lost to Atlanta in a best-of-three first round series.[36]

In 1979

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  65. ^ Warriors Acquire Sampson In Trade With Rockets
  66. ^ Sampson Bitter Over Trade to Warriors
  67. ^ Houston's Don Chaney NBA Coach of the Year
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  69. ^ SPORTS PEOPLE: BASKETBALL; Chaney Out in Houston; Rudy T. Takes Over
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  121. ^ McGrady says he will have surgery
  122. ^ 2009 NBA Playoffs - First Round - Rockets vs. Trailblazers
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  124. ^ [7]
  125. ^ The Los Angeles Lakers Sign Ron Artest
  126. ^ It's Official: Trevor Ariza Joins The Rockets
  127. ^ Godwin, Jordan (November 6, 2009). "Rockets' new alternate jerseys have look of a champion". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2015-05-25. 
  128. ^ T-Mac traded in 3-team deal
  129. ^ Houston Rockets make history while missing playoffs
  130. ^ Rockets finally get Courtney Lee, deal Trevor Ariza
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  132. ^ John Wall gets triple-double, Yao Ming gets injured in Wizards' win vs. Rockets
  133. ^ NBA star Yao Ming suffers fresh injury setback
  134. ^ "Yao tells packed press conference in Shanghai he is retiring from NBA". Time Inc. Associated Press. July 20, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2011. 
  135. ^ As the sounds of celebrations fill the halls, Rockets suffer quietly; better but not good enough
  136. ^ With Rockets season over, what’s next. We’ll start with Morey/Adelman get together. (I’ll bring the wine.)
  137. ^ Rick Adelman, Rockets part ways
  138. ^ Kevin McHale Named Rockets Head Coach
  139. ^ If there's no NBA season, Rockets may consider overhauling roster
  140. ^ Ball Don’t Lie’s 2011-12 Season Previews: Houston Rockets
  141. ^ Rockets fall to Heat, eliminated from playoff contention
  142. ^ Rockets trade for No. 12 pick
  143. ^ Rockets acquire No. 18 pick
  144. ^ Marcus Camby, Kyle Lowry traded
  145. ^ Phoenix Suns agree to sign Goran Dragic to 4-year deal
  146. ^ Rockets sign center Motiejunas to multiyear deal
  147. ^ Rockets use amnesty clause on forward Scola
  148. ^ Rockets Sign Jeremy Lin
  149. ^ Rockets Sign center Omer Asik
  150. ^ Rockets Land Reigning NBA Sixth Man of the Year James Harden Along with Aldrich, Cook and Hayward in Trade with Oklahoma City
  151. ^ [8]
  152. ^ James Harden gets $80M extension with Rockets
  153. ^ [9]
  154. ^ James Harden, Kyrie Irving among six first-time All-Stars picked as reserves
  155. ^ [10]
  156. ^ Thomas Robinson dealt to Rockets
  157. ^ [11]
  158. ^ The NBA's 5 Youngest and Oldest Teams
  159. ^ 2012-13 Houston Rockets season review: One giant step
  160. ^ Thunder vs. Rockets
  161. ^ Dwight Howard to join Rockets
  162. ^ Zillgitt, Jeff (July 9, 2013). "NBA fines Rockets $150K for speaking about Dwight Howard". USA Today. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  163. ^ Howard Selects Houston in Free Agency
  164. ^ Rockets vs. Trail Blazers
  165. ^ Lakers Acquire Jeremy Lin and Draft Choices in Trade with Rockets
  166. ^ Parsons headed to Mavs; Rockets not matching offer
  167. ^ Trevor Ariza to sign 4-year contract with Houston Rockets
  168. ^ Rockets Land Ariza & Valuable First Round Pick
  169. ^ Harden scores 35, Rockets top 76ers 104-93
  170. ^ Rockets stop Spurs 98-81 as Howard nets 32
  171. ^ Rockets Acquire Veterans Corey Brewer and Alexey Shved in Three-Team Trade with Timberwolves and 76ers
  172. ^ Free Agent Josh Smith Joins Houston Rockets
  173. ^ [12]
  174. ^ Harden's career-best 50 leads Rockets over Nuggets 118-108
  175. ^ Harden's career-high 51 lead Rockets over Kings 115-111
  176. ^ Rockets clinch Southwest Division with win over Jazz
  177. ^ Rockets back in conference finals first 1st time since '97
  178. ^ Rockets win Game 7 to complete rare comeback
  179. ^ Phil Taylor. "Warriors return to NBA Finals with win over Rockets in Game 5 - NBA -". Retrieved June 30, 2015. 


With double-digits wins against the Lakers, Utah, Boston and Philadelphia to start the 2014–15 NBA season, the Rockets recorded a 4-0 start for the first time since they won their first six games of the 1996–97 season.[169] By recording double-digit wins against Miami and San Antonio in their next two games, the Rockets won each of their first six games by 10 points or more, and became the first team to accomplish the feat since the 1985–86 Denver Nuggets.[170] In December, the Rockets acquired Corey Brewer[171] and Josh Smith,[172] two veterans who added depth to the roster. While the Rockets had many key players miss time throughout the entire season, James Harden took it upon himself to keep the Rockets near the top of the conference; turning him into an MVP front-runner. On March 20, 2015, James Harden scored a career-high 50 points in a 118–108 victory over the Nuggets.[173] Harden became the first Rocket to score 50 points since Hakeem Olajuwon scored 51 against the Celtics in 1996.[174] On April 1, Harden scored 51 points in a 115–111 win over the Sacramento Kings, becoming the first player in franchise history to record multiple 50 point games in a season.[175] On April 15, 2015, the Rockets won their 56th game of the season and finished with the third-best regular season record in franchise history. On that same night, the Rockets claimed their first ever Southwest Division title and first Division crown since 1994.[176] In the playoffs, the Rockets beat the Mavericks 4-1 in the first round. In the Conference Semifinals, the Los Angeles Clippers built a 3-1 lead over the Rockets, before the Rockets won the last three games in the series to return to the Conference Finals for the first time in 18 years, this time against the Golden State Warriors.[177] With their win over the Clippers, the Rockets became just the ninth team in NBA history to win a playoff series in which they faced a 3-1 deficit.[178] In the Conference Finals, the Warriors won the first three games before Harden scored 45 points to win Game 4 at the Toyota Center. The Warriors then finished the series in Game 5, winning 4-1.[179]

Following a season of ups-and-downs with injury and form, Jeremy Lin was traded to the Lakers on July 13, 2014.[165] That same day, the Rockets declined to match the three-year, $46 million offer sheet that Chandler Parsons received from the Mavericks,[166] and to compensate for his departure, the Rockets agreed to bring back Trevor Ariza on a four-year, $32 million deal in free agency.[167] The deal was officially completed as a three-team trade, in which the Rockets received Ariza in a sign and trade from the Washington Wizards and traded Ömer Aşık to the New Orleans Pelicans.[168]

Eager to add another franchise player to their team, the Rockets heavily pursued free agent Center (basketball) Dwight Howard in the 2013 offseason. On July 5, 2013, Howard announced via his Twitter account that he intended to sign with the Houston Rockets after the July moratorium period ended.[161] The NBA fined the Rockets $150,000 for talking about Howard during this moratorium period.[162] Dwight Howard officially signed with the Rockets on July 13, 2013.[163] Led by the new inside-out combination of Howard and James Harden, and with a strong supporting cast including Chandler Parsons, Jeremy Lin, and Ömer Aşık, the Rockets were expected to jump into title contention in the upcoming season. However, in the post-season, the Rockets were defeated in the first round by the Portland Trail Blazers, losing the series 4-2.[164]

2013-present: Harden and Howard duo

Dwight Howard and Chandler Parsons during a 2014 game.

On February 20, 2013, the Rockets acquired Thomas Robinson, the fifth overall pick in the 2012 NBA Draft, in a trade with the Sacramento Kings where Houston sent Marcus Morris and Patrick Patterson.[156] On that same night, the Rockets defeated the Oklahoma City Thunder 122-119 after trailing by 14 with 6:58 remaining in the game. James Harden scored a then career high of 46 points in the win over his former team.[157] Despite being the youngest team in the NBA, the Rockets became one of the highest scoring offenses in the NBA.[158] Even more remarkable was that only two players - starting forward Chandler Parsons and backup forward/center Greg Smith (who rarely played in his rookie season) - were left from the 2011–12 roster. Head coach Kevin McHale ran an up-tempo offense that put emphasis on transition baskets, shooting three-pointers, and playing at a fast pace. As a result, the Rockets became one of the highest scoring offenses in the NBA, leading the league in scoring for the majority of the season.[159] In the post-season, the Rockets fell to the Oklahoma City Thunder in the first round, losing the series 4-2.[160] In the 2012–13 NBA season, James Harden evolved into franchise player for the Rockets, averaging 25.9 points a game.

During the 2012 NBA offseason, the Rockets made significant changes to their roster. Early in July, they traded Kyle Lowry to the Toronto Raptors,[144] let Goran Dragić return to the Phoenix Suns via free agency,[145] and saw the arrival of 201 pick Donatas Motiejūnas from Lithuania, who was signed to a multiyear deal.[146] On July 13, the Rockets released veteran forward Luis Scola using their one-time amnesty clause.[147] On July 18, The Rockets signed Jeremy Lin, a restricted free agent, to a three year, $25.1 million contract after the New York Knicks decided not to match the Rockets' offer sheet.[148] Lin achieved worldwide fame with a 25 game stretch of high performance basketball play known as "Linsanity", where he stepped up in place of the Knicks' injured players. On July 20, Ömer Aşık, a restricted free agent from the Chicago Bulls, signed a three-year, $25.1 million offer sheet with the Rockets. The Bulls decided to not match the offer, and on July 24, Asik officially joined the Rockets.[149] On October 27, 2012, the Rockets traded Kevin Martin, Jeremy Lamb, and two future first-round picks to the Oklahoma City Thunder for reigning sixth man of the year James Harden, along with Cole Aldrich, Daequan Cook, and Lazar Hayward.[150] Harden stepped out of his previous sixth man role and into the starting lineup for the Rockets. He had 37 points, 12 assists, 6 rebounds, 4 steals, and a block in his debut as a Rocket, while Jeremy Lin had 12 points, 4 rebounds, 8 assists, and 4 steals.[151] Harden also signed a 5-year contract extension with the Rockets worth approximately $80 million a few days after the trade was completed.[152] Harden scored a then career-high 45 points in his second game with the Rockets against the Atlanta Hawks. Jeremy Lin tied a career-high of 38 points in an overtime loss to the Spurs while Harden sat out with an ankle sprain.[153] Harden was selected to the 2013 NBA All-Star Game, which was held in Houston.[154] On February 5, 2013, the Houston Rockets made 23 3-point field goals in a game against the Golden State Warriors, equaling the NBA team record. In this game, the Rockets also achieved a home game record for most points scored at the Toyota Center with a 140-109 victory.[155]

James Harden era (2012–present)

Before the 2012 NBA Draft, the Milwaukee Bucks traded the 12th overall pick, Shaun Livingston, Jon Brockman, and Jon Leuer to the Rockets for the 14th overall pick and Samuel Dalembert.[142] The Minnesota Timberwolves also traded the 18th pick in the draft to Houston for Chase Budinger.[143] In the 2012 NBA Draft, Houston drafted Jeremy Lamb of Connecticut, Royce White of Iowa State, and Terrence Jones of Kentucky with the 12th, 16th, and 18th picks, respectively.

Nearing the trade deadline on March 15, 2012, the Rockets traded Hasheem Thabeet and Jonny Flynn to the Portland Trail Blazers for Marcus Camby. The Rockets also sent Jordan Hill to the Lakers in return for Derek Fisher (who was waived shortly after and signed with the Thunder) and a first round pick in the 2012 NBA Draft. During the strike-shortened 2011–12 season, the Rockets were eliminated from playoff contention during the season's penultimate game against eventual champions Miami Heat.[141]

During an offseason extended by the 2011 NBA lockout, the Rockets' front office started to plan a roster overhaul,[139] and after the lockout ended, the team tried to use their cap space to attract many high-profile free agents, including Chris Paul, Nenê and Pau Gasol.[140]

By the All-Star break in February 2011, the Rockets were 26-31.[131] On February 24, 2011, the Rockets traded Shane Battier to the Memphis Grizzlies for Hasheem Thabeet and a first round pick. They also traded Aaron Brooks to the Phoenix Suns for Goran Dragić and a first round pick. Afterwards the team won 15 games out of 20, reaching a winning record and contending for a playoff spot.[131] The team entered April with chances of qualifying for the postseason, but for the second straight season the Rockets failed to make the playoffs after losing to the New Orleans Hornets in Louisiana with three games remaining.[135] The team still finished the year with a 43-39 winning record.[136] Head coach Rick Adelman left the Rockets right after the season.[137] On June 1, 2011, the Rockets named Kevin McHale their next head coach.[138] With the 14th pick of the 2011 NBA Draft, the Houston Rockets selected Marcus Morris from the University of Kansas. With the 38th pick in that same draft, they selected Chandler Parsons from the University of Florida.

The 2010-11 NBA season started badly for the Rockets, who lost the first five games.[131] In the seventh, Yao Ming injured his left ankle in what was just his fifth game that season.[132] After being examined, what was thought to be a mild sprain turned out to be a stress fracture which kept Yao off of the court for another season.[133] In July 2011, Yao, only 30, retired after a series of unfortunate injuries cut his career short.[134]

The Rockets drafted Patrick Patterson of Kentucky with the 14th pick in the 2010 NBA Draft. On July 15, the Rockets signed free agent Brad Miller. About one month later, Trevor Ariza was traded to the New Orleans Hornets in a four-team, five-player trade. The Rockets received Courtney Lee from the New Jersey Nets in return.[130]

On September 23, 2009, the Rockets unveiled new alternate uniforms, which were inspired by the 1994–95 championship uniforms and featured similar colors.[127] On February 18, 2010, hours before the trade deadline, the Rockets acquired George Hill, who both came in second place.

The next off-season, the Rockets acquired Ron Artest from the Sacramento Kings. The new "Big Three" of McGrady, Yao, and Artest barely played any games together due to nagging injuries. McGrady's knee bothered him for much of the year, hampering his performance, and he eventually opted for mid-season microfracture surgery which would keep him out for the season.[121] Despite this, the team then went on to win 53 games that season and earned themselves a first-round match-up with the Portland Trail Blazers. Houston struck fast, blowing the Trailblazers out on the road in game one en route to a 4–2 series win and their first time advancing from the first round since 1997.[122] The games against the Blazers were also the last ever of Dikembe Mutombo's career, as he injured his knee and was forced to retire after 18 seasons in the NBA.[123] However, despite winning the first game of the 2009 Western Conference Semifinals against the Los Angeles Lakers, the Rockets ended up losing a tough-fought series in seven games,[124] and saw Yao leave with an injury, that eventually sidelined him for the upcoming season. During the off-season, Artest left the team after signing with the Lakers,[125] but the Rockets acquired Laker defensive star Trevor Ariza to counter the Artest move, but they also ended up losing sixth man Von Wafer to Europe.[126]

The following season, after an injury-plagued year in which McGrady and Yao missed a total of 70 games, the team finished with only 34 wins, and missed the playoffs.[113] The Rockets improved by 18 games the next year, with 52 wins,[114] but once again lost in the first round after leading 2–0, when they lost in seven games to Utah.[115] After the loss, Van Gundy was fired,[116] and the Rockets hired Rick Adelman to replace him.[117] In the following year, despite Yao suffering a season-ending injury for the third year in a row,[118] the Rockets won 22 consecutive games, which is the second longest winning streak in NBA history. This streak included going 13-0 in the month of February, making them the first team since the 1996 Chicago Bulls to finish an entire month undefeated. [3] Houston finished their season 55–27,[119] but were eliminated for the second year in row by the Jazz in the first round of the playoffs, 4 games to 2.[120]

In the offseason, Houston saw major changes in the roster as the Rockets acquired Tracy McGrady in a seven-player deal with the Orlando Magic.[110] The 2004–05 season saw McGrady and Yao lead the Rockets to their best record in 10 years,[2] finishing at 51–31 and seeded fifth in the Western Conference playoffs.[111] However, their season ended in the first round of the playoffs as they lost to their in-state rival, the Dallas Mavericks, in seven games,[111] despite leading the series 2–0.[112]

2004-2010: Ming and McGrady duo

In the following season, Houston began playing in their new arena, the Toyota Center,[105] and redesigned their uniforms and logo,[106] as long-time coach Tomjanovich resigned after being diagnosed with bladder cancer,[107] and was replaced by Jeff Van Gundy.[108] The Rockets finished the regular season with a record of 45–37,[109] and earned their first playoff berth since 1999,[2] but the Lakers again handed the Rockets a loss in the first round.[109]

The Rockets playing the Utah Jazz in the 2008 playoffs

However, after Houston was awarded the first overall pick in the 2002 NBA Draft, they selected Yao Ming, a 7-foot 6-inch Chinese center.[102] The Rockets' record improved by 15 games,[103] but they missed the playoffs by one game.[104]

2002-2011: The Yao Ming era

After the 1999 draft, the Rockets traded for the third overall pick Steve Francis from the Vancouver Grizzlies, in exchange for four players and a first round draft pick.[95] However, after Houston traded a discontented Pippen to Portland (stating chemistry problems with old rival and now teammate Barkley),[96] and Barkley suffered a career-ending injury,[97] the rebuilt Rockets went 34–48 and missed the playoffs,[98] for only the second time in 15 years.[2]In the 2000–01 season, the Rockets worked their way to a 45–37 record, but still did not make the playoffs.[99] In the following offseason, a 38-year-old Olajuwon requested a trade, and, despite stating their desire to keep him, the Rockets reached a sign and trade agreement, sending him to the Toronto Raptors.[100] The proceeding season was unremarkable, as Houston's first season without Hakeem in almost 20 years was a disappointing 28–54.[101]

The End of The Big Three Era

The 1997–98 season was marked by injuries,[90] and the team finished 41–41 with the eighth seed in the Western Conference.[91] Houston once again faced the Jazz, this time in the first round, and they lost the series 3–2.[91] Drexler retired after the season,[92] and the Rockets made another bold trade to bring in Scottie Pippen to take his place.[93] In the strike-shortened 1998–99 season, the Rocket went 31–19, but lost to the Lakers in the first round 3–1 of the playoffs.[94]

Before the start of the succeeding season, the Rockets made a dramatic trade that sent four players to Phoenix in exchange for Charles Barkley.[88] The resulting "Big Three" of Olajuwon, Drexler, and Barkley led the Rockets to a 57–25 record,[89] and Houston swept Minnesota in the first round. However, after a 7-game battle with Seattle, the Rockets fell in the Western Conference finals to the Utah Jazz, a team they had beaten on their way to championships in 1994 and 1995.[89]

The Big Three Era: 1996-1999

During the offseason, the Rockets went for a change of visual identity, making navy blue and silver the new primary colors while adopting a new cartoon-inspired logo and pinstriped jerseys.[85] The Rockets won 48 games in the 1995–96 campaign,[86] in which Olajuwon became the NBA's all-time leader in blocked shots.[87] They beat the Lakers in the first round of the playoffs, but were swept by the Seattle SuperSonics in the second round.[86]

The Rockets initially struggled in the first half of the 1994–95 season,[77] and ended up winning only 47 games, which was 11 games lower than their previous year's total.[75][78] In a midseason trade with Portland, the Rockets obtained guard Clyde Drexler, a former teammate of Olajuwon at the University of Houston,[79] in exchange for Otis Thorpe.[80] Houston entered the playoffs as the sixth seed in the Western Conference, but managed to defeat the 60–22 Utah Jazz in the first round.[78] They fell behind 3–1 to the 59–23 Phoenix Suns in the second round, but won three straight to win the series, and became only the first team in NBA history to overcome both a 2–0 and a 3–1 series deficit in a seven-game series.[81] The Rocket then beat the 62–20 San Antonio Spurs in the conference finals,[78] to reach the Finals against the Orlando Magic, led by Shaquille O'Neal and Penny Hardaway.[82] When Houston swept the series in four straight games,[78] they became the first team in NBA history to win the championship as a sixth seed, and the first to beat four 50-win teams in a single postseason en route to the championship.[83] Olajuwon, who had averaged 35.3 points and 12.5 rebounds against the Spurs and regular-season MVP David Robinson in the conference finals,[84] was named the Finals MVP, becoming only the second player after Michael Jordan to win the award two years in a row.[83]

On July 30, 1993, Leslie Alexander purchased the Rockets for $85 million.[72] In Tomjanovich's second full year as head coach, the Rockets began the 1993–94 season by tying an NBA record with start of 15–0.[73] Led by Olajuwon, who was named the MVP and Defensive Player of the Year,[74] the Rockets won a franchise-record 58 games.[2][75] The Rockets recovered from being two games down to the Phoenix Suns in the second round of the playoffs,[76] to advance to the finals.[75] Houston was once again down by three games to two to the New York Knicks, but they managed to win the last two games on their home court, and claim their first championship in franchise history.[2] Olajuwon was awarded the Finals MVP, after averaging 27 points, nine rebounds and four blocked shots a game.[74]

Back to Back Championships: 1993-1995

Chaney was named the Coach of the Year for the 1990–91 season, after leading the Rockets to a 52-30 record despite Olajuwon's absence due to injury for 25 games.[64][67] The Rockets were once again eliminated in the first round of the playoffs, 3–0 to the Lakers.[68] Midway through the next season, with the Rockets' record only 26–26, Chaney was fired and replaced by one of his assistants, former Houston player Tomjanovich.[69] [70] Although the Rockets did not make the playoffs,[70] in the next year, the Rockets won-loss record improved by 13 games, as they won 55 games.[71] However, the Seattle SuperSonics eliminated them in the conference semifinals.[71]

In the next year, the Rockets again made the playoffs, and advanced to the second round, before being eliminated by the Seattle SuperSonics.[60] However, in the next three seasons, the Rockets were eliminated three straight times in the first round of the playoffs,[61][62][63] despite Don Chaney replacing Fitch as head coach in 1988.[64] Halfway through the season, the Twin Towers were split as Sampson was traded to the Golden State Warriors in exchange for Joe Barry Carroll and Sleepy Floyd.[65] Sampson only learned of the trade once he arrived in Houston after a road game.[66]

Houston was again given the first pick of the 1984 NBA Draft, and they used it to select Hakeem Olajuwon from the University of Houston.[51] In his first season, Olajuwon finished second to Michael Jordan in NBA Rookie of the Year balloting,[52] and the Rockets record improved by 19 games, although they were eliminated in the first round of the playoffs.[53] In the following season, both Olajuwon and Sampson were named to the Western Conference All-Stars in that year's all-star game,[54] and the duo was nicknamed the "Twin Towers".[55] In the playoffs, the Rockets defeated the Los Angeles Lakers in the conference finals in five games, after Sampson hit a buzzer beater to win Game 5, which he described as "the greatest moment of my basketball career".[56] The Rockets competed in the finals for only the second time in team history,[57] once again facing the Celtics. Boston sportswriters were not happy about not getting a shot at revenge against the Lakers who had beaten the Celtics in the Finals the year before, yet the matchup was interesting with the young front court challenging the playoff-hardened Celtics front court of Bird, McHale and Parish. The Celtics won the first two games at the Boston Garden, only for the Rockets to win two games once the series went back to Houston - a close game 3 under Sampson's leadership, and a 15 point-leading game 5 without him as he got ejected - while also losing game 4 due to late Larry Bird 3 pointers and untimely turnovers by Rockets guard Mitch Wiggins. Game 6 went back to Boston with Sampson finding himself again in foul trouble and of little effect against the older and wiser Celtics. After the series, Boston coach KC Jones called the Rockets, "the new monsters on the block" with the future looking very bright for the Rockets. During the six-game championship series loss against the Celtics, Sampson averaged 14.8 points on .438 shooting, 9.5 rebounds and 3.3 assists per game.[58][59]

The Twin Towers era: 1984-1987

The Hakeem Olajuwon era: 1984-2001

The following season, the Rockets improved their regular season mark to 46–36 but were eliminated in the first round of the playoffs.[46] Although Malone won the MVP in that season,[29] and new owner Charlie Thomas expressed interest in renewing his contract,[38] in the following offseason, the Rockets traded him to the Philadelphia 76ers for Caldwell Jones,[29] to avoid paying his salary.[47] When the Rockets finished a league worst 14–68,[48] Celtics coach Bill Fitch was hired to replace outgoing Del Harris,[47] and after winning a coin flip with the Indiana Pacers to obtain the first pick of the 1983 NBA Draft,[47] the Rockets selected Ralph Sampson from the University of Virginia.[49]Although the Rockets finished only 29–53 in the 1983–1984 season, Ralph Sampson was awarded the NBA Rookie of the Year award,[50] after averaging 21 points and 11 rebounds per game.[50]

Hakeem Olajuwon and Jim Petersen surround Kevin McHale (who would 15 years later become Houston's coach) during the 1986 NBA Finals.

[45], Houston eventually lost in six games.Boston However, after splitting the first four games of the series with [44] the Rockets became the only team in NBA history to advanced to the Finals after having a losing record in the regular season.[43]. When the Kings fell to the Rockets in five games,Phil Ford, and Scott Wedman, Otis Birdsong This resulted in a conference finals matchup with the Kansas City Kings, who were led by [43] In the

[39], they were swept by the Boston Celtics in the Eastern Conference semi-finals.first round playoff series The Rockets defeated the Spurs two games to one in their [39] for second place in the Central Division.San Antonio Spurs, the team finished with a 41–41 record, tying the 1979–80 campaign . In Houston's Del Harris led by new coach [38][37]

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