World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

House of Councilors

Article Id: WHEBN0013438594
Reproduction Date:

Title: House of Councilors  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of Japanese people, Sanzo Nosaka, List of Prime Ministers of Japan, Hirohisa Fujii, Yoshisuke Aikawa, Kazuo Aoki, Tetsuo Kanno, Sadamu Shimomura, Jiichirō Matsumoto
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

House of Councilors

Coordinates: 35°40′35.5″N 139°44′40.5″E / 35.676528°N 139.744583°E / 35.676528; 139.744583

House of Councillors
Type Upper house
President Masaaki Yamazaki, LDP
Since 2 August 2013
Vice President Azuma Koshiishi, DPJ
Since 2 August 2013
LDP parliamentary group chairman (Government leader) Kensei Mizote, LDP
Since 2013
DPJ parliamentary group chairman (Opposition leader) Akira Gunji, DPJ
Since 2013
Seats 242
Political groups

Government (134):

  LDP (114)
  Kōmeitō (20)

Oppositions (108):

  DPJ/Shinryokufūkai (58)
  YP (18)
  JCP (11)
  JRP (9)
  SDP (3)
  NRP (3)
  PNP (2)
  Independents (4)
Voting system Parallel voting:
Single non-transferable vote (146 seats)
Party-list proportional representation (96 seats)
Staggered elections
Last election July 21, 2013
Meeting place
National Diet Building, Tokyo

The House of Councillors (参議院 Sangiin?) is the upper house of the National Diet of Japan. The House of Representatives is the lower house. The House of Councillors is the successor to the pre-war House of Peers. If the two houses disagree on matters of the budget, treaties, or designation of the prime minister, the House of Representatives can insist on its decision. In all other decisions, the House of Representatives can override a vote of the House of Councillors only by a two-thirds majority of members present.

The House of Councillors has 242 members who each serve six-year terms, two years longer than those of the House of Representatives. Councillors must be at least 30 years old, compared with 25 years old in the House of Representatives. The House cannot be dissolved, as only half of its membership is elected at each election. Of the 121 members subject to election each time, 73 are elected from the 47 prefectural districts (by single non-transferable vote) and 48 are elected from a nationwide list by proportional representation with open lists. [1] Up to the 1998 election, there were 252 members, 126 elected at a time: 76 from prefectural districts and 50 elected nationwide. At the 2001 elections these numbers were reduced and the total number was 247 (126 elected in 1998 and 121 elected in 2001) and the open list preference vote was introduced.

See List of members of the Diet of Japan for the list of current members of the House of Councillors.

Current composition

(as of 12 August 2013)[2]

Parliamentary group Councillors
mandate expires total
2016 2019
Liberal Democratic Party (Jiyūminshutō) 49 65 114
  The Democratic Party and The Shin-Ryokufukai (Minshutō・Shin-Ryokufūkai) 41 17 58
style="background-color: ;" | New Komeito (Kōmeitō) 9 11 20
Your Party (Minna no Tō) 10 8 18
Japanese Communist Party (Nihon Kyōsantō) 3 8 11
style="background-color: ;" | Japan Restoration Party (Nippon Ishin no Kai) 1 8 9
Social Democratic Party (Shakaiminshutō・Goken Rengō) 2 1 3
New Renaissance Party and Group of Independents (Shintō Kaikaku・Mushozoku no Kai)
Breakdown by political party: one NRP member, two independents
2 1 3
style="background-color: ;" | People's Life Party (Seikatsu no Tō) 2 0 2
Breakdown by political party: President (LDP), Vice-President (DPJ), one OSMP member, one independent
2 2 4
Total 121 121 242

Latest election

See also



  • Hayes, L. D., 2009. Introduction to Japanese Politics. 5th ed. New York: M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 978-0-7656-2279-2

External links

  • House of Councillors Website (in English)
  • House of Councillors internet TV - Official site (in Japanese)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.