World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Hushenying

Hushenying
Active 1899–1900
Country Qing China
Allegiance Qing dynasty
Branch Eight Banners
Type Corps
Size 10,000
Garrison/HQ Beijing
Equipment modern weapons
Engagements Boxer Rebellion
Commanders
Ceremonial chief Zaiyi
Notable
commanders
Zaiyi

The Hushenying (simplified Chinese: 虎神营; traditional Chinese: 虎神營; pinyin: Hǔshényíng) were a unit of 10,000 Manchu Bannermen under the command of Zaiyi during the Boxer Rebellion. Zaiyi himself created the unit in 1899, but it was decimated at the Battle of Peking in 1900 when the Eight-Nation Alliance captured Beijing to lift the Chinese siege of the foreign legations during the Boxer Uprising.

Summary

Hushenying has been translated variously as Tiger Spirit Division,[1] Tiger and Divine Corps,[2] and Tiger Spirit Battalion.[3][4]

Zaiyi, also known as Prince Duan, created the Hushenying in June 1899, for which he gained the praise of Empress Dowager Cixi. The new division contained 10,000 troops, all recruited from the banner armies that garrisoned the capital.[1] Some Chinese sources claim that Zaiyi chose the name Hushenying to convey his dislike of foreigners – since "tiger eats lamb (Yang, a pun on foreigners), and the divine tames the devil (Gui)" – but this claim cannot be verified in the documents of the time.[2] The Hushenying became the third modern army guarding Beijing, the other two being the Guards Army (established shortly before the Hushenying in 1899) and the older Peking Field Force (created in 1862).

During the Boxer Uprising (1899–1901), the Hushenying was among the troops that besieged the Beijing Legation Quarter, where most foreigners lived. During that siege (summer 1900), the Hushenying led by the harshly anti-foreign Zaiyi often clashed with the Peking Field Force, which was commanded by the more moderate Yikuang (Prince Qing). Both armies were decimated in the Battle of Peking.[5]

Several Chinese works of fiction have been written about the Hushenying.[3][4]

References

  1. ^ a b Edward Rhoads (2001). Manchus & Han: Ethnic Relations and Political Power in Late Qing and Early Republican China, 1861–1928. p. 71. 
  2. ^ a b Lanxin Xiang (2003). The Origins of the Boxer War: A Multinational Study. p. 219. 
  3. ^ a b Chinese Literature: Fiction, Poetry, Art. 1985. p. 7. 
  4. ^ a b Youmei Deng (1986). Snuff-Bottles and Other Stories. p. 18. 
  5. ^ Edward Rhoads (2001). Manchus & Han. p. 72. 

Works cited

  • Chinese Literature: Fiction, Poetry, Art (Foreign Languages Press). Spring 1985. 
  • Deng, Youmei (1986). Snuff-Bottles and Other Stories. Panda Books. Translated by Gladys Yang. Beijing: Chinese Literature.  
  • Rhoads, Edward J. M. (2001). Manchus & Han: Ethnic Relations and Political Power in Late Qing and Early Republican China, 1861–1928. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press.  
  • Xiang, Lanxin [相藍欣] (2003). The Origins of the Boxer War: A Multinational Study. Psychology Press.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.