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Indian Foreign Minister

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Indian Foreign Minister

Minister of External Affairs
(Videsh Mantri) (विदेश मंत्री)
Incumbent
Sushma Swaraj

since 26 May 2014
Ministry of External Affairs
Appointer President on the advice of the Prime Minister
Inaugural holder Jawaharlal Nehru
Formation 2 September 1946

The Minister of External Affairs (or simply foreign minister) is the head of the Ministry of External Affairs of the Government of India. One of the senior-most offices in the Union Cabinet, the chief responsibility of the Foreign Minister is to represent India and its government in the international community. He also plays an important role in determining Indian foreign policy. Occasionally, he is assisted by a Minister of State for External Affairs or the lower-ranked Deputy Minister of External Affairs.

India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, also held the foreign minister post throughout his 17-year premiership of the country; he remains the country's longest-serving foreign minister. Several other prime ministers have since held the additional charge of foreign minister, but never has any other cabinet minister held additional charge of the office. There have been a number of foreign ministers who went on to become prime minister.

The current Minister of External Affairs is Sushma Swaraj of the Bharatiya Janata Party, who took over from Salman Khurshid of the Indian National Congress on 26 May 2014.

List of Foreign Ministers

Name Portrait Term of office Political party
(Alliance)
Prime Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru 2 September 1946 27 May 1964 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
Gulzarilal Nanda 27 May 1964 9 June 1964 Gulzarilal Nanda
(interim)
Lal Bahadur Shastri 9 June 1964 17 July 1964 Lal Bahadur Shastri
Sardar Swaran Singh 18 July 1964 14 November 1966 Lal Bahadur Shastri
Indira Gandhi
M. C. Chagla 14 November 1966 5 September 1967 Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi 6 September 1967 13 February 1969
Dinesh Singh 14 February 1969 27 June 1970
Sardar Swaran Singh 27 June 1970 10 October 1974
Yashwantrao Chavan 10 October 1974 24 March 1977
Atal Bihari Vajpayee 26 March 1977 28 July 1979 Janata Party Morarji Desai
Shyam Nandan Prasad Mishra 28 July 1979 13 January 1980 Janata Party (Secular) Charan Singh
P. V. Narasimha Rao 14 January 1980 19 July 1984 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi 19 July 1984 31 October 1984
Rajiv Gandhi 31 October 1984 24 September 1985 Rajiv Gandhi
Bali Ram Bhagat 25 September 1985 12 May 1986
P. Shiv Shankar 12 May 1986 22 October 1986
N. D. Tiwari 22 October 1986 25 July 1987
Rajiv Gandhi 25 July 1987 25 June 1988
P. V. Narasimha Rao 25 June 1988 2 December 1989
V. P. Singh 2 December 1989 5 December 1989 Janata Dal
(National Front)
V. P. Singh
I. K. Gujral 5 December 1989 10 November 1990
Vidya Charan Shukla 21 November 1990 20 February 1991 Samajwadi Janata Party
(National Front)
Chandra Shekhar
Madhavsinh Solanki 21 June 1991 31 March 1992 Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao
P. V. Narasimha Rao 31 March 1992 18 January 1993
Dinesh Singh 18 January 1993 10 February 1995
Pranab Mukherjee 10 February 1995 16 May 1996
Sikander Bakht 21 May 1996 1 June 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee
I. K. Gujral 1 June 1996 18 March 1998 Janata Dal
(United Front)
H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
Atal Bihari Vajpayee 19 March 1998 5 December 1998 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Jaswant Singh 5 December 1998 23 June 2002
Yashwant Sinha 1 July 2002 22 May 2004
K. Natwar Singh 22 May 2004[1] 6 November 2005[2] Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh 6 November 2005 24 October 2006
Pranab Mukherjee 24 October 2006[3] 22 May 2009
S. M. Krishna 22 May 2009 26 October 2012
Salman Khurshid 28 October 2012 26 May 2014
Sushma Swaraj 26 May 2014 Incumbent Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Narendra Modi

See also

References

  1. ^ Rediff.com dated 22 May 2004, accessed 25 October 200
  2. ^ BBC News dated 7 November 2005, accessed 25 October 200
  3. ^ The Hindu dated 25 October 2006, accessed 25 October 2006.

External links

  • Official Website of Ministry of External Affairs
  • MEA Library
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