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House of Hanover

House of Hanover
Country Kingdom of Great Britain, Ireland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Parent house
Titles etc., etc., etc.
Founded 1635 - George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Current head Ernst August, Prince of Hanover

United Kingdom:
1901 - Death of Queen Victoria ends the British branch in the agnatic line; semi-Salic law ends personal union of Hanover with the United Kingdom in 1837, upon death of her uncle William IV.

1866 - Prussia in the Austro-Prussian War

1918 - Ernest Augustus of Brunswick forced to abdicate after German defeat in World War I
Ethnicity German

The House of Hanover (or the Hanoverians ; German: Haus Hannover) is a German royal dynasty which has ruled the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Braunschweig-Lüneburg), the Kingdom of Hanover, the Kingdom of Great Britain, the Kingdom of Ireland and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. It succeeded the House of Stuart as monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland in 1714 and held that office until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901. They are sometimes referred to as the House of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Hanover line.

The House of Hanover is a younger branch of the House of Welf, which in turn is the senior branch of the House of Este.

Edward VII belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the line of his father, Albert, Prince Consort. Under semi-Salic law, Victoria could not inherit the Kingdom of Hanover and the Duchies unless the entire male line became extinct; those possessions passed to the next eligible male heir, her uncle Ernest Augustus I of Hanover, the Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale—the fifth son of George III.

The current head of the House of Hanover is Ernst August, Prince of Hanover.


  • History 1
    • Dukes and Electors of Brunswick-Lüneburg 1.1
    • Monarchs of Great Britain and the United Kingdom and Electors and Kings of Hanover 1.2
    • Kings of Hanover after the breakup of the personal union 1.3
    • Duchy of Brunswick 1.4
    • Claimants 1.5
    • List of members 1.6
    • Patrilineal descent 1.7
  • See also 2
  • Notes 3
  • Further reading 4
    • Historiography 4.1
  • External links 5


Dukes and Electors of Brunswick-Lüneburg

George I of Great Britain. All held the title Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. George died in 1641 and was succeeded by:

  • Christian Louis, 1st son of Duke George, Prince of Calenberg (1641–1648) and Prince of Lüneburg (1648–1665). He relinquished Calenburg when he became Prince of Lüneburg.
  • George William, 2nd son of Duke George, Prince of Calenberg (1648–1665) and Prince of Lüneburg (1665–1705). He relinquished Calenburg when he became Prince of Lüneburg on the death of his brother, Christian Louis.
  • John Frederick, 3rd son of Duke George, Prince of Calenberg (1665–1679).
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