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Holywell

 

Holywell

Holywell
Welsh: Treffynnon

St Winefride's Well, Holywell
Holywell is located in Flintshire
Holywell
 Holywell shown within Flintshire
Population 8,886 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid reference
Principal area Flintshire
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HOLYWELL
Postcode district CH8
Dialling code 01352
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Delyn
Welsh Assembly Delyn
List of places
UK
Wales
Flintshire

Holywell (Welsh: Treffynnon) is the fifth largest town in Flintshire, Wales. It lies to the west of the estuary of the River Dee.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Demography 2
  • Railways 3
  • Geography 4
  • Community 5
  • Notable people 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

The market town of Holywell takes its name from the St Winefride's Well, a holy well surrounded by a chapel.[2] The well has been known since at least the Roman period. It has been a site of Christian pilgrimage since about 660, dedicated to Saint Winefride who, according to legend, was beheaded there by Caradog who attempted to attack her.[3][4] The well is one of the Seven Wonders of Wales and the town bills itself as The Lourdes of Wales. Many pilgrims from all over the world continue to visit Holywell and the Well.

From the 18th century, the town grew around the lead mining and cotton milling industries. The water supply from the mountains above the town, which flows continually and at a constant temperature, supplies the well and powered many factories in the Greenfield Valley. In addition to lead and cotton, copper production was of great importance. Thomas Williams, a lawyer from Anglesey built factories and smelteries for copper in Greenfield Valley, bringing the copper from Anglesey to St. Helens and then to Greenfield Valley where it was used to make many items for the slave trade. These items included manilas (copper bracelets), neptunes (large flat dishes to evaporate seawater to produce salt) and copper sheathing. The copper sheathing was used to cover the hulls of the wooden ships trading in the warmer Caribbean waters, giving rise to the expression 'copper bottomed investment', the sheathing was also applied to Royal Navy ships and was instrumental in Nelson's victories (two of these copper plates from HMS Victory are in Greenfield Valley Heritage Park museum). There was a railway station in the town that was open between 1848 and 1966.

The wealth generated from these industries led to the development of the town and the High Street still has many Georgian buildings. The Greenfield Valley is well known for the abundance of birds and butterflies and many enthusiasts visits to see the array of species. The Valley also has a number of conserved mills and structures from bygone ages and is the only place in Wales to have seven scheduled ancient monuments.

St James parish church

St James parish church is a grade II* listed building [5]

Holywell hosted an unofficial National Eisteddfod event in 1869.

Demography

Administratively, Holywell town consists of three wards of the Flintshire County Council local authority. At the 2001 Census, the total population of the town was:

Ward Population
Holywell Central 1,835 [6]
Holywell East 1,828 [7]
Holywell West 2,311 [8]
Holywell Total 5,974

With the adjoining villages the population is over 15,000

Railways

Holywell Junction station

Holywell Junction is on the North Wales Coast Line. The station is closed, and trains run fast through the station.

Geography

Holywell is split into four distinct areas: Pen-y-Maes, the Strand, the Holway and the town centre. The Holway, located on the west side of the town, is the largest of the residential areas of Holywell. The near-contiguous village of Greenfield is located to the north east of the town on the B5121 road.

Villages within the Holywell catchment area include: Bagillt, Brynford, Carmel, Gorsedd, Halkyn, Licswm, Lloc, Mostyn, Pantasaph, Pentre Halkyn, Rhes-y-Cae, Trelawnyd, Whitford and Ysceifiog. In addition there are other smaller scattered communities within this area. All of these are within a six mile radius of Holywell. These villages are all connected to Holywell by a frequent bus service.[9]

Community

The town centre contains many small businesses and national stores, serving not only the shopping needs of the people of the town itself, but also those of the surrounding villages within the town's natural catchment area. Part of the centre of the historic market town has been designated a conservation area.[10]

The town contains a secondary school with over 500 pupils and a leisure centre, as well as four primary schools.

Holywell has a local football team, Holywell Town who play in the Welsh Alliance League.

The old cottage hospital was located in Pen-y-Maes until it closed. A new hospital has been built.

Although Holywell does not have a cricket team carrying the name of the town; a number of junior and senior cricketers from the area play for nearby village team Carmel & District Cricket Club whose ground is located a short distance from Holywell between the villages of Carmel and Lloc.

In 2007, a group of locals proposed a circular walk way, the "St Beuno's Circular Walk", joining all of the historical and religious locations of the town.[11]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 25 May 2015. 
  2. ^ About Holywell, Holywell Town Website, retrieved 3 August 2009 
  3. ^  P. J. Chandlery (1913). "Holywell".  
  4. ^  P. J. Chandlery (1913). "St. Winefride".  
  5. ^ "Parish Church of St.james,greenfield Street, Holywell". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  6. ^ Ward Profile: Holywell Central (PDF), Flintshire County Council, retrieved 13 November 2007 
  7. ^ Ward Profile: Holywell East (PDF), Flintshire County Council, retrieved 13 November 2007 
  8. ^ Ward Profile: Holywell West (PDF), Flintshire County Council, retrieved 13 November 2007 
  9. ^ Business Profile of Holywell, retrieved 28 March 2009 
  10. ^ Flintshire Conservation Areas, Flintshire County Council, retrieved 3 August 2009 
  11. ^ Proposed St Bueno's Circular Walk, retrieved 10 May 2007 

External links

  • Shrine website
  • Holywell website
  • Holywell Church website
  • BBC Wales: Holywell
  • Photos of Holywell and surrounding area on geograph.org.uk
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