World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Idris Cox

Article Id: WHEBN0031888641
Reproduction Date:

Title: Idris Cox  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Communist Party of Great Britain, Communist Party of Great Britain election results, Jimmy Shields (journalist), John Gollan, Bob Stewart (politician)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Idris Cox

Idris Cox (1899–1989) was a Welsh communist activist and newspaper editor.

Born in Maesteg, Cox grew up in Cwmfelin, where he worked in a coal mine from a young age.[1] His family was highly religious, and he attended chapel three times each Sunday, but he lost interest in religion after becoming active in the trade union movement, and was involved in the South Wales miners' strike of 1915.[2] He was elected to the Management Committee of the Garth Miners' Institute at the age of 18 and, in 1920, he became the lodge's delegate to coalfield conferences. Becoming interested in Marxism, he served as Chairman of the local miners' lodge during the 1921 lockout.[1]

In 1923, the South Wales Miners' Federation granted Cox a scholarship, enabling him to study at the Central Labour College in London and, after the 1924 UK general election, he joined the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB). He returned to Wales in 1925, but was unable to find work, other than a short spell as a deputy checkweighman. Instead, he founded a National Unemployed Workers' Movement branch in Maesteg, and continued his communist activity there.[1]

By 1926, Cox was an Area Organiser for the CPGB in Labour Party, and became vice-chairman of its Maesteg branch in 1927. He continued his rise in the CPGB, becoming District Secretary that year, and was co-opted to its National Executive in 1928,[1] attending the Sixth Congress of the Communist International that year.[3]

Cox returned to London in 1929 to join the CPGB's political bureau. He also worked as a correspondent for the Daily Worker.[1] Shortly after, he returned to Wales, as Secretary of the Welsh District of the CPGB. He served in this role until 1951,[3] and stood unsuccessfully for the party in Rhondda East at the 1951 UK general election.[4] Later that year, Cox became Secretary of the International Department of the CPGB, and was heavily involved in the Movement for Colonial Freedom. He retired in 1970, and wrote his autobiography, Story of a Welsh Rebel.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Swansea University: Idris Cox collection", Archives Wales
  2. ^ John Burnett et al, The Autobiography of the Working Class: 1900-1945, p.76
  3. ^ a b "Cox Idris", Compendium of Communist Biography
  4. ^ The Times House of Commons (1951), p.176
Media offices
Preceded by
Jimmy Shields
Editor of the Daily Worker
1935–1936
Succeeded by
Rajani Palme Dutt
Party political offices
Preceded by
?
Secretary of the Welsh District of the Communist Party of Great Britain
1936–1951
Succeeded by
Alun Thomas
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.