World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Hugh Baird (engineer)

Article Id: WHEBN0018951618
Reproduction Date:

Title: Hugh Baird (engineer)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Slateford Aqueduct, Ratho, List of Scots
Collection: 1770 Births, 1827 Deaths, 19Th-Century Engineers, 19Th-Century Scottish People, People from Falkirk (Council Area), Scottish Civil Engineers
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Hugh Baird (engineer)

Ratho Basin, on the Union Canal

Hugh Baird (10 September 1770 – 24 September 1827) was a Scottish civil engineer, who designed and built the Union Canal. Born at Westertown, Bothkennar, Stirlingshire, he was the son of Nicol Hugh Baird, surveyor to the Forth and Clyde Canal, and was the younger brother of engineer Charles Baird.[1]

Nicol Baird died in 1807, and Hugh Baird succeeded him as surveyor to the canal. In 1810 he put forward designs for extending Grangemouth docks, although nothing was built. Baird was appointed resident engineer to the Forth and Clyde Canal in 1812, on a salary of £250 a year.[1]

In 1813, Baird was commissioned to prepare a scheme for linking Edinburgh to the Forth and Clyde Canal, via an "arm", or branch canal, between Falkirk and Fountainbridge, Edinburgh. Alternative designs included schemes by John Rennie and Robert Stevenson,[2] as well as earlier proposals by Ainslie and Whitworth (1797).[1] Thomas Telford supported Baird's proposal in 1815, and an act of Parliament was passed two years later. Baird was appointed chief engineer to the new canal, which became the Union Canal, on a salary of £500 a year.[1] The canal was begun in March 1818 and was opened in May 1822. Although the canal had only one flight of locks, at Falkirk (since replaced by the Falkirk Wheel), it was necessary to construct three substantial aqueducts; the Avon Aqueduct, the Almond Aqueduct and the Slateford Aqueduct. These were designed by Baird with Telford's advice, and are modelled on Telford's Chirk Aqueduct on the Ellesmere Canal. The canal also includes Scotland's only canal tunnel, at Falkirk, 630 metres (2,070 ft) long.[1]

Hugh Baird was also involved with the Crinan Canal in Argyll, and the Ulverston Canal in Cumbria.[2] He died at Kelvinhead, and was buried at Kilsyth.[1] Baird Road in Ratho, Edinburgh was named after Hugh Baird. His son, Nicol Hugh Baird (1796–1849), emigrated to Canada, where he worked on a number of canal projects.[3]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f Birse, Ron (2002). "Baird, Hugh". A Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers in Great Britain and Ireland: 1500 to 1830. Thomas Telford.  
  2. ^ a b "Hugh Baird". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  3. ^ "Baird, Nicol Hugh". Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  • Braid,, D. Nicol (1988), Hugh Baird, August 1796 – August 1849, a pioneering Scottish civil engineer in early Canada. Bytown pamphlet series., Ottawa, Ontario: The Historical Society of Ottawa 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.