World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

IPA pulmonic consonant chart with audio

Article Id: WHEBN0029207472
Reproduction Date:

Title: IPA pulmonic consonant chart with audio  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Handwritten IPA, Dental fricative, Dental stop, Alveolar stop, Voiceless dental non-sibilant affricate
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

IPA pulmonic consonant chart with audio

The International Phonetic Alphabet, or IPA, is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It was devised by the International Phonetic Association as a standardized representation of the sounds of spoken language.[1]

In the IPA, a pulmonic consonant is a consonant made by obstructing the glottis (the space between the vocal cords) or oral cavity (the mouth) and either simultaneously or subsequently letting out air from the lungs. Pulmonic consonants make up the majority of consonants in the IPA, as well as in human language. All consonants in the English language fall into this category.[2]

In the audio samples below, the consonants are pronounced with the vowel [a] for demonstration.

IPA chart pulmonic consonants with audio
Place → Labial Coronal Dorsal Radical Glottal
↓ Manner Bila­bial Labio­dental Den­tal Alve­olar Post­alve­olar Retro­flex Pal­a­tal Ve­lar Uvu­lar Pha­ryn­geal Epi­glot­tal Glot­tal
Nasal
m
ɱ
n
ɳ
ɲ
ŋ
ɴ
Plosive
p
b
t
d
ʈ
ɖ
c
ɟ
k
ɡ
q
ɢ
ʡ
ʔ
Fricative
ɸ
β
f
v
θ
ð
s
z
ʃ
ʒ
ʂ
ʐ
ç
ʝ
x
ɣ
χ
ʁ
ħ
ʕ
ʜ
ʢ
h
ɦ
Approximant
ʋ
ɹ
ɻ
j
ɰ
Trill
ʙ
r
*
ʀ
я *
Flap or tap
ⱱ̟
ɾ
ɽ
ɢ̆ *
ʡ̯
Lateral fricative
ɬ
ɮ
ɭ˔̊
ʎ̥˔
ʟ̝̊
Lateral approximant
l
ɭ
ʎ
ʟ
Lateral flap
ɺ
ɺ̢ *
ʎ̯
Where symbols appear in pairs, left—right represent the voiceless—voiced consonants
This table contains phonetic symbols, which may not display correctly in some browsers. [Help]

 •  •   • chart •

See also

References

  1. ^ International Phonetic Association. (1999). Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  2. ^  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.