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Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science


Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science

Seal of IACS
Established 1876
Type Research institute
Director Santanu Bhattacharya [1]
Location Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Website .in.res.iacswww

Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS) is an institute of higher learning in Kolkata, India.[2][3] Established in 1876 by Mahendra Lal Sircar, a private medical practitioner, it focuses on fundamental research in basic sciences.[4] It is India's oldest research institute.[5][6]

Located at Jadavpur, South Kolkata beside Jadavpur University, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute and Indian Institute of Chemical Biology it is spread over a limited area of 9.5 acres.[7]

Academic programme

The institute is engaged in fundamental research in various fields of Sir C. V. Raman did his groundbreaking work in Raman effect in this institute.[8] His work was first published in the Indian Journal of Physics, which is published by IACS.[9]

Apart from the works of C. V. Raman and K. S. Krishanan in Optics, IACS has produced several important paradigms in modern science. IACS has a very strong group in theoretical chemistry and quantum chemistry. Debashis Mukherjee developed the Mk-MRCC method to account for electron correlations in molecular systems which is considered as a "gold-standard" in computational chemistry. Another important discovery has been in the area of solvation dynamics of molecules and particular the dynamics of water molecules around the surfaces of membranes. These experiments performed by Professor Kankan Bhattacharyya have provided a fundamental insights into the behavior of water near biological surfaces and led to the coining of the word "biological water" in the physical chemistry community.


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