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Holguín

Holguín
City
Coat of arms of Holguín
Coat of arms
Holguín municipality (red) within  Holguín Province (yellow) and Cuba
Holguín municipality (red) within
Holguín Province (yellow) and Cuba
Holguín is located in Cuba
Location of Holguín in Cuba
Coordinates:
Country  Cuba
Province Holguín
Established 1523[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 655.9 km2 (253.2 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 346,191
 • Density 528/km2 (1,370/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Holguinero,-a
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +53 24
Vehicle registration O
Website Official website
San José Church
Vikas Street in Holguin

Holguín (Spanish pronunciation: ) is a municipality and city, the capital of the Cuban Province of Holguín. It also includes a tourist area, offering beach resorts in the outskirts of the region. After Havana, Santiago de Cuba, and Camaguey, it is the fourth largest city in Cuba (see the list of largest cities in the country's WorldHeritage article).

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Infrastructure 3
  • Education 4
  • Economy 5
  • Demographics 6
  • Transportation 7
  • Notable residents 8
  • Sister cities 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

It was founded as San Isidoro de Holguín in 1545,[4] and it is named after its founder Captain García Holguín, a Spanish military officer. Prior to 1976, Holguín was located in the province of Oriente. In Pope Francis' visit to the United States, in September 2015, he visited Cuba before the U.S., and while in Cuba, he visited the Diocese of Holguin to, among other things, commemorate the location where Christopher Columbus landed.

Geography

The municipality is divided into the barrios of Aguarás, Aguas Claras, Alcalá, Arroyo Blanco del Sur, Báguanos, Cabezuelas, Cacocún, Calderón, Camazán, Cauto del Cristo, Corralillo, Cruces de Purnio, Damián, Floro Pérez,Gibara, Guabasiabo, Guayabal, Guirabo, Haticos del Purial, La Aguada, La Cuaba, La Palma, La Rioja, Las Calabazas, Managuaco, Melones, Norte, Omaja, Purnio, San Agustín, San Andrés, San Francisco, San Juan, San Lorenzo, Santa Rita, Sur, Tacámara, Tasajeras, Uñas, Uñitas, Velasco, Yareyal and Yayal.[1]

Infrastructure

There are several small city parks such as Parque Infantil, Parque San Jose, Parque San Isidoro, Parque Marti among others, most central the Calixto García in the downtown area. Close by one finds the galleries Centro Provincial de Arte and Bayado, a library, the club Casa de la Trova, the Martí cinema, the Theatre Eddy Suñol, the Province Museum La Periquera, a science museum, and a history museum. From the hill Loma de la Cruz, where a large crucifix is installed, which can be ascended by its 450 stairs, one can oversee the whole city.

Holguín has a baseball stadium. The Frank País International Airport (city code HOG) is connected to Havana and several other world destinations.

Education

The main secondary education institution is the University of Holguín.

Economy

The brewery Cerveceria Bucanero - a joint venture with Labatt of Canada - is based in the city. It makes three brands of beer (Bucanero, Cristal and Mayabe) sold in convertible pesos.

Near Holguín, the Villa El Quinque and the Villa El Cocal receive patients like Argentine soccer star Diego Maradona who was treated for his cocaine addiction there. The popular Playa Pesquero resort (Fishing Beach) is located on the coast north of Holguín city, about an hour's drive from the International Airport.

Demographics

In 2004, the municipality of Holguín had a population of 326,740.[3] With a total area of 666 km2 (257 sq mi),[2] it has a population density of 490.6/km2 (1,271/sq mi).

Transportation

Holguín is served by Frank País Airport (HOG/MUHG), located at 20°47´08"N, 076°18´54"W.

Notable residents

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ a b Guije.com. "Holguín" (in Español). Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
  2. ^ a b Statoids. "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
  3. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Español). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
  4. ^ Guije.com (September 2004). "Ciudad de Holguin". Retrieved 2007-02-17. 
  5. ^ Hijuelos, Oscar, Thoughts Without Cigarettes: A Memoir, 2011.
  6. ^ "Interactive City Directory".  

External links

  • (Spanish) Holguín Web portal
  • English-language city guide
  • Holguin beaches guide
  • Holguin Cuba (English) (French)
  • Cuba Holguin
  • Holguin (German)
  • Casa particular website - English city guide and photos
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