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Hyattsville, Maryland

Hyattsville, Maryland
City
City of Hyattsville
Flag of Hyattsville, Maryland
Flag
Official seal of Hyattsville, Maryland
Seal
Motto: "A World Within Walking Distance"[1]

Location in Maryland
Coordinates:
Country  United States of America
State  Maryland
County Incorporated 1886
Government
 • Mayor Candace B. Hollingsworth
Area[2]
 • Total 2.70 sq mi (6.99 km2)
 • Land 2.67 sq mi (6.92 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation 105 ft (32 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 17,557
 • Estimate (2014[4]) 18,420
 • Density 6,575.7/sq mi (2,538.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 301, 240
FIPS code 24-41250
GNIS feature ID 0597595
Website http://www.hyattsville.org/

Hyattsville is a city in Maryland,[5] and also a close, urban suburb of Washington D.C. The population was 17,557 at the 2010 United States Census.[6]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Neighborhood character 2
  • Geography 3
    • Climate 3.1
  • Demographics 4
    • 2010 census 4.1
    • 2000 census 4.2
  • Religious institutions 5
  • Arts and culture 6
    • Historic sites 6.1
    • Public art 6.2
    • Arts District 6.3
  • Government 7
    • Presidents of the Board of Commissioners 7.1
    • Mayors 7.2
  • Education 8
    • Primary and secondary schools 8.1
      • Public schools 8.1.1
      • Private schools 8.1.2
  • Infrastructure 9
    • Public transit 9.1
    • Revitalization projects 9.2
  • In popular culture 10
  • Notable people 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

History

The city is named for its founder, Christopher Clark Hyatt (1799-1884), who purchased his first parcel of land in the area in 1845. Hyatt opened a store and began mail delivery, officially naming the nascent community “Hyattsville” in his 1859 application to become postmaster. The community's location at the intersection of the Washington and Baltimore Turnpike (modern day US 1) and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad line made the land attractive for development. In the years following the Civil War, Hyatt and other local landowners subdivided their properties and sold lots, and the population of Hyattsville grew. Hyattsville was incorporated as a city on April 7, 1886.[7]

The historic district of the city is home to a number of Victorian houses built in the late 1880s and Sears bungalows and Arts & Crafts houses built between the wars (late 1910s and early 1940s). Historic Hyattsville is roughly bounded by Madison Street, East West Highway, and Oliver Street to the north; Route 1 to the east; Magruder Park to the south; and 39th Avenue, 42nd Avenue, and 42nd Place to the west.[8]

Neighborhood character

Hyattsville is mostly a leafy, semi-urban area with many trees and many small- to medium-sized houses with small yards. It also has some apartment complexes, notably on its north side and near the University of Maryland. It also has some small office buildings and housing projects in a small part of its north side. Baltimore Ave (U.S. Route 1) runs through the heart of the area.

Sections of the city are dominated by small red brick and wooden homes with porches (originally purchased by 1940s blue-collar residents). The area has always had a large presence of University of Maryland students, faculty and staff residents as well. It also has a large and growing Hispanic population and growing middle-class African American population.

As the area's most significant population growth occurred as part of America's post-war urban expansion, the varied traditions founded in that era are felt in the city to this day. There are a significant number of post-war era original residents and their descendants living in the cityand traditional community events are still well attended and reveal the old culture and community. Many of the long-time residents have classic Maryland accents; although not like the Baltimore accent, there are some similarities. Washington, D.C. and its close northern and northwestern suburbs once had large blue-collar Irish populations and some of this influence is still present in the remnants of the older community.

Hyattsville also once also had a significant counter-cultural community, dating back to the 1960s, with many group houses and some small counter-cultural businesses and organizations present in the city. This community maintained a significant minority presence through the 1990s, although it is now beginning to fade.

Geography

Hyattsville is located at (38.956910, -76.951270).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.70 square miles (6.99 km2), of which, 2.67 square miles (6.92 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.[2]

Climate

Typical of central Maryland, Hyattsville lies within the humid subtropical climate zone (Köppen: Cfa), characterized by hot humid summers and generally cool to mild winters, with high annual precipitation.[10] Hyattsville lies within USDA plant hardiness zone 7a.[11]

Demographics

Hyattsville has attracted a significant gay and lesbian population. In 2000, same-sex couples accounted for 1.3 percent of households, more than double the national average.[13]

2010 census

Population by Race in Hyattsville Maryland (2010)[14]
Race Population % of Total
Total 17,557 100
African American 6,258 35
Hispanic 5,972 34
Caucasian 5,826 33
Other 3,750 21
Two or More Races 807 4
Asian 768 4
Native Americans 139 < 1%

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 17,557 people, 6,324 households, and 3,724 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,575.7 inhabitants per square mile (2,538.9/km2). There were 6,837 housing units at an average density of 2,560.7 per square mile (988.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 33.2% White, 35.6% African American, 0.8% Native American, 4.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 21.4% from other races, and 4.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.0% of the population.

There were 6,324 households of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.4% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.1% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.39.

The median age in the city was 32.1 years. 22.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 34.7% were from 25 to 44; 23.2% were from 45 to 64; and 7.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.8% male and 49.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 14,733 people, 5,540 households, and 3,368 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,885.9 people per square mile (2,658.2/km²). There were 5,795 housing units at an average density of 2,708.5 per square mile (1,045.5/km²). The ethnic makeup of the city was 41.03% African American, 39.53% White, 18.14% Hispanic or Latino 0.50% Native American, 4.02% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 10.91% from other races, and 3.98% from two or more races.

There were 5,540 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.3% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,355, and the median income for a family was $51,625. Males had a median income of $33,163 versus $31,088 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,152. About 7.9% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.

Religious institutions

  • Beth Torah Congregation
  • Christian Fellowship Assembly
  • Church of God of Prophecy
  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  • Crossover Church
  • Ebenezer Methodist Church
  • First Baptist Church of Hyattsville
  • First United Methodist Church
  • Hyattsville Mennonite Church
  • Hyattsville Seventh-Day Adventist Church
  • Metropolitan Seventh Day Adventist Church[16]
  • Redeemer Lutheran Church
  • St. Jerome Catholic Church
  • St. Mark the Evangelist Catholic Church
  • St. Matthew's Episcopal Church
  • Second Church of God and Saints of Christ
  • Turner Memorial A.M.E. Church
  • University Christian Church
  • University Park Church of Christ
  • West Hyattsville Baptist Church
  • Shiloh Church of God 7th Day

Arts and culture

Historic sites

The following is a list of historic sites in Hyattsville identified by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission:[17] In 1982, a portion of the city was placed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Hyattsville Historic District; the district was extended in late 2004.

Site Name Image Location M-NCPPC Inventory Number Comment
1 Dorr House 4525 Buchanan Street 68-077
2 Edgewood 4115 Hamilton Street 68-010-65
3 Fox’s Barn 5011 42nd Avenue 68-010-74
4 Hitching Post Hill (Ash Hill) 3308 Rosemary Lane 68-001 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, September 16, 1977
5 Frederick Holden House 4110 Gallatin Street 68-010-17
6 Lewis Holden House 4112 Gallatin Street 68-010-02
7 Hyattsville Armory 5340 Baltimore Avenue 68-041-09 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, March 27, 1980
8 Hyattsville Post Office 4325 Gallatin Street 68-041-40 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, July 24, 1986
9 W.G. Lown House 4107 Gallatin Street 68-010-35
10 Marché House 4200 Crittenden Street 68-010-62
11 McEwen House 4106 Gallatin Street 68-010-16
12 Paxton House 122 42nd Avenue 68-076
13 Poppleton-Roberts House 5104 Emerson Street 68-079-01
14 15 Professional Building 5200 Baltimore Avenue 68-041-01
16 Harriet Ralston House 4206 Decatur Street 68-010-25
17 William Shepherd House 5108 42nd Avenue 68-010-73
18 Benjamin Smith House 5104 42nd Avenue 68-010-34
19 Welsh House 4200 Farragut Street 68-010-01
20 Wheelock House 4100 Crittenden Street 68-010-31
21 Wilson-Ferrier-Windsor House 4106 Crittenden Street 68-010-80

Public art

Various public artwork sculptures, murals, and mosaics have been commissioned throughout the City of Hyattsville, thanks to Prince George's Art in Public Places Program, M-NCPPC's Department of Parks and Recreation, the Hyattsville CDC and the Prince George's Arts & Humanities Council. A full Public Art Locator is located on HyattsvilleCDC.org.

Arts District

Downtown Hyattsville is also undergoing revitalization as part of the Gateway Arts District, in the form of the Arts District Hyattsville private development project, which includes townhomes, live-work units, and retail space. The master developer of the 25-acre neighborhood is Bethesda-based EYA. The "economic development town center" of the arts district, the development is being constructed by EYA, Pulte Homes, StreetSense, and Bozzuto Homes. A Elevation Burger, Chipotle Mexican Grill, Spice 6 Modern Indian, and Tara Thai.[18]

Government

When first incorporated, Hyattsville was run by a Board of Commissioners; in May 1900, it switched to a mayor and common council system. Today, the city government consists of a popularly elected mayor and a ten-person city council. Each of the five wards in the city are represented by two popularly elected councilmen.

Presidents of the Board of Commissioners

  • Richard P. Evans (1886–87)
  • Francis H. Smith (1887–89)
  • Francis J. Gramlick (1889–90)
  • Jackson H. Ralston (1890–91)
  • Frederic A. Holden (1891–92)
  • Jackson H. Ralston (1892–93)
  • Francis H. Smith (1893–97)
  • Michael V. Tierney (1897–98)
  • L. K. Miller (1898–99)
  • Charles E. Postley (1899–1900)

Mayors

  • Gregory W. Eberwein (1898–00)
  • Michael V. Tierney (1900–02)
  • Charles A. Wells (1902–06)
  • Joseph R. Owens (1906–08)
  • John J. Fainter (acting mayor) (1908–09)
  • William P. Magruder (1909–11)
  • Roger Bellis (1911–12)
  • Harry W. Shepherd (1912–14)
  • Oswald A. Greagor (1914–15)
  • Edward Devlin (1915–16)
  • John G. Holden (1916–17)
  • William A. Brooks (1917–19)
  • Matthew F. Halloran (1919–20)
  • T. Hammond Welsh (1920–21)
  • J. Frank Rushe (1921–25)
  • Irvin Owings (1925–27)
  • Hillary T. Willis (1927–31)
  • Lemuel L. Gray (1931–33)
  • Hillary T. Willis (1933–38)
  • E. Murray Gover (1938–46)
  • R. T. Plitt (acting mayor) (1946–47)
  • Caesar L. Aiello (1947–51)
  • Jesse S. Baggett (1951–54)
  • Thomas E. Arnold (acting mayor) (1954–55)
  • George J. O'Hare (1955–59)
  • Joseph F. Lilly (1959–67)
  • Charles L. Armentrout (1967–75)
  • George C. Harrison (1975–76)
  • Jeremiah Harrington (1976–79)
  • Thomas L. Bass (1979–95)
  • Mary K. Prangley (1995–99)
  • Robert W. Armentrout (1999–2003)
  • William F. Gardiner (2003–2011)
  • Marc Tartaro (2011–2015)
  • Candace B. Hollingsworth (2015– )

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

The city is served by The city has undergone a major redevelopment over the last decade, including residential and retail development in the Arts District Hyattsville private development (located in the Gateway Arts District), and the area surrounding

Revitalization projects

As a community inside the TheBus, and Shuttle-UM routes. Hyattsville residents also have access to Baltimore Camden Station and Washington Union Station via the MARC commuter rail trains on the Camden Line in the neighboring town of Riverdale Park.

Public transit

Infrastructure

  • DeMatha Catholic High School (9–12)
  • St. Francis International School (Catholic) (K–8) (St. Mark Campus)
  • St. Jerome Academy (Catholic) (Pre-K–8)
  • St. Matthew's Parish Day School (Episcopal) (Pre-K–K)

Private schools

  • Hyattsville Elementary School
  • Edward M. Felegy Elementary School
  • Rosa Parks Elementary School
  • University Park Elementary School
  • Rogers Heights Elementary School
  • Hyattsville Middle School
  • Nicholas Orem Middle School
  • Northwestern High School
  • College Park Academy (Charter)

Hyattsville is zoned primarily to the following public schools:

[19]. There is also a bus stop located just outside of the residential apartments, which services not only local county and city transit systems, but also several university shuttles, including the University of Maryland and Howard University.[20][21]

The National Center for Health Statistics, part of the Department of Health and Human Services, is headquartered in Hyattsville and located at University Town Center.

In popular culture

The city of Hyattsville has expressed concern that crime in non-Hyattsville locations sharing the same ZIP codes and unincorporated communities designated as "Hyattsville" by the ABC. On May 1, ABC formally apologized to both the city and county.[23]

The violent crime rate per 1,000 residents has significantly decreased, from 11.42 in 2007[24] to 5.59 in 2012.[25]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "City of Hyattsville, Maryland". City of Hyattsville, Maryland. Retrieved August 25, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  4. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hyattsville, Maryland
  6. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Hyattsville city, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 8, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Hyattsville History". City of Hyattsville, Maryland. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  8. ^ Reinink, Amy. "It's old, but never old hat". The Washington Post. p. E6. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  10. ^ "Climate: Hyattsville". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved September 2, 2015. 
  11. ^ "USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved September 2, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Just Another Way to Be Suburban: In Pr. George's, Same-Sex Couples Grow in Number, Visibility," by Lonnae O'Neal Parker, The Washington Post, June 29, 2009.
  14. ^ "Hyattsville Maryland Population Statistics". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2013. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  16. ^ http://www.metrosda.org
  17. ^ M-NCPPC Illustrated Inventory of Historic Sites (Prince George's County, Maryland), 2011.
  18. ^ Gross, Daniel J (August 30, 2011). "New Organic Market Opening Furthers Hyattsville's Arts District Development". Gazette.net (Post-Newsweek Media Inc). 
  19. ^ "Prince George's County Public Schools". Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved August 25, 2012. 
  20. ^ http://www.utcliving.com/utc.cfm
  21. ^ http://www.transportation.umd.edu/images/Shuttle/Schedules%20pdfs/current/113_UTC.pdf
  22. ^ "Community Legacy Revitalization Plan". 
  23. ^ [2]
  24. ^ "Universal Crime Rates, Table 8: Maryland". Federal Bureau of Investigation. 2007. 
  25. ^ "Universal Crime Rates, Table 8: Maryland". Federal Bureau of Investigation. 2012. 

External links

  • Official website
  • Route 1 Communities: Hyattsville
  • Prince George's County Census Incorporated Places and Census Designated Places
  • Maryland Municipal League: Hyattsville
  • Hyattsville Preservation Association
  • Hyattsville Volunteer Fire Department
  • Hyattsville Community Development Corporation
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