World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Honor Oak

Article Id: WHEBN0000943148
Reproduction Date:

Title: Honor Oak  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Crofton Park, London Buses route 63, Forest Hill, London, Catford, Brockley
Collection: Areas of London, Districts of Lewisham, Forests and Woodlands of London, Honor Oak
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Honor Oak

Honor Oak
Honor Oak is located in Greater London
Honor Oak
 Honor Oak shown within Greater London
OS grid reference
   – Charing Cross 5 mi (8.0 km)  NW
London borough Lewisham
Southwark
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SE23
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
London Assembly Greenwich and Lewisham
Lambeth and Southwark
List of places
UK
England
London

Honor Oak is an inner suburban area principally of the London Borough of Lewisham, with part in the London Borough of Southwark. The name originates from Oak of Honor Hill, or One Tree Hill. The legend is that on 1 May 1602, Elizabeth I picnicked with Sir Richard Bulkeley of Beaumaris in the Lewisham area by an oak tree at the summit of a hill.[1] The tree came to be known as the Oak of Honor. The tree surrounded by railings is an oak, and was planted in 1905 as a successor to the historic one.[2]

Contents

  • Overview 1
  • Amenities and entertainment 2
  • Famous residents 3
  • Nearest places 4
  • Relevant links 5
  • Further reading 6
  • References and notes 7

Overview

One Tree Hill is the central feature of Honor Oak's landscape. It is at the northern end of a string of hills stretching from Croydon, previously part of the Great North Wood. In addition to its connection with Queen Elizabeth I, the hill is reputed by a long-standing rumour to have been the site of the final defeat of Queen Boudica by the Romans in AD61, while Dick Turpin is also rumoured to have used it as a look-out post.[3]

The Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, her silver and golden jubilees and also at the Millennium. Beacons on the same site were used to give warning of invasion by the Spanish and later the French. The Hill was also the site of Watson's General Telegraph, a relay system established in 1841 linking London with shipping in the English Channel

Honor Oak & Forest Hill Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1893. The club disappeared at the time of WW2.[4]

In 1896, One Tree Hill was due to become part of a golf club, but there were riots and demonstrations by local people. This fell through, and later it was bought by Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell and made into a public open space by 1905.

During World War I a gun emplacement was erected on the hill to counter the threat of raids by Zeppelin airships.

One part of the open space eventually became a nine-hole golf course called the Aquarias Golf Club.[5] It lies on top of the cavernous Honor Oak Reservoir, constructed between 1901 and 1909. When it was completed the reservoir was the largest brick built underground reservoir in the world[6] and even today remains one of the largest in Europe.[7] The reservoir now forms part of the Southern extension of the Thames Water Ring Main.

Between 1809 and 1836, a canal ran through Honor Oak as part of its route from New Cross to Croydon. It also went via Forest Hill and Sydenham. The canal was replaced by a railway line after 1836, and this now forms part of the line between London Bridge and Croydon. Honor Oak Park railway station opened in 1886 is on this line. Honor Oak railway station was opened in 1862 but closed in 1958 as part of the closure of the Crystal Palace and South London Junction Railway, originally built to take passengers to The Crystal Palace. The remains of the embankment of this line can still be seen, forming part of Brenchley Gardens.

In 2010 Honor Oak Park railway station became part of the London Overground extension, providing residents with direct links into Shoreditch and Highbury and Islington. As with neighbouring Forest Hill, Honor Oak is becoming increasingly desirable as a peaceful, leafy suburb with good transport links into the centre of town, and slightly lower-than-average property prices.

Amenities and entertainment

Honor Oak enjoys a number of well regarded restaurants and gastro pubs. The Babur Indian Restaurant has two AA Rosettes and has been described as "one of the best Indian restaurants in London" by The Independent newspaper.[8] The high street has two cafes, the Hop Scotch cafe bar which features live music and Hills & Parkes, a deli that opened in August 2011, replacing a stall that had previously run every weekend next to the station. Hills & Parkes sells locally sourced produce.[9][10] The area has a highly rated Italian restaurant, Le Querce (translation from the Italian "The Oaks"),[11] a Spanish Tapas restaurant and a sourdough Pizza Restaurant that opened in February 2014. The Honor Oak is the reincarnation of the old St Germans public house. The Chandos is a more traditional south London pub.

Famous residents

Irish-born political activist Jim Connell (1852–1929), author of 'The Red Flag', lived at 22a Stondon Park (which is on the border of Crofton Park and Honor Oak) from 1915–1929.[12] He wrote the anthem while on a train journey to his home in New Cross in December 1889.[13]

Actor William Henry Pratt (1887–1969), better known as Boris Karloff was born at 36 Forest Hill Road.[14]

Poet Walter de la Mare lived at what is now 61 Bovill Road from 1877-c.1887.[15]

Leslie Paul (1905–1985), founder of the Woodcraft Folk and author of Angry Young Man, lived on Bovill Road.[16]

Footballer Ian Wright grew up in the area, including on the Honor Oak Estate.[17]

The comedian Spike Milligan (1918–2002), lived at 22 Gabriel Street and 50 Riseldine Road after coming to England from India in the 1930s.

Desmond Dekker (1941–2006), lived at flat 4, Dunoon Gardens, Devonshire Road in the 80s and 90s.[18]

Other famous residents include actor Timothy Spall and singer Gabrielle.

Nearest places

Relevant links

  • Honor Oak Park Railway Station
  • SE23.com – The local community website for Forest Hill and Honor Oak, London SE23
  • St Augustine, One Tree Hill
  • Honor Oak Christian Fellowship Centre
  • Walter Segal Self Build Trust
  • The Honor Oak, Public House
  • One Tree Hill Allotments
  • Honor Oak Park Residents Association – useful information for local and prospective residents
  • Aquarius Golf Club
  • Honor Oak Park on Twitter

Further reading

The story of the "One Tree Hill" agitation, with a short sketch of the history of Honor Oak Hill (1905) by John Nisbet

References and notes

  1. ^ "Forest Hill and Honor Oak Secrets" (PDF). London Borough of Lewisham. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  2. ^ https://www.flickr.com/photos/stevegrindlay/sets/72157601667913682/
  3. ^ Ben Weinreb, Christopher Hibbert, Julia Keay, John Keay (2008) The London Encyclopedia. London: Pan Macmillan.
  4. ^ "Honor Oak & Forest Hill Golf Club", "Golf’s Missing Links".
  5. ^ Aquarius Golf Club website
  6. ^ "Honor Oak Reservoir" (PDF). London Borough of Lewisham. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  7. ^ "Honor Oak Reservoir". Mott MacDonald. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  8. ^ "Babur Restaurant Review". The Independent. Retrieved 2010-12-10. 
  9. ^ http://www.southeastcentral.co.uk/threads/hopscotch-cafe-bar-honor-oak-park-the-sec-review.1832
  10. ^ http://brockleycentral.blogspot.co.uk/2011/02/hills-and-parkes-honor-oak.html
  11. ^ "Le Querce Restaurant Review". The Independent. Retrieved 2007-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://openplaques.org/people/3422
  13. ^ http://transpont.blogspot.co.uk/2012/05/music-monday-red-flag.html
  14. ^ https://www.english-heritage.org.uk/discover/blue-plaques/search/karloff-boris-1887-1969-a.k.a.-william-heny-pratt
  15. ^ http://www.lewisham.gov.uk/myservices/libraries/reading/Pages/Famous-Lewisham-writers.aspx
  16. ^ http://openplaques.org/people/3432
  17. ^ http://transpont.blogspot.co.uk/2014/03/ian-wright-remembers-growing-up-on.html
  18. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/49799/pages/9415/page.pdf
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.