World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ihtiman

Article Id: WHEBN0006068906
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ihtiman  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 378, 1378, 377, Samuel of Bulgaria, 599, Sofia, Battle of Kosovo, List of cities and towns in Bulgaria, Eastern Rumelia, Sofia Province
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ihtiman

Ihtiman
Ihtiman
Ihtiman
Location of Ihtiman

Coordinates: 42°26′N 23°49′E / 42.433°N 23.817°E / 42.433; 23.817Coordinates: 42°26′N 23°49′E / 42.433°N 23.817°E / 42.433; 23.817

Country Bulgaria
Province
(Oblast)
Sofia Province
Government
 • Mayor Margarita Petkova
Elevation 658 m (2,159 ft)
Population (13.09.2005)
 • Total 14,525
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 2050
Area code(s) 0724

Ihtiman (Bulgarian: Ихтиман) is a town in western Bulgaria, part of Sofia Province. It is located in the Ihtimanska Sredna Gora mountains and lies in a valley 48 km from Sofia and 95 km from Plovdiv, close to Trakiya motorway.

Formerly a Roman defensive station guarding the important roads to the Bosphorus, Ihtiman was then called Stipon. It continued to play this role under the Byzantine Empire and the Bulgarian Empire, which however shifted its main defensive centre in the region to the Gate of Trajan hill pass.

Following the Ottoman domination in the 14th century, the town's name was changed to Ihtiman, which is thought to be of Ottoman Turkish origin.

The traditional and dominant religion is Eastern Orthodox Christianity.

Ihtiman Hook on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Ihtiman.[1]

Climate

Ikhtiman has a temperate continental climate with very cold and snowy winters and not too hot, relatively short summers. The average annual temperature is 8.9C.

Climate data for Ikhtiman
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
21.2
(70.2)
30.4
(86.7)
28.5
(83.3)
33.4
(92.1)
35.4
(95.7)
37.5
(99.5)
42.5
(108.5)
36.9
(98.4)
32.8
(91)
25.8
(78.4)
18.2
(64.8)
42.5
(108.5)
Average high °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
4.4
(39.9)
9
(48)
15.5
(59.9)
20.2
(68.4)
23.8
(74.8)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
23.1
(73.6)
17
(63)
10.1
(50.2)
4.2
(39.6)
15.18
(59.36)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.9
(26.8)
0.6
(33.1)
3.1
(37.6)
9
(48)
13.6
(56.5)
17
(63)
19
(66)
18.7
(65.7)
14.7
(58.5)
9.5
(49.1)
4.8
(40.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
8.9
(48.03)
Average low °C (°F) −7.6
(18.3)
−5.3
(22.5)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.2
(36)
6.7
(44.1)
9.7
(49.5)
10.9
(51.6)
10.1
(50.2)
7.1
(44.8)
3.2
(37.8)
0.3
(32.5)
−4.6
(23.7)
2.55
(36.6)
Record low °C (°F) −33.9
(−29)
−31
(−24)
−28
(−18)
−9.6
(14.7)
−3.7
(25.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
1.5
(34.7)
1.3
(34.3)
−5.8
(21.6)
−8.4
(16.9)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−33.5
(−28.3)
−33.9
(−29)
Precipitation mm (inches) 39
(1.54)
30
(1.18)
38
(1.5)
50
(1.97)
70
(2.76)
78
(3.07)
59
(2.32)
46
(1.81)
40
(1.57)
44
(1.73)
49
(1.93)
42
(1.65)
585
(23.03)
Source: Stringmeteo.com

Retrieved on March 30, 2013.

Municipality

Ihtiman is also the seat of Ihtiman municipality (part of Sofia Province), which includes the following 27 villages:

  • Balyovtsi
  • Belitsa
  • Boeritsa
  • Borika
  • Buzyakovtsi
  • Bardo
  • Chernyovo
  • Dzhamuzovtsi
  • Grozdyovtsi
  • Kostadinkino
  • Lyubnitsa
  • Mechkovtsi
  • Mirovo
  • Muhovo
  • Panovtsi
  • Paunovo
  • Polyantsi
  • Popovtsi
  • Razhana
  • Selyanin
  • Sredishtna
  • Stambolovo
  • Suevtsi
  • Vakarel
  • Venkovets
  • Verinsko
  • Zhivkovo

Twin-towns

Notes

External links

  • Information portal for IHTIMAN
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.